Что такое язык сценариев?

–Ø–∑—ã–∫ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ - —ç—Ç–æ –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ–º—ã–π —è–∑—ã–∫ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è. –û–Ω –ø–µ—Ä–µ–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –≤ –º–∞—à–∏–Ω–Ω—ã–π –∫–æ–¥ –ø—Ä–∏ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–µ –∫–æ–¥–∞, –∞ –Ω–µ –∑–∞—Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ. –Ø–∑—ã–∫–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ —á–∞—Å—Ç–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç—Å—è –¥–ª—è –∫–æ—Ä–æ—Ç–∫–∏—Ö —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –Ω–∞–¥ –ø–æ–ª–Ω—ã–º–∏ –∫–æ–º–ø—å—é—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω—ã–º–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞–º–∏. JavaScript, Python –∏ Ruby —è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–∞–º–∏ —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤.

–í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –±—ã—Ç—å —É–¥–∏–≤–ª–µ–Ω—ã, —É–∑–Ω–∞–≤, —á—Ç–æ –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ, —á–µ–º 700 —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –±—ã–ª–∏ –∏–∑–æ–±—Ä–µ—Ç–µ–Ω—ã –∑–∞ –≤—Å—é –∏—Å—Ç–æ—Ä–∏—é –∫–æ–º–ø—å—é—Ç–µ—Ä–æ–≤. –≠—Ç–æ –Ω–µ —Ç–∞–∫ –º–Ω–æ–≥–æ, –∫–∞–∫ 6 900 —á–µ–ª–æ–≤–µ—á–µ—Å–∫–∏–µ —è–∑—ã–∫–∏ —É –Ω–∞—Å –µ—Å—Ç—å, –Ω–æ –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ª—é–±–æ–≥–æ –Ω–æ–≤–æ–≥–æ —è–∑—ã–∫–∞ - –Ω–µ–ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç–∞—è –∑–∞–¥–∞—á–∞. & nbsp;

–ß—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ —è–∑—ã–∫ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤? < / h2>

–Ø–∑—ã–∫ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ (—Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –∏–∑–≤–µ—Å—Ç–Ω—ã–π –∫–∞–∫ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–π –∏–ª–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–π) - —ç—Ç–æ —Å–µ—Ä–∏—è –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å –±–µ–∑ –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª—è—Ü–∏–∏ . –•–æ—Ç—è –≤—Å–µ —è–∑—ã–∫–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ —è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è —è–∑—ã–∫–∞–º–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è, –Ω–µ –≤—Å–µ —è–∑—ã–∫–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è —è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è —è–∑—ã–∫–∞–º–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤. PHP, Perl –∏ Python - —Ç–∏–ø–∏—á–Ω—ã–µ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—ã —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤. & Nbsp;

–Ø–∑—ã–∫–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É, –∏–∑–≤–µ—Å—Ç–Ω—É—é –∫–∞–∫ –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –¥–ª—è –ø–µ—Ä–µ–≤–æ–¥–∞ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥ –∏ –Ω–∞–ø—Ä—è–º—É—é –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ä—É—é—Ç—Å—è –∏–∑ –∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞, –Ω–µ —Ç—Ä–µ–±—É—è —ç—Ç–∞–ø –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª—è—Ü–∏–∏ . –° –¥—Ä—É–≥–æ–π —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω—ã, –¥–ª—è –¥—Ä—É–≥–∏—Ö —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–µ–±–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª—è—Ç–æ—Ä –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥ –≤ –º–∞—à–∏–Ω–Ω—ã–π –∫–æ–¥, –ø—Ä–µ–∂–¥–µ —á–µ–º –æ–Ω —Å–º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å —ç—Ç–∏ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥—ã. & Nbsp;

–í–∞–∂–Ω–æ –∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å —Ä–∞–∑–Ω–∏—Ü—É –º–µ–∂–¥—É –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ–º—ã–µ –∏ –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª–∏—Ä—É–µ–º—ã–µ —è–∑—ã–∫–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è. –û–¥–Ω–∞–∫–æ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥–æ–≤—ã–µ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥—ã –∞–ø–ø–∞—Ä–∞—Ç–Ω–æ–≥–æ –æ–±–µ—Å–ø–µ—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –∏ –∫–æ–¥–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞—é—Ç –¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ —Ä–∞–∑–ª–∏—á–∏–µ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —É—Å—Ç–∞—Ä–µ–≤—à–∏–º.

–ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ–º—ã–µ –∏ —Å–∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ —è–∑—ã–∫–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è

–°—Ç—Ä–µ–ª–∫–∏, –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ–º—ã–µ –∏ —Å–∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ

–ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ–º—ã–π —è–∑—ã–∫ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è - —ç—Ç–æ —è–∑—ã–∫, –ø—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∞–∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–π –¥–ª—è –Ω–µ–ø–æ—Å—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è –∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞ –±–µ–∑ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ—Å—Ç–∏ –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É –≤ –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –Ω–∞ –º–∞—à–∏–Ω–Ω–æ–º —è–∑—ã–∫–µ. –ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–∏—Ç –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É, –ø–µ—Ä–µ–≤–µ–¥—è –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä—ã –≤ —Å–µ—Ä–∏—é –∏–∑ –æ–¥–Ω–æ–π –∏–ª–∏ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–∏—Ö –ø–æ–¥–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥ –æ–∫–æ–Ω—á–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–º –ø–µ—Ä–µ–≤–æ–¥–æ–º –∏—Ö –Ω–∞ –¥—Ä—É–≥–æ–π —è–∑—ã–∫, –Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä –º–∞—à–∏–Ω–Ω—ã–π –∫–æ–¥.

–í —Å–∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö —è–∑—ã–∫–∞—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞-–∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª—è—Ç–æ—Ä –ø–µ—Ä–µ–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç –∫–æ–¥, –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π –Ω–∞ —è–∑—ã–∫–µ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–æ–≥–æ —É—Ä–æ–≤–Ω—è, –Ω–∞ —è–∑—ã–∫ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ –Ω–∏–∑–∫–æ–≥–æ —É—Ä–æ–≤–Ω—è, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å—Å—è. –ü—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã C –∏–ª–∏ Java –æ–±—ã—á–Ω–æ –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –±—ã—Ç—å —Å–∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω—ã –≤ –ø–µ—Ä–≤—É—é –æ—á–µ—Ä–µ–¥—å –ø–æ –ø–æ—Ä—è–¥–∫—É –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞. –î–≤–∞ —Ö–æ—Ä–æ—à–æ –∏–∑–≤–µ—Å—Ç–Ω—ã—Ö –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª—è—Ç–æ—Ä–∞: Eclipse –¥–ª—è Java –∏ gcc –¥–ª—è —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ C –∏ C++. & nbsp;

–°–∞–º—ã–π –ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç–æ–π —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–± –ø–æ–Ω—è—Ç—å, –∫–∞–∫ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª—è—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ - –¥—É–º–∞—Ç—å –æ —Ä–∞–∑–ª–∏—á–Ω—ã—Ö –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–æ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–∞—Ö. –ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã Windows —Å–∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω—ã –¥–ª—è —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã –Ω–∞ –ø–ª–∞—Ç—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ö Windows –∏, —Å–ª–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ, –Ω–µ—Å–æ–≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–∏–º—ã —Å Mac. & nbsp;

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω—ã –≤ –∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤—ã —Ç—Ä—É–¥–æ—É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∞ –≤ —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏—Ö –æ–±–ª–∞—Å—Ç—è—Ö –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–∏—è –≤ –±—É—Ç–∫–µ–º–ø–µ. –ü–æ–¥–±–µ—Ä–∏—Ç–µ—Å—å –Ω–∞ –±—É—Ç–∫–µ–º–ø —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–í —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–º –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ —Å–º–µ–Ω—É –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—ã, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–°—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç –¥–≤–∞ —Ç–∏–ø–∞ —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤: —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–Ω–∞—è –∏ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç—Å–∫–∞—è. –ï–¥–∏–Ω—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ —Ä–∞–∑–ª–∏—á–∏–µ –º–µ–∂–¥—É –Ω–∏–º–∏ —Å–æ—Å—Ç–æ–∏—Ç –≤ —Ç–æ–º, —á—Ç–æ –¥–ª—è –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–∏ –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–≥–æ —Ç—Ä–µ–±—É–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä. & Nbsp;

