Запись в файл Python: руководство

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è open () –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–µ –≤ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–∏–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –í—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª—ã " w & rdquo ;, " a & rdquo ;, " r + & rdquo ;, " a + " –∏–ª–∏ " x " —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤—ã–µ —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º—ã –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–∞ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –ù–∞–∏–±–æ–ª–µ–µ —Ä–∞—Å–ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω–µ–Ω—ã —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤—ã–µ —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º—ã " w " –∏ " a & rdquo ;. –≠—Ç–∏ —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º—ã –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞—é—Ç –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª –∏ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è—é—Ç –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ.

–í–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –≤–Ω–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –∏–∑–º–µ–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª? Python –ø–æ–º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –≤ –Ω–æ–≤—ã–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª –∏–ª–∏ –∏–∑–º–µ–Ω–∏—Ç—å —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–∏–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–µ, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –≤–≤–æ–¥–∞-–≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∞ Python.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –º—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –æ–±—Å—É–¥–∏—Ç—å, –∫–∞–∫ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª –≤ Python. –ú—ã —Ä–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø—Ä–æ–∏–ª–ª—é—Å—Ç—Ä–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å, –∫–∞–∫ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—å –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—á–Ω–µ–º!

–ö–∞–∫ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª –Ω–∞ Python

–í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª –Ω–∞ Python, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è open () . –í—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å –ª–∏–±–æ " w " –∏–ª–∏ " a " –∫–∞–∫ –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª. " w " –ø–µ—Ä–µ–∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–µ–µ —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞. " a " –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–µ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª.

–í Python –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –∫–∞–∫ –≤ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–æ–≤—ã–µ, —Ç–∞–∫ –∏ –≤ –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—ã. –í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –º—ã —Å–æ—Å—Ä–µ–¥–æ—Ç–æ—á–∏–º—Å—è –Ω–∞ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–æ–≤—ã—Ö —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞—Ö. –≠—Ç–æ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—ã –±–µ–∑ –∫–∞–∫–æ–π-–ª–∏–±–æ –∫–æ–Ω–∫—Ä–µ—Ç–Ω–æ–π –∫–æ–¥–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∫–∏, –ø–æ—ç—Ç–æ–º—É –∏—Ö –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã—Ç—å —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–æ–≤–æ–≥–æ —Ä–µ–¥–∞–∫—Ç–æ—Ä–∞. –ö —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–æ–≤—ã–º —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞–º –æ—Ç–Ω–æ—Å—è—Ç—Å—è —Ñ–∞–π–ª—ã .csv, .txt –∏ .md.

–ù–µ—Ç –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ—Å—Ç–∏ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∫–∞–∫—É—é-–ª–∏–±–æ –≤–Ω–µ—à–Ω—é—é –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫—É –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª –Ω–∞ Python. –Ø–∑—ã–∫ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è Python –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–π –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª.

–û—Ç–∫—Ä—ã—Ç—å —Ñ–∞–π–ª –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏

–ü—Ä–µ–∂–¥–µ —á–µ–º –º—ã —Å–º–æ–∂–µ–º –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª, –Ω–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å, –∫–∞–∫ –µ–≥–æ –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã—Ç—å. –î–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –∏–Ω–≥—Ä–µ–¥–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ –¥–ª—è –ª–µ–ø–µ—à–∫–∏ –≤ –≤–∏–¥–µ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞. –ú—ã –Ω–∞—á–Ω–µ–º —Å –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã—Ç–∏—è —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ —Å –∏–º–µ–Ω–µ–º scone.txt —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–º –æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–º:

scone_file = open (" scone.txt & rdquo ;, " w ")

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –±—É—Ç–∫–µ–º–ø–∞ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ç—Ä—É–¥–æ—É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∞ –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–∏—Ö —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π. –ü–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≥–ª–∞—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –∫—É—Ä—Å —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—É—é –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–ú—ã –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã–ª–∏ –Ω–∞—à—É —Å—Ç–æ–ª–æ–≤—É—é. .txt –≤ —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º–µ w. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª, —Å –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ–º. –ï—Å—Ç—å –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —Ä–∞–∑–ª–∏—á–Ω—ã—Ö —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å. –í–æ—Ç —Ç–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –Ω–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω—ã –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏:

  • w: —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º –ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –û–Ω —Å—Ç–∏—Ä–∞–µ—Ç —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ –∏ —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–æ–≤–æ–µ.
  • a: —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –∏–Ω—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ü–∏—é –≤ –∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞.
  • r +: —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º —á–∏—Ç–∞—Ç—å –∏–Ω—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ü–∏—é –∏–∑ –∏ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª.
  • a +: —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è—Ç—å –∏–Ω—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ü–∏—é –≤ –∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ –∏ —á–∏—Ç–∞—Ç—å —Ñ–∞–π–ª.
  • x: —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–µ—Ç —Ñ–∞–π–ª, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –æ–Ω –Ω–µ —É–∂–µ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ.

