Заявление о переключении Python: практическое руководство

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–í –æ—Ç–ª–∏—á–∏–µ –æ—Ç Java –∏–ª–∏ C # , Python –Ω–µ –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ switch. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –≤—ã –Ω–µ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –æ—Ü–µ–Ω–∏—Ç—å –≤—ã—Ä–∞–∂–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–∫–ª—é—á–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –±–µ–∑ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–∏—è —Å–æ–±—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞, –∏–º–∏—Ç–∏—Ä—É—é—â–µ–≥–æ " switch & hellip; case " –∑–∞—è–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏–µ.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –º—ã –æ–±—Å—É–¥–∏–º, –∫–∞–∫ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å " switch & hellip; case " –≤ Python –∏ —Ä–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º –¥–≤–∞ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–∞ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ faux-switch, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –≤—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –Ω–∞—É—á–∏—Ç—å—Å—è –ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–µ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ.

–û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä—ã Switch: –æ–±–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä switch –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º –≤—ã–±–µ—Ä–∏—Ç–µ –æ–¥–∏–Ω –∏–∑ –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–∞ –∫–æ–¥–æ–≤—ã—Ö –±–ª–æ–∫–æ–≤ –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞. –≠—Ç–æ —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–± –æ—Ü–µ–Ω–∫–∏ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–∏—Ö –≤—ã—Ä–∞–∂–µ–Ω–∏–π –≤ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ.

–û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä switch —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç, –æ—Ü–µ–Ω–∏–≤–∞—è –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä switch –∏ —Å—Ä–∞–≤–Ω–∏–≤–∞—è —Ä–µ–∑—É–ª—å—Ç–∞—Ç —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ —Å–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è–º–∏ –≤ " case " –∑–∞—è–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è. –ï—Å–ª–∏ —Å–æ–≤–ø–∞–¥–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–Ω–æ, –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–∏–π –±–ª–æ–∫ –∫–æ–¥–∞. –í –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –Ω–∏—á–µ–≥–æ –Ω–µ –ø—Ä–æ–∏–∑–æ–π–¥–µ—Ç.

–ù–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ, " default " –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–µ —Å–ª–æ–≤–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç—Å—è –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ –±–ª–æ–∫–∞ –∫–æ–¥–∞, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –Ω–µ –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–Ω–æ –Ω–∏ –æ–¥–Ω–æ–≥–æ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞, —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–µ–≥–æ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–º—É –≤—ã—Ä–∞–∂–µ–Ω–∏—é.

–û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –ø–µ—Ä–µ–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏—è Python: –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—Ç –æ—Ç–¥–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã—Ö –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—à–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑—É–µ—Ç —á–∏—Å–ª–æ–≤–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –¥–Ω—è –Ω–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏.

–î–ª—è –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏—Ç–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å —á–∏—Å–ª–æ , –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –æ–Ω —Ö–æ—á–µ—Ç –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π –¥–µ–Ω—å:

–ú—ã –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑—É–µ–º –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤ –Ω–∞—à—É –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É, –≤ —Ü–µ–ª–æ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ. –ú—ã –æ–±—Å—É–¥–∏–º, –ø–æ—á–µ–º—É —ç—Ç–æ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ, –ø–æ–∑–∂–µ –≤ —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ.

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ç—Ä—É–¥–æ—É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∞ –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–∏—Ö —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –ø–æ—Å–µ—â–µ–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∫—É—Ä—Å–∞. –ü–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≥–ª–∞—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—å —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø—Ä–æ–≤–µ–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –≤ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–µ –ø–æ –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–Ω–æ–π –ª–µ—Å—Ç–Ω–∏—Ü–µ, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç—å —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—å . –≠—Ç–æ—Ç —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—å –±—É–¥–µ—Ç —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∞—Ç—å –≤—Å–µ –¥–Ω–∏ –Ω–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏. –ö–∞–∂–¥—ã–π –∫–ª—é—á –±—É–¥–µ—Ç —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—å –¥–µ–Ω—å –≤ –≤–∏–¥–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞, –∞ –∫–∞–∂–¥–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—å –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π –¥–µ–Ω—å (–Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–Ω–∏–∫):