–Ø–∑—ã–∫–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–∞ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—é—Ç –Ω–∞ –≤–µ–±-—Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–µ. –ö–æ–≥–¥–∞ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç –æ—Ç–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –∑–∞–ø—Ä–æ—Å, —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä –æ—Ç–≤–µ—á–∞–µ—Ç, –æ—Ç–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª—è—è –∫–æ–Ω—Ç–µ–Ω—Ç —á–µ—Ä–µ–∑ HTTP. –ù–∞–ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤, —è–∑—ã–∫–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—é—Ç –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ & mdash; –≤ –∏—Ö –≤–µ–±-–±—Ä–∞—É–∑–µ—Ä–µ.

–ü—Ä–µ–∏–º—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ —Å–æ—Å—Ç–æ–∏—Ç –≤ —Ç–æ–º, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –º–æ–≥—É—Ç —Å–Ω–∏–∑–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞–≥—Ä—É–∑–∫—É –Ω–∞ —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä, –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è—è –≤–µ–±-—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ü–∞–º –∑–∞–≥—Ä—É–∂–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–µ–µ. –ü—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞—è –≤–æ –≤–Ω–∏–º–∞–Ω–∏–µ, —á—Ç–æ –æ–¥–Ω–∏–º –∏–∑ –∑–Ω–∞—á–∏—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã—Ö –ø—Ä–µ–∏–º—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤ —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–Ω—ã—Ö —Å–∫—Ä–∏–ø—Ç–æ–≤ —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Ç–æ, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –Ω–µ –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–Ω—ã –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∞ –ø—É–±–ª–∏–∫–µ, –∫–∞–∫ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç—Å–∫–∏–µ —Å–∫—Ä–∏–ø—Ç—ã.

–ü—ã—Ç–∞—è—Å—å —Ä–µ—à–∏—Ç—å, –≤ –∫–∞–∫–æ–º –Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏–∏ –¥–≤–∏–≥–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –ø–æ –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç—É, –∏–º–µ–π—Ç–µ –≤ –≤–∏–¥—É, —á—Ç–æ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç- –ø–æ–±–æ—á–Ω—ã–µ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–∏ –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –æ—Ä–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω—ã –Ω–∞ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å—Å–∫–∏–π –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä—Ñ–µ–π—Å –∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–æ–Ω–∞–ª—å–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å. –ò –Ω–∞–æ–±–æ—Ä–æ—Ç, —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–∏ –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–∞ –æ—Ä–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω—ã –Ω–∞ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä—É—é –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫—É, –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø –∫ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º –∏ —É—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ –æ—à–∏–±–æ–∫.

–ü—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—ã —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–∞.

–ù–∏–∂–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω—ã –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—ã —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–∞. & nbsp;

