Python pip: полное руководство

–í—ã, –Ω–∞–≤–µ—Ä–Ω–æ–µ, –≤–∏–¥–µ–ª–∏ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥—É pip –≥–¥–µ-–Ω–∏–±—É–¥—å –≤ –¥–æ–∫—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞—Ü–∏–∏ Python. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞-–Ω–∏–±—É–¥—å —Å—Ç–∞–ª–∫–∏–≤–∞–ª–∏—Å—å —Å –∫–∞–∫–æ–π-–ª–∏–±–æ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–Ω–µ–π –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–æ–π –Ω–∞ Python, –≤—ã –∑–Ω–∞–µ—Ç–µ, —á—Ç–æ –≤ –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ —É–ø–æ–º–∏–Ω–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–∞ pip. –≠—Ç–∞ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–∞ –∏–≥—Ä–∞–µ—Ç –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤—É—é —Ä–æ–ª—å –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–µ: pip –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –∑–∞–≥—Ä—É–∂–∞—Ç—å –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç—ã –∏ —É–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª—è—Ç—å –∏–º–∏.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞-–ª–∏–±–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ –º–µ–Ω–µ–¥–∂–µ—Ä—ã –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –Ω–∞ –¥—Ä—É–≥–∏—Ö —è–∑—ã–∫–∞—Ö, –Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä npm –≤ JavaScript –∏–ª–∏ gem –≤ Ruby, –≤—ã —É–∂–µ –∑–Ω–∞–∫–æ–º—ã —Å –∫–æ–Ω—Ü–µ–ø—Ü–∏–µ–π —É–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞–º–∏. –ï–¥–∏–Ω—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–∞—è —Ü–µ–ª—å pip - –ø–æ–º–æ—á—å –≤–∞–º —É–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª—è—Ç—å –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞–º–∏ –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–µ Python.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –æ–±—Å—É–∂–¥–∞—Ç—å—Å—è, –∫–∞–∫ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç Python pip –¥–ª—è –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –∏ —É–¥–∞–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –∏–∑ –≤–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–∞ Python. –ú—ã —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ —Ä–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥—É—Ç –≤–∞–º –Ω–∞—á–∞—Ç—å —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å —ç—Ç–∏–º –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–º.

–ß—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ pip?

pip - —ç—Ç–æ —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–∞ —É–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞–º–∏, –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–Ω–∞—è –Ω–∞ Python. –≠—Ç–æ –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–∞–µ—Ç —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏ —É–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª—è—Ç—å —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–Ω–∏–º–∏ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∞–º–∏ –∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞–º–∏. –ò–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç pip —á—Ä–µ–∑–≤—ã—á–∞–π–Ω–æ –≤–∞–∂–µ–Ω –¥–ª—è —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–∏ Python, –∏ –æ–Ω –≤–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω –≤ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫—É —Å—Ä–µ–¥—ã Python, –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞—è —Å Python 2.7.9. & Nbsp;

–î–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º, –≤—ã —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–ª–∏ –Ω–æ–≤—ã–π –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è Python –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–¥–∞—á–∞ –º–∞—à–∏–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ –æ–±—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è. –•–æ—Ç—è —É –≤–∞—Å –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –±—ã—Ç—å –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∏ –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥—è—â–∏–π –∞–ª–≥–æ—Ä–∏—Ç–º –¥–ª—è –ø–æ—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –∑–∞–¥–∞—á–∏, –Ω–µ —Ä–µ–∫–æ–º–µ–Ω–¥—É–µ—Ç—Å—è –ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –∫–æ–¥ –∞–ª–≥–æ—Ä–∏—Ç–º–∞ —Å –Ω—É–ª—è. –ü–æ–ø—É–ª—è—Ä–Ω—ã–µ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏ —Å –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã—Ç—ã–º –∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—ã–º –∫–æ–¥–æ–º, —Ç–∞–∫–∏–µ –∫–∞–∫ Keras –∏ Tensorflow, —É–∂–µ —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∞—Ç –∑–∞—Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π –æ–ø—Ç–∏–º–∏–∑–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π –∫–æ–¥ –¥–ª—è –≤–∞—à–∏—Ö –∞–ª–≥–æ—Ä–∏—Ç–º–æ–≤. –¢–∞–∫–∏–µ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏, –∫–∞–∫ Pandas –∏ NumPy, —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∞—Ç –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥—É—Ç –≤–∞–º –ª–µ–≥–∫–æ –ø—Ä–µ–¥–≤–∞—Ä–∏—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—Ç—å –∏–ª–∏ –æ—á–∏—Å—Ç–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö. –í—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –∏–º–µ—Ç—å –≤–æ–∑–º–æ–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏—Ö –Ω–µ–ø–æ—Å—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–µ.