–í –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä–µ —Å–µ–º—å –∫–ª—é—á–µ–π –∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π. –ö–ª—é—á " 1 " –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç " –ø–æ–Ω–µ–¥–µ–ª—å–Ω–∏–∫ " –∏ —Ç–∞–∫ –¥–∞–ª–µ–µ –¥–æ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–Ω–µ–≥–æ –¥–Ω—è –Ω–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—è get () –¥–ª—è –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–∞ –∫ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç—É –≤ —ç—Ç–æ–º —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—é a –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏–ª:

–ú—ã –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏–ª –≤ –Ω–∞—à—É –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É, –≤ —Ü–µ–ª–æ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –º—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º get (). –ï—Å–ª–∏ –Ω–µ—Ç –∫–ª—é—á–∞, —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—é, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—Å—è –≤ " convert_to_day & rdquo ;, –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç " –ù–µ—Ç –¥–Ω—è —Å —ç—Ç–∏–º —á–∏—Å–ª–æ–≤—ã–º –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ–º. "

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ " 1 ", –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –æ—Ü–µ–Ω–∏—Ç:

–≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–µ —Å –∫–ª—é—á–æ–º " 1 " –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –∏ –ø–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º, —á—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–æ–∏–∑–æ–π–¥–µ—Ç:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ —É—Å–ø–µ—à–Ω–æ –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑—É–µ—Ç —á–∏—Å–ª–æ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç, –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É. –î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤ –¥–µ–Ω—å, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≥–æ –Ω–µ—Ç –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä–µ:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç, –¥–∞–∂–µ –µ—Å–ª–∏ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –Ω–µ–¥–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ.

–û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –ø–µ—Ä–µ–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏—è Python: –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤ –§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏

–ú—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –¥–ª—è –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–π –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ . –ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞—Ç—å –ø—Ä–∏–ª–æ–∂–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –æ—Ç–æ–±—Ä–∞–∂–∞–µ—Ç –∏–Ω—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ü–∏—é –æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ –ø–æ–∫—É–ø–æ–∫ –≤ –º–∞–≥–∞–∑–∏–Ω–µ —Å—ç–Ω–¥–≤–∏—á–µ–π.

–°–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –¥–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –ø–æ–∫—É–ø–æ–∫:

–î–∞–ª–µ–µ , –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç–µ —Ç—Ä–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏. –≠—Ç–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ —Ä–∞—Å—Å—á–∏—Ç–∞—é—Ç:

  • –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ –ø–æ–∫—É–ø–æ–∫ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ;
  • —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω—é—é —Å—Ç–æ–∏–º–æ—Å—Ç—å –ø–æ–∫—É–ø–∫–∏;
  • —Å–∞–º—É—é –∫—Ä—É–ø–Ω—É—é –ø–æ–∫—É–ø–∫—É;

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏–º —ç—Ç–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏:

–¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –º—ã –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏–ª–∏ —ç—Ç–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, –ø—Ä–∏—Å—Ç—É–ø–∏–º –∫ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–∏—é –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ faux-switch. –ö–∞–∫ –∏ –≤ –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–µ, –º—ã –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞–µ–º —Å —Ç–æ–≥–æ, —á—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏–º –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ. –ó–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å, –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω–æ —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –æ–¥–Ω–æ–π –∏–∑ –Ω–∞—à–∏—Ö —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–π.