< /tr> < td> Java
–Ø–∑—ã–∫ –ö–æ–º–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞—Ä–∏–∏
PHP –°–∞–º—ã–π –ø–æ–ø—É–ª—è—Ä–Ω—ã–π —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–Ω—ã–π —è–∑—ã–∫, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º—ã–π –≤ –ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç–µ.
ASP.NET –ü–ª–∞—Ç—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞ –≤–µ–±-–ø—Ä–∏–ª–æ–∂–µ–Ω–∏–π, —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–Ω–Ω–∞—è Microsoft.
Node.js –ú–æ–∂–µ—Ç —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—Ç—å –Ω–∞ –º–Ω–æ–∂–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ –ø–ª–∞—Ç—Ñ–æ—Ä–º, –≤–∫–ª—é—á–∞—è Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac –∏ —Ç. –¥.
–ò—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤–æ –≤—Å–µ–º, –æ—Ç Bluetooth –≤ –∞–≤—Ç–æ–º–æ–±–∏–ª—å–Ω–æ–π —Å—Ç–µ—Ä–µ–æ—Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–µ –¥–æ –ø—Ä–∏–ª–æ–∂–µ–Ω–∏–π –ù–ê–°–ê.
Ruby Dynamic. –û—Å–æ–±–æ–µ –≤–Ω–∏–º–∞–Ω–∏–µ —É–¥–µ–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç–æ—Ç–µ.
Perl –ù–µ–º–Ω–æ–≥–æ –≥–∏–±—Ä–∏–¥–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–∏–ª–æ–∂–µ–Ω–∏—è –º–µ–∂–¥—É C, —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–º –æ–±–æ–ª–æ—á–∫–∏, AWK –∏ sed.
Python –û—Ç–ª–∏—á–Ω–æ –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç –¥–ª—è –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –Ω–æ–≤–∏—á–∫–∞–º–∏. –ò—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç –±–æ–ª–µ–µ –∫–æ—Ä–æ—Ç–∫–∏–π –∫–æ–¥.

–ü—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—ã –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç—Å–∫–∏—Ö —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –Ø–∑—ã–∫–∏

–ù–∏–∂–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω—ã –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—ã —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–∞.

< td> –ö–æ–º–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞—Ä–∏–∏
–Ø–∑—ã–∫
HTML –û—Å–Ω–æ–≤–∞ –≤–µ–±-—Ä–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–∏. & nbsp;
CSS –£–ª—É—á—à–∞–µ—Ç –≤–Ω–µ—à–Ω–∏–π –≤–∏–¥ –∏ –≥—Ä–∞—Ñ–∏–∫—É –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ü–∞—Ö –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–º –≤–µ–±-–±—Ä–∞—É–∑–µ—Ä–µ.
JavaScript –•–æ—Ç—è –æ–±—ã—á–Ω–æ –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ , –∏–Ω–æ–≥–¥–∞ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –∏ –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–∞.

–Ø–∑—ã–∫–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç—Å—è –≤–æ –º–Ω–æ–≥–∏—Ö –æ–±–ª–∞—Å—Ç—è—Ö, –∫–∞–∫ –≤ –ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç–µ, —Ç–∞–∫ –∏ –∑–∞ –µ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∞–º–∏. –ü–æ–º–∏–º–æ —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–Ω—ã—Ö –∏ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç—Å–∫–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–∏–ª–æ–∂–µ–Ω–∏–π, –≤ —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–Ω–æ–º –∞–¥–º–∏–Ω–∏—Å—Ç—Ä–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–∏ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —è–∑—ã–∫–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤. –ü—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—ã —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º—ã—Ö –≤ —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–Ω–æ–º –∞–¥–º–∏–Ω–∏—Å—Ç—Ä–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–∏: Shell, Perl –∏ Python. & nbsp;

< p> –Ø–∑—ã–∫–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç—Å—è –≤–æ –º–Ω–æ–≥–∏—Ö –∏–≥—Ä–∞—Ö –∏ –º—É–ª—å—Ç–∏–º–µ–¥–∏–∞. –ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –ú–æ–¥—ã –¥–ª—è Minecraft –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç Java, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª–∏ –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–≤–æ–∏ —Å–æ–±—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –º–∏—Ä—ã –∏ –ø—Ä–µ–¥–º–µ—Ç—ã –≤ –∏–≥—Ä–µ. –ö—Ä–æ–º–µ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, Second Life , Trainz –∏ Wesnoth –≤—Å–µ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è—é—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è–º —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ä–∞—Å—à–∏—Ä–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤ –∏–≥—Ä–∞—Ö. & nbsp;

–ü–æ–¥–æ–±–Ω–æ —Ä–∞—Å—à–∏—Ä–µ–Ω–∏—è–º, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º—ã–º –≤ –∏–≥—Ä–∞—Ö, —Ä–∞—Å—à–∏—Ä–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤ –¥—Ä—É–≥–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞—Ö, —Ç–∞–∫–∏—Ö –∫–∞–∫ —Ä–∞—Å—à–∏—Ä–µ–Ω–∏—è –±—Ä–∞—É–∑–µ—Ä–∞ Google Chrome, –≤—Å–µ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞—é—Ç—Å—è —Å –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ–º —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤.