–í–æ—Ç –∑–¥–µ—Å—å-—Ç–æ –∏ –ø—Ä–∏–≥–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç Python pip. –ò–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç pip –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç—ã –Ω–µ–ø–æ—Å—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ –∏–∑ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ Python –≤ –±–µ—Å–ø—Ä–æ–±–ª–µ–º–Ω—ã–π –ø—Ä–æ—Ü–µ—Å—Å.

–ü–∞–∫–µ—Ç—ã Python: –æ–±–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–ù–∞ –∫–æ–º–ø—å—é—Ç–µ—Ä–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—ã –æ–±—ã—á–Ω–æ –Ω–µ —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω—è—Ç—Å—è –≤ –æ–¥–Ω–æ–º –º–µ—Å—Ç–µ. –£ –∫–∞–∂–¥–æ–≥–æ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è —Å–≤–æ—è —Å—Ç—Ä—É–∫—Ç—É—Ä–∞ –æ—Ä–≥–∞–Ω–∏–∑–∞—Ü–∏–∏ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤ –∏ –ø–∞–ø–æ–∫ –¥–ª—è –æ–±–ª–µ–≥—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–∞. –ü–æ–¥–æ–±–Ω—ã–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—ã –æ–±—ã—á–Ω–æ –≥—Ä—É–ø–ø–∏—Ä—É—é—Ç—Å—è –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–µ –≤ –æ–±—â–µ–º –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥–µ, —Ç–∞–∫ –∫–∞–∫ –æ–Ω–∏ –∏–º–µ—é—Ç —Å—Ö–æ–∂–µ–µ –Ω–∞–∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ. –û–¥–Ω–∞–∫–æ –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–æ –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥–æ–≤ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏ –∏ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥—ã –æ—Ä–≥–∞–Ω–∏–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω—ã —Å –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ–º —Ç–æ–≥–æ, —á—Ç–æ –º—ã –Ω–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ–º –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è–º–∏ –∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞–º–∏. –≠—Ç–æ –µ—â–µ –æ–¥–∏–Ω –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ –æ—Ä–≥–∞–Ω–∏–∑–∞—Ü–∏–∏ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤.

–ú–æ–¥—É–ª—å Python - —ç—Ç–æ –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–æ–≤ –∏ —Å–≤–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –∏–º–µ—é—Ç –æ–±—â—É—é —Ü–µ–ª—å. –ü–∞–∫–µ—Ç —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –≥—Ä—É–ø–ø–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç –ø–æ—Ö–æ–∂–∏–µ –º–æ–¥—É–ª–∏ –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–µ, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å –Ω–µ–∑–∞–≤–∏—Å–∏–º—É—é —ç–∫–æ—Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º—É –∫–æ–¥–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –ø–æ–º–æ—á—å —Ä–µ—à–∏—Ç—å –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —Å–µ—Ä—å–µ–∑–Ω—É—é –ø—Ä–æ–±–ª–µ–º—É. –ß–∞—â–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç—ã —Ç—Ä–µ–±—É—é—Ç –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è —Ç—Ä–∞–¥–∏—Ü–∏–æ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∞–ª–≥–æ—Ä–∏—Ç–º–æ–≤ –¥–ª—è –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è —Ä—É—Ç–∏–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∑–∞–¥–∞—á, —Ç–∞–∫–∏—Ö –∫–∞–∫ —Å–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∫–∞ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –∏–ª–∏ –º–∞–Ω–∏–ø—É–ª–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏. –ù–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–∏–µ –∫–æ–¥–∞ –¥–ª—è —ç—Ç–∏—Ö –≤–∞—Ä–∏–∞–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –≤–Ω—É—Ç—Ä–∏ –≤–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–∞ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç —É–≤–µ–ª–∏—á–∏—Ç—å –±–µ—Å–ø–æ—Ä—è–¥–æ–∫, –ø–æ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫—É –∞–∫—Ü–µ–Ω—Ç –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç —Å–º–µ—Å—Ç–∏—Ç—å—Å—è —Å –≤–∞—à–µ–π –±–∏–∑–Ω–µ—Å-–ª–æ–≥–∏–∫–∏ –Ω–∞ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥—ã —Å–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∫–∏ –∏ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞.

