Как использовать модуль времени Python

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–ú–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ Python –ø—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç—ã –Ω–∞ –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –≤ Python. –†–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—á–∏–∫–∏ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é time (), –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –∫–∞–∫ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—É—é –º–µ—Ç–∫—É UNIX. –§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è ctime () –ø–µ—Ä–µ–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç –º–µ—Ç–∫—É –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ UNIX –≤ —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–¥–∞—Ä—Ç–Ω—ã–π —Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç –≥–æ–¥–∞, –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞, –¥–Ω—è –∏ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏.

–†–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞ —Å–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–µ–º - –Ω–µ–æ—Ç—ä–µ–º–ª–µ–º–∞—è —á–∞—Å—Ç—å –º–Ω–æ–≥–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º. –ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, —á—Ç–æ –≤—ã —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–µ—Ç–µ —Ñ–æ—Ä–º—É —Ä–µ–≥–∏—Å—Ç—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–∏ –¥–ª—è –≤–µ–±-—Å–∞–π—Ç–∞. –í–æ–∑–º–æ–∂–Ω–æ, –≤—ã –∑–∞—Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –∑–∞—Ä–µ–≥–∏—Å—Ç—Ä–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–ª—Å—è –Ω–∞ –≤–∞—à–µ–º —Å–∞–π—Ç–µ.

–í–æ—Ç –≥–¥–µ –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ Python. –ú–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—Ç—å —Å–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–µ–º –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–º Python –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å —Ç–∞–∫–∏–µ –¥–µ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∏—è, –∫–∞–∫ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–≥–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –∏ —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω–∏–µ –ø–∞—É–∑—ã –≤ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ —Å–æ —Å—Å—ã–ª–∫–æ–π –Ω–∞ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—ã –±—É–¥—É—Ç –æ–±—Å—É–∂–¥–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤—ã –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ Python –∏ —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–±—ã –µ–≥–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è.

–ò–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ Python

–ú–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç —Ä—è–¥ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–π, —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö —Å–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–µ–º, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —Ä–µ–∞–ª–∏–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞—Ö Python. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –≤–æ –≤—Å–µ—Ö –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏—è—Ö Python. & Nbsp;

–ü—Ä–µ–∂–¥–µ —á–µ–º –º—ã –æ–±—Å—É–¥–∏–º, –∫–∞–∫ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏, –Ω–∞–º —Å–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–∞—à—É –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É. –≠—Ç–æ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ Python :

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è Python time ()

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è Python time () –∏–∑–≤–ª–µ–∫–∞–µ—Ç —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è. –í—Ä–µ–º—è –ø—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–æ –∫–∞–∫ –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Å–µ–∫—É–Ω–¥ —Å 1 —è–Ω–≤–∞—Ä—è 1970 –≥–æ–¥–∞. –≠—Ç–æ —Ç–æ—á–∫–∞, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤—Ä–µ–º—è UNIX, —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –Ω–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ–º–∞—è " —ç–ø–æ—Ö–æ–π "

–ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –≤ —ç—Ç–æ–º –º–æ–º–µ–Ω—Ç. –ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —ç—Ç–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã:

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ç—Ä—É–¥–æ—É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∞ –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–∏—Ö —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –ø–æ—Å–µ—â–µ–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è. –ù–∞–π–¥–∏—Ç–µ –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥ –∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–º—É –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—é —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—É—é –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–û–±—Ä–∞—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –≤–Ω–∏–º–∞–Ω–∏–µ, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –Ω–µ –≤–µ—Ä–Ω—É–ª–∞ —Ä–µ–≥—É–ª—è—Ä–Ω–æ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è, –Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä –∫–∞–∫ 10:30. –ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤–µ—Ä–Ω—É–ª–∞ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ —Å –ø–ª–∞–≤–∞—é—â–µ–π –∑–∞–ø—è—Ç–æ–π (–¥—Ä—É–≥–∏–º–∏ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞–º–∏, –¥–µ—Å—è—Ç–∏—á–Ω–æ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ).

–≠—Ç–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ —Å –ø–ª–∞–≤–∞—é—â–µ–π –∑–∞–ø—è—Ç–æ–π - –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Å–µ–∫—É–Ω–¥ —Å –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∏. –ú—ã –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∏–ª–∏ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª—å —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–∫—Ü–∏–∏ print .