–ü–ª—é—Å—ã –∏ –º–∏–Ω—É—Å—ã —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤

 –ù–µ–æ–Ω–æ–≤—ã–π —Å–≤–µ—Ç –≤ –æ–∫–Ω–µ –≥–æ–≤–æ—Ä–∏—Ç –ø—Ä–æ, –∞–π—Ñ–æ–Ω—ã –Ω–∞ –ø–æ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∫–∞—Ö
–ü–ª—é—Å—ã –Ω–∞–º–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–≤–µ—à–∏–≤–∞—é—Ç –º–∏–Ω—É—Å—ã.

–ü–ª—é—Å—ã . –ï—Å—Ç—å –º–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–µ–∏–º—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –ø–æ —Å—Ä–∞–≤–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—é —Å –¥—Ä—É–≥–∏–º–∏ —è–∑—ã–∫–∞–º–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è. –í–æ-–ø–µ—Ä–≤—ã—Ö, –æ–Ω–∏ —Å –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã—Ç—ã–º –∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—ã–º –∫–æ–¥–æ–º. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è–º —Å–æ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –º–∏—Ä–∞ –ø—Ä–∏—Å–æ–µ–¥–∏–Ω–∏—Ç—å—Å—è –∫ –ø—Ä–æ—Ü–µ—Å—Å—É —É–ª—É—á—à–µ–Ω–∏—è. –î—Ä—É–≥–∏–µ –ø–ª—é—Å—ã –≤–∫–ª—é—á–∞—é—Ç:

  • –ù–µ —Ç—Ä–µ–±—É–µ—Ç—Å—è –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª—è—Ü–∏—è, —Ö–æ—Ç—è –∏–Ω–æ–≥–¥–∞ —ç—Ç–æ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ.
  • –õ–µ–≥–∫–æ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–æ—Å–∏—Ç—å –º–µ–∂–¥—É –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–æ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–∞–º–∏.
  • –Ø–∑—ã–∫–∏ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –¥–µ–ª–∞—é—Ç –ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç —Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ü—ã –≤—ã–≥–ª—è–¥—è—Ç –ø–æ—Ç—Ä—è—Å–∞—é—â–µ.
  • –õ–µ–≥—á–µ —É—á–∏—Ç—å—Å—è –∏ –ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å.
  • –°—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–∏ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤ –∫–∞—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–æ—Ç–∏–ø–∞ –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º, —á—Ç–æ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç —Å—ç–∫–æ–Ω–æ–º–∏—Ç—å –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –Ω–∞ —Ç–µ—Å—Ç–æ–≤—ã—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–∞—Ö.

–ú–∏–Ω—É—Å—ã . –£ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ –Ω–µ —Ç–∞–∫ –º–Ω–æ–≥–æ –º–∏–Ω—É—Å–æ–≤. –û–¥–Ω–∏–º –∏–∑ –Ω–µ–¥–æ—Å—Ç–∞—Ç–∫–æ–≤ —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Ç–æ—Ç —Ñ–∞–∫—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –∫–æ–º–ø–∞–Ω–∏–∏ –Ω–µ —Ö–æ—Ç—è—Ç, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–∏ –±—ã–ª–∏ –ø—Ä–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞–Ω—ã –≤—Å–µ–º–∏, –ø–æ—ç—Ç–æ–º—É –æ–Ω–∏ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–∏ –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ —Å–µ—Ä–≤–µ—Ä–∞, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –Ω–µ –ø—É–±–ª–∏–∫–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏—Ö. –ö—Ä–æ–º–µ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã-–∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –±—ã—Ç—å –ø—Ä–æ–±–ª–µ–º–æ–π. –ù–∞–∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü, –∏–Ω–æ–≥–¥–∞ —Å–∫—Ä–∏–ø—Ç—ã –º–µ–¥–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–µ–µ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º. & Nbsp;

–•–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ–±–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏–∑—É—á–∏—Ç—å —è–∑—ã–∫ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤?