–ö–æ–≥–¥–∞ –≤—ã –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª –≤ Python, –≤–∞–º –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ –∑–∞–∫—Ä—ã—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∑–∂–µ. –í –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ Python –∞–≤—Ç–æ–º–∞—Ç–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏ –∑–∞–∫—Ä–æ–µ—Ç –∏ —É–¥–∞–ª–∏—Ç —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –õ—É—á—à–∏–π —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–± –∑–∞–∫—Ä—ã—Ç—å —Ñ–∞–π–ª –≤—ã —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç–µ –∞–≤—Ç–æ–º–∞—Ç–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä with:

Python –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞–µ–º –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª

–ú—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞—á–∞—Ç—å –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è—Ç—å –∏–Ω–≥—Ä–µ–¥–∏–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –¥–ª—è –Ω–∞—à–µ–π scone –≤ –Ω–∞—à —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –¥–ª—è —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é write (). –û–Ω–∞ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –≤–∞–º–∏ —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª—ã –≤ –∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞.

–ö–æ–≥–¥–∞ –≤—ã —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–µ—Ç–µ –Ω–æ–≤—ã–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤—ã–π –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç, –Ω–æ–≤—ã–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª –±—É–¥–µ—Ç —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –æ–Ω –µ—â–µ –Ω–µ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç. –ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º " w " –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏ –≤ –Ω–∞—à —Ñ–∞–π–ª scones.txt, –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω –≤ –Ω–∞—Å—Ç–æ—è—â–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –Ω–µ —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏—Ç –Ω–∏–∫–∞–∫–æ–π –∏–Ω—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ü–∏–∏ mation.

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏–º —Ç—Ä–∏ –∫–æ–º–ø–æ–Ω–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ –Ω–∞—à —Ñ–∞–π–ª scones.txt:

–ü—Ä–∏ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–∏ —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞ –≤ scone.txt –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è —Ç—Ä–∏ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∏ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–∞. –ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ " " —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª—ã –≤ –∫–æ–Ω—Ü–µ –∫–∞–∂–¥–æ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∏, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å, —á—Ç–æ –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–µ –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–ª–∏—Å—å –Ω–æ–≤—ã–µ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∏ . –û–Ω–∏ –Ω–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞—é—Ç—Å—è —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª–∞–º–∏ –Ω–æ–≤–æ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∏ –∏ –ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞—é—Ç —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–µ.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –º—ã –Ω–µ —É–∫–∞–∂–µ–º —ç—Ç–∏ —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª—ã, –≤–µ—Å—å –Ω–∞—à —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω –≤ –æ–¥–Ω–æ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ.

–ü—É—Å—Ç—å " s –æ—Ç–∫—Ä–æ–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—à —Ñ–∞–π–ª scones.txt:

350 –≥ —Å–∞–º–æ–ø–æ–¥–Ω–∏–º–∞—é—â–µ–π—Å—è –º—É–∫–∏

1 —á–∞–π–Ω–∞—è –ª–æ–∂–∫–∞ —Ä–∞–∑—Ä—ã—Ö–ª–∏—Ç–µ–ª—è

85 –≥ —Å–ª–∏–≤–æ—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –º–∞—Å–ª–∞

–í –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Ñ–∞–π–ª–µ —Ç—Ä–∏ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∏ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–∞! –¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –Ω–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å –µ—â–µ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –∏–Ω–≥—Ä–µ–¥–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤. –ß—Ç–æ–±—ã –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å –∏—Ö, –º—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à —Ñ–∞–π–ª –≤ —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º–µ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –º—ã –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã–ª–∏ –Ω–∞—à —Ñ–∞–π–ª –≤ —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º–µ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏, –Ω–æ–≤—ã–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª –±—É–¥–µ—Ç —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω. –ú—ã –ø–æ—Ç–µ—Ä—è–µ–º –∏–Ω–≥—Ä–µ–¥–∏–µ–Ω—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ —É–∂–µ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏–ª–∏ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –æ—Ç–∫—Ä–æ–µ–º —Ñ–∞–π–ª:

–≠—Ç–æ—Ç –∫–æ–¥ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç —Ç—Ä–∏ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–∞ –≤ scones.txt:

350 –≥ —Å–∞–º–æ–ø–æ–¥–Ω–∏–º–∞—é—â–µ–π—Å—è –º—É–∫–∏

1 —á–∞–π–Ω–∞—è –ª–æ–∂–∫–∞ —Ä–∞–∑—Ä—ã—Ö–ª–∏—Ç–µ–ª—è

85 –≥ —Å–ª–∏–≤–æ—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –º–∞—Å–ª–∞

3 —Å—Ç–æ–ª–æ–≤—ã–µ –ª–æ–∂–∫–∏ –∑–∞–∫–ª–∏–Ω–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è —Å–∞—Ö–∞—Ä

"–ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–∞ –ö–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —è –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–µ–π –Ω—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∞—Å—å, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –º–Ω–µ –ø—Ä–æ–π—Ç–∏ –∫—É—Ä—Å –±—É—Ç–∫–µ–º–ø–∞. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ —è –Ω–∞—à–ª–∞ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∞ –º–æ–∏–º —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏! "

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç –≤ Rockbot

< p> 175 –º–ª –º–æ–ª–æ–∫–∞

1 —á–∞–π–Ω–∞—è –ª–æ–∂–∫–∞ –≤–∞–Ω–∏–ª—å–Ω–æ–≥–æ —ç–∫—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–∫—Ç–∞

–ú—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞–ª–∏ —ç—Ç–æ! –ú—ã –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏–ª–∏ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç –≤ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–æ–≤—ã–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª –Ω–∞ Python.

Python Write to an Existing –§–∞–π–ª

–í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–∏–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ open () –∏ –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä–∞ " a & rdquo ;. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –≤ –∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞.

–≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ —É –≤–∞—Å –Ω–µ—Ç –≤–æ–∑–º–æ–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç–∏ —Ä–µ–¥–∞–∫—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–∏–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤—ã–µ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–∏ Python. –ï—Å—Ç—å –æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–Ω–æ–π –ø—É—Ç—å, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞—Ç—å. –≠—Ç–æ –≤–∫–ª—é—á–∞–µ—Ç —á—Ç–µ–Ω–∏–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –∏ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–µ –∏–∑–º–µ–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ –µ–≥–æ —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–≥–æ.

–ù–µ—Ç –æ–≥—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—á–µ–Ω–∏–π –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —á–∏—Ç–∞—Ç—å –∏ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—ã –≤ Python. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–æ–≤—ã–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –í—ã –Ω–µ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª —Ü–µ–ª—ã–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞, —á–∏—Å–ª–∞ —Å –ø–ª–∞–≤–∞—é—â–µ–π –∑–∞–ø—è—Ç–æ–π –∏–ª–∏ –¥—Ä—É–≥–∏–µ —Ç–∏–ø—ã –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö. .

–î–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å " Scone –ò–Ω–≥—Ä–µ–¥–∏–µ–Ω—Ç—ã " –≤–≤–µ—Ä—Ö—É –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞ –∏–Ω–≥—Ä–µ–¥–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤. –ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ, –ø—Ä–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞–≤ –Ω–∞—à–∏ –∏–Ω–≥—Ä–µ–¥–∏–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫, –∞ –∑–∞—Ç–µ–º –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏–≤ –Ω–∞—à—É –Ω–æ–≤—É—é —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–∞ –≤ –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–æ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é insert ().

–ü–æ–¥–≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª < / h3>

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è insert () –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –¥–≤–∞ –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä–∞. –°–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—É—é –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –≤—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫. –†–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º —ç—Ç–æ—Ç –∫–æ–¥:

–ú—ã –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∏ —Å –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã—Ç–∏—è –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ –≤ " read " —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º. –ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é readlines () –¥–ª—è –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–≥–æ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–µ–≥–æ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞. –≠—Ç–æ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Ñ–∞–π–ª–µ. –ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é insert (), —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å " Scone Ingredients " –≤ –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ 0 –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞.