–í –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–∏ —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∞ - —ç—Ç–æ —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–¥–∞—Ä—Ç–Ω—ã–π —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–± –ø—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏. –ú–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –Ω–µ –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω —É—á–∏—Ç—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å —á–∞—Å–æ–≤—ã–µ –ø–æ—è—Å–∞.

–≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É, —á—Ç–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∏ —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Å–µ–∫—É–Ω–¥, –ø—Ä–æ—à–µ–¥—à–∏—Ö —Å –≤—ã—à–µ—É–ø–æ–º—è–Ω—É—Ç–æ–π –¥–∞—Ç—ã –∏ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏. –î–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –æ —á–∞—Å–æ–≤–æ–º –ø–æ—è—Å–µ –Ω–µ —Å–æ—Ö—Ä–∞–Ω—è—é—Ç—Å—è, –Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä –í—Å–µ–º–∏—Ä–Ω–æ–µ –∫–æ–æ—Ä–¥–∏–Ω–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è, –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–µ —Å–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ–º —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∏.

Python –ü–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é ctime ()

–í—Ä–µ–º—è —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∏ –Ω–µ —á–∏—Ç–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏–Ω—Å—Ç–≤–æ–º –ª—é–¥–µ–π. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —Å–æ–≥–ª–∞—Å–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –æ—Ç —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∏ –∫ –º–µ—Å—Ç–Ω–æ–º—É –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é Python —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è ctime ().

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è ctime () –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –æ–¥–∏–Ω –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç. –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç –ø—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç —Å–æ–±–æ–π –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Å–µ–∫—É–Ω–¥ —Å –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∏ –∏ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É —Å –ø–æ –º–µ—Å—Ç–Ω–æ–º—É –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏. –≠—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–∞–Ω–æ –Ω–∞ —á–∞—Å–æ–≤–æ–º –ø–æ—è—Å–µ –∫–æ–º–ø—å—é—Ç–µ—Ä–∞.

–ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —á–∏—Å–ª–æ —Å –ø–ª–∞–≤–∞—é—â–µ–π –∑–∞–ø—è—Ç–æ–π –∏–∑ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π –ø—Ä–µ–¥—ã–¥—É—â–µ–π —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∏ –≤ –º–µ—Ç–∫—É –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏. –≠—Ç–æ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —ç—Ç–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –≤—Ä–µ–º—è:

–°–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –º—ã –æ–±—ä—è–≤–∏–ª–∏ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—É—é Python —Å –∏–º–µ–Ω–µ–º epoch_time. –≠—Ç–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–∞—è —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç –º–µ—Ç–∫—É –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∏.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ time.ctime () –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –º–µ—Ç–∫–∏ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –≤ –º–µ—Å—Ç–Ω–æ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è. –í —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞ –º—ã –Ω–∞–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞–ª–∏ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –ú–µ—Å—Ç–Ω–æ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è:, –∑–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç –º–µ—Å—Ç–Ω–æ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è. –ö—Ä–æ–º–µ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –∑–∞–ø—è—Ç–∞—è –º–µ–∂–¥—É –º–µ—Å—Ç–Ω—ã–º –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–µ–º: –∏ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π local_time –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –ø—Ä–æ–±–µ–ª –º–µ–∂–¥—É –¥–≤—É–º—è –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è–º–∏.

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è –æ–∂–∏–¥–∞–Ω–∏—è –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ Python

–û–¥–Ω–æ–π –∏–∑ –Ω–∞–∏–±–æ–ª–µ–µ —Ä–∞—Å–ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω–µ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–π –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ Python —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è time.sleep (). time.sleep () –ø—Ä–∏–æ—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã –Ω–∞ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Å–µ–∫—É–Ω–¥.

–ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º —Ä–∞—Å–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞—Ç—å —Ñ—Ä–∞–∑—É " –í—ã—Ö–æ–¥ –∏–∑ —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º—ã & hellip; & rdquo ;, –∑–∞—Ç–µ–º –ø–æ–¥–æ–∂–¥–∏—Ç–µ —Ç—Ä–∏ —Å–µ–∫—É–Ω–¥—ã –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥ –ø–µ—á–∞—Ç—å—é " –í—ã—Ö–æ–¥ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω —É—Å–ø–µ—à–Ω–æ! " –∫ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª–∏. –ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞:

–í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞:

  • " –í—ã—Ö–æ–¥ –∏–∑ —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º—ã & hellip; " –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª—å.
  • –ü—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –ø—Ä–∏–æ—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞ 3 —Å–µ–∫—É–Ω–¥—ã.
  • " –í—ã—Ö–æ–¥ –∏–∑ —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º—ã –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω —É—Å–ø–µ—à–Ω–æ! " –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª—å.

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è time.sleep () –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è —Å –ø–ª–∞–≤–∞—é—â–µ–π –∑–∞–ø—è—Ç–æ–π (–¥–µ—Å—è—Ç–∏—á–Ω—ã–µ) –∏–ª–∏ —Ü–µ–ª—ã–µ (—Ü–µ–ª—ã–µ) —á–∏—Å–ª–∞. –µ—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –ø—Ä–∏–æ—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞–ª–∞—Å—å –Ω–∞ 3,7 —Å–µ–∫—É–Ω–¥—ã, –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ, —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–≤ 3,7 –≤ –∫–∞—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä–∞. –í –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–µ –≤—ã—à–µ –º—ã —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–ª–∏ 3.

Python struct_time Object

–ë–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∞ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ Python " s struct_time odatetime bject —Å—Ç—Ä—É–∫—Ç—É—Ä–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç –Ω–µ—ç–ø–æ—Ö–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –º–µ—Ç–∫–∏. –û–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç struct_time –ø–æ–ª–µ–∑–µ–Ω, –ø–æ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫—É –æ–Ω –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—Ç—å —Å–æ —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–¥–∞—Ä—Ç–∏–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–π —Ñ–æ—Ä–º–æ–π, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –≤—ã " –ø–æ–≤—Ç–æ—Ä–Ω–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –º–µ—Ç–∫–∏.

–í–æ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–∞ struct_time –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—å:

  • tm_year: –≥–æ–¥
  • tm_mon: month
  • tm_mday: –¥–µ–Ω—å –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞
  • tm_hour: —á–∞—Å < / li>
  • tm_min: minute
  • tm_sec: second
  • tm_wday: –¥–µ–Ω—å –Ω–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏ (0 - –ø–æ–Ω–µ–¥–µ–ª—å–Ω–∏–∫)
  • tm_yday: –¥–µ–Ω—å –≥–æ–¥–∞
  • tm_isdst: –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –≤ –ª–µ—Ç–Ω–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è

–ú—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø –∫–æ –≤—Å–µ–º —ç—Ç–∏–º –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç–∞–º —á–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç struct_time. –ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç—ã struct_time –≤ –Ω–∞—à–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–∞—Ö –Ω–∏–∂–µ.

"–ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–∞ –ö–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —è –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–µ–π –Ω—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∞—Å—å, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –º–Ω–µ —Å—ã–≥—Ä–∞—Ç—å –≤ –±—É—Ç–∫–µ–º–ø–µ. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ —è –Ω–∞—à–ª–∞ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∞ –º–æ–∏–º —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏! "

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç –≤ Rockbot

< p> –¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, —á—Ç–æ –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤—Ä–µ–º—è —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∏ –≤ –º–µ—Å—Ç–Ω–æ–µ –∏ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å —Ä–µ–∑—É–ª—å—Ç–∞—Ç, –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞—é—â–∏–π –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç struct_time. –ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è –ª–∏–±–æ localtime (), –ª–∏–±–æ gmtime () functions. & nbsp;

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è localtime () –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –≤—Ä–µ–º—è —ç–ø–æ—Ö–∏ –∏ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç struct_time.

–ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–∏–π –¥–µ–Ω—å –Ω–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏ –∏ –º–∏–Ω—É—Ç—É —á–∞—Å–∞. –≠—Ç–æ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —ç—Ç–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–í –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ gmtime () –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–æ localtime () –¥–ª—è —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω–∏—è –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–∞ struct_time. –ú—ã –ø—Ä–∏—Å–≤–æ–∏–ª–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–∞ gmtime () –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π current_time.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –≤—ã–≤–µ–ª–∏ –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª—å —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É Python –ú–µ—Å—è—Ü –≥–æ–¥–∞:, –∑–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–∏–π –º–µ—Å—è—Ü –≤ –≥–æ–¥—É. –≠—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ —Å–æ—Ö—Ä–∞–Ω—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–∏ tm_mon –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–µ current_time.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –≤—ã–≤–µ–ª–∏ –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª—å –î–µ–Ω—å –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞:, –∑–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–∏–π –¥–µ–Ω—å –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞. . –≠—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –≤ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–∏ tm_mday –≤ –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–µ current_time.

Python time.asctime ()

–ü–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä asctime () –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑—É–µ—Ç –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç struct_time –≤ —Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω—É—é —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É. –†–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä:

–ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–µ –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é localtime () –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è ert epoch time –≤ –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç struct_time. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º asctime () –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–∞ struct_time –≤ –ø–æ–ª–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å—é –æ—Ç—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω—É—é —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É, –ø—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è—é—â—É—é —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è.

–≠—Ç–∞ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∞ –Ω–∞–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π formatted_time . –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞–µ–º –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –¢–µ–∫—É—â–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è:, –∑–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –≤ —Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–µ.

time.strftime ()

strftime ( ) —Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤ –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–µ struct_time –≤ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—É—é —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É. & nbsp;

–ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, —á—Ç–æ –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –ø—Ä–µ–≤—Ä–∞—Ç–∏—Ç—å struct_time –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–≥–æ —Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–∞: –ú–ï–°–Ø–¶ / –î–ï–ù–¨ / –ì–û–î. –ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π –∫–æ–¥:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–ú—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫—É –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ localtime () –¥–ª—è —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω–∏—è –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–∞ struct_time, –æ—Ç—Ä–∞–∂–∞—é—â–µ–≥–æ —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ strftime () –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–∞ struct_time –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –ø–æ–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç –º–µ—Å—è—Ü, –¥–µ–Ω—å –∏ –≥–æ–¥.

–ù–∞–∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü, –º—ã —Ä–∞—Å–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞–ª–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–∞ final_time. –í —ç—Ç–æ–º –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞—à–µ —Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–µ:

  • % m –æ–±–æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç –º–µ—Å—è—Ü
  • % d –æ–±–æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç –¥–µ–Ω—å –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞
  • % Y –æ–±–æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç –≥–æ–¥

–í–æ—Ç –µ—â–µ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–µ–π strftime:

  • % H –æ–±–æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç —á–∞—Å –¥–Ω—è
  • % M –æ–±–æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç –º–∏–Ω—É—Ç—É —á–∞—Å–∞
  • % S –æ–±–æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç —Å–µ–∫—É–Ω–¥—ã –º–∏–Ω—É—Ç—ã

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

< p> –ú–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ Python –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—Ç—å —Å–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–µ–º –≤ –∫–æ–¥–µ Python. –ú–æ–¥—É–ª—å –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç —Ä—è–¥ —Ä–∞–∑–ª–∏—á–Ω—ã—Ö —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–π.

–í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏—Ö –¥–ª—è –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–≥–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏, –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –º–µ–∂–¥—É —ç–ø–æ—Ö–æ–π –∏ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–¥–æ–±–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞–µ–º—ã–º–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è–º–∏, –ø—Ä–∏–æ—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã, —Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–≥–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –∏ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è –¥—Ä—É–≥–∏—Ö –∑–∞–¥–∞—á. .

–ü—Ä–æ—á—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ –ø–æ –ö–æ–¥–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—é –Ω–∞ Python , —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å —Å–æ–≤–µ—Ç—ã –∏ —Ä–µ–∫–æ–º–µ–Ω–¥–∞—Ü–∏–∏ –æ —Ç–æ–º, –∫–∞–∫ —É–ª—É—á—à–∏—Ç—å —Å–≤–æ–∏ –∑–Ω–∞–Ω–∏—è Python. —è–∑—ã–∫ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è.

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