 –ê—Å—Ñ–∞–ª—å—Ç —Å –Ω–∞–¥–ø–∏—Å—å—é —É –≤–∞—Å –µ—Å—Ç—å, —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤ –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ–±–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å
–ì–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ–±–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å? –¢—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏–ª —ç—Ç–æ.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ–±–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏–∑—É—á–∏—Ç—å —è–∑—ã–∫ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤, –æ–∑–Ω–∞–∫–æ–º—å—Ç–µ—Å—å —Å –Ω–∞—à–∏–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–æ–º –∏–∑ 17 —Å–∞–º—ã—Ö –ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç—ã—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º —è–∑—ã–∫–∏ –¥–ª—è –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è . –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ —Ç–æ—Ç, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤–∞—Å –∑–∞–∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–µ—Å—É–µ—Ç. –ú—ã –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ª–∞–≥–∞–µ–º –≤–∞–º –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ —Ç–æ—Ç, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç –¥–ª—è –≤–∞—Å —Å–º—ã—Å–ª, –ø—Ä–µ–∂–¥–µ —á–µ–º –≤—ã –æ—Ç–ø—Ä–∞–≤–∏—Ç–µ—Å—å –Ω–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –∫—É—Ä—Å –ø–æ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—é , –ø–æ—Å–≤—è—â–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–π —ç—Ç–æ–º—É —è–∑—ã–∫—É.

–ù–∞—á–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –∫—É—Ä—Å –ø–æ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—é —Ö–æ—Ä–æ—à —Ç–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–µ —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –Ω–∞—É—á–∏—Ç –≤–∞—Å –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å , –Ω–æ –∏ –ø–æ–¥–≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤–∏—Ç –≤–∞—Å –∫ –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–∞ –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π. –ë–æ–ª—å—à–∏–Ω—Å—Ç–≤–æ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã—Ö –∫—É—Ä—Å–æ–≤ –ø–æ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—é –¥–ª—è—Ç—Å—è –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ –≥–æ–¥–∞, –∏ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø—Ä–µ–¥–æ—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è—é—Ç —É—Å–ª—É–≥–∏ –ø–æ —Ä–∞–∑–≤–∏—Ç–∏—é –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—ã –∏ —Ä–∞–∑–ª–∏—á–Ω—ã–µ —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–±—ã –æ–ø–ª–∞—Ç—ã , –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è—é—Ç –≤—Å–µ —Ç–∏–ø—ã –ª—é–¥–µ–π, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –Ω–∞—á–∞—Ç—å –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É –≤ —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–æ–π –∏–Ω–¥—É—Å—Ç—Ä–∏–∏.

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–ò–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ —è–∑—ã–∫–∞ —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–µ–≤ - —ç—Ç–æ —Å–∞–º—ã–π –ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç–æ–π —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–± –ø–æ–≥—Ä—É–∑–∏—Ç—å—Å—è –≤ –º–∏—Ä –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è. –°—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç –º–Ω–æ–∂–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Ä–µ—Å—É—Ä—Å–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥—É—Ç –≤–∞–º –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ–±–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∫–∞–∂–¥—ã–π –∏–∑ –Ω–∏—Ö, –ø–æ–∫–∞ –≤—ã –Ω–µ –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ—Ç–µ —Ç–æ—Ç, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤–∞–º –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç. –ü—Ä–æ—Å—Ç–æ –Ω–µ –∑–∞–±—ã–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ –º–µ–¥–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ, –ø—Ä–æ—è–≤–ª—è—Ç—å —Ç–µ—Ä–ø–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏ —Å—Ç—Ä–µ–º–∏—Ç—å—Å—è –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞—Ç—å —Å –Ω–µ–±–æ–ª—å—à–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–æ–≤, –∞ –Ω–µ —Å –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏—Ö. –í—ã –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ—Ç–µ —Å–≤–æ—é –Ω–∏—à—É.

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