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What are the different types of software testing tools?

Software Testing is the process of investigating the performance of a program to find bugs that need fixing. It is an indispensable phase of the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). But what are the tools available for assessing software? Multiple test applications exist for a variety of use cases, from banking application testing to all other industries. Read on to learn more.

This article reveals the different types of testing tools in software engineering available to developers in today’s markets.

software testing tool types

What Is A Software Testing Tool?

Software checking utilities are custom applications that assist developers to perform automated or manual tests – from writing cases/scenarios, to finding bugs and generating reports. 

A software checking tool to a developer is like a spirit level to a bricklayer. 

Different types of testing tools exist for many different use cases, such as unit, integration, regression, end-to-end, performance, and security testing.

Here’s a complete list of types of software testing tools available today…

Tools for management of testing and tests

Test utilities in this category do not actually execute tests. Their role is to manage all cases and the entire testing process. By "management", we mean, keeping track of data for specific tests; tracking the number of tests planned, run, passed, or failed; making schedules, recording data, and logging results. 

The various applications used under this category include:

  • Test management tools: These help to collect, organize and communicate information about the project. aqua cloud is an efficient QA management tool that lets you easily manage, plan and execute test cases in a structured, clear and audit-proof manner. aqua is especially convenient for banking, insurance or medical industries due to their need to be auditable. But it is also popular among small and midsize businesses since its price is affordable for even the smallest teams (from 39 euro/month). 

You can get detailed tracking reports and results, communicate in real-time with developers on bug fixes with aqua cloud and on-premise test case management tool.

  • Requirements management tools: The ability to link requirements together is crucial. Requirements management software allows developers to write test cases based on system requirements and execute them, to assess if all of the system’s functional and technical requirements are met. 
  • Incident management tools: Also referred to as bug tracking or defect tracking software, incident management software enables efficient tracking and management of incidents – from identification and recording to analysis, classification, assignment for fixing, re-checking, and closure.
  • Configuration management tools (CMTs): Are essential for controlled assessment. CMTs allow developers to keep track of the software and testware's versions and builds; track configurations and versions together, as well as manage the build and release of the software product.

Tools for static testing

This involves evaluating code without executing it. These applications analyse code or documentation for syntax and consistency. They highlight segments with wrong syntax, undefined variables, or uninitialised variables, and investigate logical flow.

Here are three types of software static applications:

  • Review process support tools: Whether formal or informal, every type of review has value. Review process support applications are intended to manage all the data for a review procedure using spreadsheets and written materials.
  • Static analysis tools: These are the most frequently used testing software in daily practice. They create a symbol table, point out improper usage, and look for violations of syntax or coding language conventions. 
  • Modelling tools: Validate models of the software system. Analysts use modelling utilities to identify errors at an early stage, generate inputs or cases from stored information about a particular model.

Tools for test specification

These are simply templates or forms for test design. Applications used enable developers to create new cases. These applications will help you break down scenarios, define how often cases will be checked, and how this will be done – for a specific feature.

Applications for test specification are of two types:

  • Test design tools: They’re used to create test scenarios, and input data. In the case where an automated mechanism for determining whether a test has passed or failed is used, design tools can also produce the expected outcome of a scenario.
  • Test data preparation tools: These applications enable the creation, generation and editing of data for use in tests, as well as the selection of data from an existing database. When a lot of realistic data is required for performance and reliability testing, they are very helpful.

Tools for test execution and logging

Solutions for test execution make it easier to run tests effectively. Each runs with a scripting language. Testers need some programming knowledge to create and modify a script when using a test execution tool directly. 

Here are 5 types of test tools for execution and logging:

  • Test execution tools: While running tests manually, these apps capture/record inputs. The next time the test is run, they can save an expected result in the form of a screen or other object to compare to.
  • Test harness/ Unit test framework tools: Test harness tools automate test execution. Unit test frameworks applications can automate test execution in parallel with development – with agile methodology.
  • Test comparators: actual test results need to be compared to predicted or expected output. Test comparators help to automate this process. The tool needs to know what the correct result is, whether it is dynamic or post-execution.
  • Coverage measurement tools: These are tools that are used to assess the level of test execution already executed against functional and technical requirements provided for this specific software application
  • Security tools: Computer system security is tested using security testing solutions. They’ll be used to simulate various forms of external attacks or to identify viruses, detect or find intrusions.

​​​​​​​Tools for performance and monitoring

Performance and monitoring applications are essential for finding out how fast your application is working and whether it is meeting the quality expectations of your users. There are many different types of performance tests, and they are all useful in different situations. 

The most common tools in this category:

  • Dynamic analysis tools
  • Performance, Load and stress testing tools
  • Monitoring tools

Conclusion

Software testing has a huge place in software development, no software package goes to market without thorough quality assurance. The right tools will make software testing easier and guarantee better results. This article provides an overview of the various types of tools in software testing, to help your company release more trustworthy products to market.

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