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç —Ç—Ä–∏ —Å–æ–æ–±—â–µ–Ω–∏—è. –ö–∞–∂–¥—ã–π –∏–Ω—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –æ –≤–æ–∑–º–æ–∂–Ω–æ–º –≤—ã–±–æ—Ä–µ. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ. –ú—ã –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑—É–µ–º —ç—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∑–∂–µ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç–µ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—å, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –æ—Ç–æ–±—Ä–∞–∂–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞—à–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –Ω–∞ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞:

–ó–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ " 1 " —Å–æ–ø–æ—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–æ —Å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–µ–π " number_of_purchases & rdquo ;, –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ " 2 " —Å–æ–ø–æ—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–æ —Å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–µ–π " average_value & rdquo ;, –∞ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ " 3 " —Å–æ–ø–æ—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–µ–π " large_purchase ".

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–π—Ç–µ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ get () —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –≤—ã–±—Ä–∞—Ç—å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—É—é –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω–∞ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞:

"–ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–Ω–∞—è –∫–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω—å —Ç–æ–≥–¥–∞, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —è –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–µ–π –Ω—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∞—Å—å, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –º–Ω–µ –ø—Ä–æ–π—Ç–∏ –∫—É—Ä—Å –æ–±—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ —è –Ω–∞—à–ª–∞ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∞ –º–æ–∏–º —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏! "

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç –≤ Rockbot

< p> –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –∫–æ–¥ –∏–∑–≤–ª–µ–∫–∞–µ—Ç —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é –∏–∑ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—è, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—É—é –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–∏—Ç—å. –ú—ã –Ω–µ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–ª–∏ –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–µ get (), –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –≤—ã–∑–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é –¥–ª—è —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –µ—Å–ª–∏ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –Ω–µ–¥–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –æ—à–∏–±–∫—É. –ï—Å—Ç—å —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–±—ã —Å–ø—Ä–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å—Å—è —Å —Ç–∞–∫–∏–º –ø–æ–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–∏–µ–º, –Ω–æ —ç—Ç–æ –≤—ã—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç –∑–∞ —Ä–∞–º–∫–∏ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–∞.

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ :

–ú—ã –≤—ã–±—Ä–∞–ª–∏ –≤–∞—Ä–∏–∞–Ω—Ç 3 –∏–∑ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞. –ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ —É—Å–ø–µ—à–Ω–æ —Ä–∞—Å–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç —Å–∞–º—É—é –±–æ–ª—å—à—É—é –ø–æ–∫—É–ø–∫–∞ —Å–æ–≤–µ—Ä—à–µ–Ω–∞ –≤ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–π –¥–µ–Ω—å. Let & rsq uo; s –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ–±—É–π—Ç–µ –≤—ã–±—Ä–∞—Ç—å –≤–∞—Ä–∏–∞–Ω—Ç 2:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø–æ–∫—É–ø–æ–∫ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–í —Ç–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –∫–∞–∫ Python –Ω–µ –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ –û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä switch, –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—å –∏ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ get ().

–û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä—ã Switch –ø–æ–ª–µ–∑–Ω—ã, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –æ—Ü–µ–Ω–∏—Ç—å –≤—ã—Ä–∞–∂–µ–Ω–∏–µ –¥–ª—è –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–∏—Ö –ø–æ—Ç–µ–Ω—Ü–∏–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã—Ö —Ä–µ–∑—É–ª—å—Ç–∞—Ç–æ–≤.

–í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä faux-switch, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –∏–∑–≤–ª–µ–∫–∞–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –∏–∑ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—è –≤ –∑–∞–≤–∏—Å–∏–º–æ—Å—Ç–∏ –æ—Ç —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ –≤–∞–º–∏ –∫–ª—é—á–∞. –í—ã —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä faux-switch, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –∏–∑–≤–ª–µ–∫–∞–µ—Ç —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é –∏–∑ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—è –Ω–∞ –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–µ –∫–æ–Ω–∫—Ä–µ—Ç–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∫–ª—é—á–∞, –Ω–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã —Å—Å—ã–ª–∞–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å.

–¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –≤—ã –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–≤–æ–∏ —Å–æ–±—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä—ã –ø–µ—Ä–µ–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤ –Ø–∑—ã–∫ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è Python –∫–∞–∫ –æ–ø—ã—Ç–Ω—ã–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç!

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