Python –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏ –≤ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–æ–≤—ã–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª

–ü–æ—Å–ª–µ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –∫–∞–∫ –º—ã –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏–ª–∏ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å, –º—ã –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞–µ–º –≤—Å–µ —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–µ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º .join () —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞–µ–º —ç—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª.

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –æ—Ç–∫—Ä–æ–µ–º –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ scone.txt:

Scone Ingredients

350g self- –º—É–∫–∞ –¥–ª—è –≤—ã—Ä–∞—â–∏–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è

1 —á–∞–π–Ω–∞—è –ª–æ–∂–∫–∞ —Ä–∞–∑—Ä—ã—Ö–ª–∏—Ç–µ–ª—è

85 –≥ —Å–ª–∏–≤–æ—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –º–∞—Å–ª–∞

3 —Å—Ç–æ–ª–æ–≤—ã–µ –ª–æ–∂–∫–∏ —Å–∞—Ö–∞—Ä–Ω–æ–π –ø—É–¥—Ä—ã

175 –º–ª –º–æ–ª–æ–∫–∞

1 tsp vanilla extract

–¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –Ω–∞—à —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å " Scone Ingredients "

–¢–æ—á–Ω–æ —Ç–∞–∫ –∂–µ –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º —Ä–µ–¥–∞–∫—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞. –î–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º —É–≤–µ–ª–∏—á—å—Ç–µ –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ –º–∞—Å–ª–∞ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Ä–µ—Ü–µ–ø—Ç–µ –¥–æ 95 –≥. –≠—Ç–æ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞:

–ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—å –≤ –∫–≤–∞–¥—Ä–∞—Ç–Ω—ã—Ö —Å–∫–æ–±–∫–∞—Ö, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –∏–∑–º–µ–Ω–∏—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–∏ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ 3 –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ –∏–Ω–≥—Ä–µ–¥–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤. –≠—Ç–æ—Ç —Ç–æ–≤–∞—Ä —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç –Ω–∞—à–µ–º—É "—Å–ª–∏–≤–æ—á–Ω–æ–º—É –º–∞—Å–ª—É". –∏–Ω–≥—Ä–µ–¥–∏–µ–Ω—Ç.

–ú—ã —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞–µ–º –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤ —ç—Ç–æ–π –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–∏ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ –Ω–∞ " 95 –≥ " –º–∞—Å–ª–∞. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞–µ–º –∏—Å–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ –æ–±—Ä–∞—Ç–Ω–æ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª –≤ —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º–µ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏. –ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–ò–Ω–≥—Ä–µ–¥–∏–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –¥–ª—è –ª–µ–ø–µ—à–µ–∫

350 –≥ –º—É–∫–∏ —Å–∞–º–æ–ø–æ–¥–Ω–∏–º–∞–Ω–∏—è

1 —á–∞–π–Ω–∞—è –ª–æ–∂–∫–∞ —Ä–∞–∑—Ä—ã—Ö–ª–∏—Ç–µ–ª—è

95 –≥ —Å–ª–∏–≤–æ—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –º–∞—Å–ª–∞

< p> 3 —Å—Ç–æ–ª–æ–≤—ã–µ –ª–æ–∂–∫–∏ —Å–∞—Ö–∞—Ä–Ω–æ–π –ø—É–¥—Ä—ã

175 –º–ª –º–æ–ª–æ–∫–∞

1 —á–∞–π–Ω–∞—è –ª–æ–∂–∫–∞ –≤–∞–Ω–∏–ª—å–Ω–æ–≥–æ —ç–∫—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–∫—Ç–∞

–í –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Ä–µ—Ü–µ–ø—Ç–µ —Ç–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏—Ç—Å—è " 95 –≥ –º–∞—Å–ª–∞ " –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–æ " 85 –≥ –º–∞—Å–ª–∞ "

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —á–∏—Ç–∞—Ç—å –∏ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–∞ open (). –î–≤–∞ –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–Ω—ã—Ö —Ä–µ–∂–∏–º–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã –±—É–¥–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∏ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª, - —ç—Ç–æ & ‚Äã‚Äãldquo; a " –∏ " w ", —á—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç " –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å " –∏ " write " —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ.

–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –æ Python, –ø—Ä–æ—á—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ –ø–æ–ª–Ω–æ–µ —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ –ø–æ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—é –Ω–∞ Python .

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