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ —á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—Ç —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω–æ –∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤—ã —Ç—Ä—É–¥–æ—É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∞ –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–∏—Ö —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–∏—è –≤ –±—É—Ç–∫–µ–º–ø–µ. –ü—Ä–æ–π–¥–∏—Ç–µ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –∫—É—Ä—Å —É–∂–µ —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—É—é –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —Ä–µ—à–∏—Ç—å —ç—Ç—É –ø—Ä–æ–±–ª–µ–º—É, –Ω–∞–ø–∏—à–∏—Ç–µ –∫–æ–¥. –¥–ª—è —Ç–∞–∫–∏—Ö —Ä—É—Ç–∏–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∑–∞–¥–∞—á –æ–±—ã—á–Ω–æ –ø–∏—à–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ –æ—Ç–¥–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã—Ö –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è—Ö, —á—Ç–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–∞–µ—Ç —É–º–µ–Ω—å—à–∏—Ç—å –±–µ—Å–ø–æ—Ä—è–¥–æ–∫ –≤ –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–Ω–æ–º –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–µ, –∞ —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç —É–ª—É—á—à–∏—Ç—å —Ç–µ—Å—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ –∏ –∏–Ω–¥–∏–≤–∏–¥—É–∞–ª—å–Ω—É—é —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫—É —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º —ç—Ç–∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç—ã –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ —ç–∫—Å–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–Ω—ã–º–∏ –±–æ–ª—å—à–æ–º—É –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—á–∏–∫–æ–≤ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º —Ä–∞—Å–ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤, —Ç–∞–∫–∏—Ö –∫–∞–∫ Python Package Index. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é pip.

Python pip Tool

–£—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∞ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤

–ò–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç pip –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–ª—è —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤, –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–Ω—ã—Ö —á–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç Python –ò–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∏—Ä—É–π—Ç–µ —á–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–Ω—É—é —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É. pip –ø—Ä–µ–¥—É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω —Å –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏–Ω—Å—Ç–≤–æ–º —Å–æ–≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏–π Python. –í–∞–º –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å –∏–º—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å –≤ —Å–≤–æ–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–µ, –≤ —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–º —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å–µ:

–ö–∞–∫ –≤–∏–¥–∏—Ç–µ, –ø—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–Ω–∞—è –≤—ã—à–µ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–∞ —Å–æ—Å—Ç–æ–∏—Ç –∏–∑ —Ç—Ä–µ—Ö —á–∞—Å—Ç–µ–π: & nbsp;

  • pip : –£–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç —Ç–µ—Ä–º–∏–Ω–∞–ª—É –≤—ã–∑–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç pip –∏ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥–∞—Ç—å –µ–º—É –∫–æ–Ω–µ—á–Ω—ã–µ —Ç–æ–∫–µ–Ω—ã –≤ –∫–∞—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤.
  • install : —É–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—É pip, —á—Ç–æ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å.
  • package_name : –æ–±–æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç –∏–º—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω –±—ã—Ç—å —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω.

–í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –¥–ª—è —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∏ –ø–æ–ø—É–ª—è—Ä–Ω–æ–≥–æ —Å—Ç–∞—Ç–∏—Å—Ç–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∞—è –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∞ Numpy:

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–ª–∏ —Å npm, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º—ã–º –¥–ª—è —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–∏ JavaScript, —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –ø–æ—á—Ç–∏ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–π –∂–µ:

–ò–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç –∏—â–µ—Ç –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç –ø–æ –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏ –≤ PyPI (–∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞ Python) –∏ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –æ–Ω –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–µ–Ω. & nbsp;

–í—ã —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –æ–¥–Ω–æ–≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å:

–í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ –≤—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ –±—ã —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –≤ —Ä–µ–∞–ª—å–Ω–æ–π –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏:

–ò—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ requirements.txt

–ü—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–π –≤—ã—à–µ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç —Å—Ç–∞—Ç—å –¥–æ–≤–æ–ª—å–Ω–æ –≥—Ä–æ–º–æ–∑–¥–∫–∏–º, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã –µ—Å—Ç—å –¥–ª–∏–Ω–Ω—ã–π —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –¥–ª—è —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∏. pip –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ª–∞–≥–∞–µ—Ç —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–± —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ requirements.txt. –í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ –≤—ã–≥–ª—è–¥–∏—Ç –æ–±—ã—á–Ω—ã–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª requirements.txt:

–í–æ—Ç —Ç–∞–∫ –≤—ã–≥–ª—è–¥–∏—Ç —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤–∞ pip —Å —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–º requirements.txt:

–£–¥–∞–ª–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤

–ú–Ω–æ–≥–æ —Ä–∞–∑, –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ —É–¥–∞–ª–∏—Ç—å –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç—ã –∏–∑ –≤–∞—à–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–æ–≤ –¥–ª—è –æ–±—Å–ª—É–∂–∏–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –∏–ª–∏ –æ–±–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è. –ò–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç pip —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–ª—è —É–¥–∞–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –∏–∑ –≤–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–∞:

–ö–∞–∫ –≤–∏–¥–∏—Ç–µ, –ø—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–Ω–∞—è –≤—ã—à–µ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–∞ —Å–æ—Å—Ç–æ–∏—Ç –∏–∑ —Ç—Ä–µ—Ö —Ç–æ–∫–µ–Ω–æ–≤: & nbsp;

  • pip : —É–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç —Ç–µ—Ä–º–∏–Ω–∞–ª—É –≤—ã–∑–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç pip –∏ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥–∞–π—Ç–µ –µ–º—É –∫–æ–Ω–µ—á–Ω—ã–µ —Ç–æ–∫–µ–Ω—ã –≤ –∫–∞—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤.
  • —É–¥–∞–ª–∏—Ç—å : —É–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—É pip, —á—Ç–æ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–π –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ —É–¥–∞–ª–∏—Ç—å.
  • package_name : –æ–±–æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç –∏–º—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ —É–¥–∞–ª–∏—Ç—å.

–í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –ø—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–π –≤—ã—à–µ —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –¥–ª—è —É–¥–∞–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –ª—é–±–æ–π –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏, –Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä NumPy, –Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä:

–ò —Å–Ω–æ–≤–∞ —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –∞–Ω–∞–ª–æ–≥–∏—á–µ–Ω —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å—É –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ JavaScript npm "

–î–ª—è —É–¥–∞–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–∏—Ö –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å:

–í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ —ç—Ç–æ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –≤ —Ä–µ–∞–ª—å–Ω–æ–º —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–∏: < / p>

–í—ã —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ñ–∞–π–ª requirements.txt —Ñ–∞–π–ª, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å—Ä–∞–∑—É —É–¥–∞–ª–∏—Ç—å —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤:

–ü—Ä–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä –≤—Å–µ—Ö —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤

–û—á–µ–Ω—å —á–∞—Å—Ç–æ –≤–∞–º –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–µ–±—É–µ—Ç—Å—è –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∞ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤, —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–µ –ª–æ–∫–∞–ª—å–Ω–æ. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç—å, –±—ã–ª –ª–∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω —Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ, –∏ –ø–æ–º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º –ø—Ä–æ–≤–µ—Ä–∏—Ç—å, –ø—Ä–∏—Å—É—Ç—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç –ª–∏ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–∞—è –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞ –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–µ. –ö–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–∞ pip list –ø–æ–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –≤—Å–µ—Ö –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–µ. –í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç—É –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥—É:

"–ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–∞ –ö–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω—å —Ç–æ–≥–¥–∞, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –æ–Ω–∞ –º–Ω–µ –±—ã–ª–∞ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–∞ –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –º–Ω–µ –ø—Ä–æ–π—Ç–∏ –∫—É—Ä—Å –æ–±—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –æ–∫–æ–Ω—á–∞–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±—ã —è –Ω–∞—à–µ–ª —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã. –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ —Å–æ–≤–ø–∞–¥–∞—é—Ç —Å –º–æ–∏–º–∏ —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º–∏ –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º–∏ –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏! "

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç Rockbot

–≠—Ç–æ –≤–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç —Ä–µ–∑—É–ª—å—Ç–∞—Ç, –∞–Ω–∞–ª–æ–≥–∏—á–Ω—ã–π —ç—Ç–æ–º—É :

–í –∫–∞—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ –∞–ª—å—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω–∞—Ç–∏–≤—ã –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥–∞—Ç—å —É—Å—Ç–∞—Ä–µ–≤—à—É—é –æ–ø—Ü–∏—é –¥–ª—è –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞ –≤—Å–µ—Ö –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ —Å –∏—Ö —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–π –∏ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–Ω–µ–π –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏—è–º–∏. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–∞–µ—Ç –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç—å, –∫–∞–∫–∏–µ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç—ã –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ –æ–±–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å. –í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ –≤—ã–≥–ª—è–¥–∏—Ç —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å:

–í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –≤—ã–≥–ª—è–¥–µ—Ç—å –æ–±—ã—á–Ω—ã–π –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥:

–ü—Ä–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä —Å–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–∏–π –æ–± —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–º –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–µ

–ö–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–∞ pip show –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–∞–µ—Ç –ø—Ä–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–µ—Ç—å —Å–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–∏—è –æ–± —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–º –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–µ. package –≤ —Å–≤–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç Python. –û–Ω –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç —Ç–∞–∫–∏–µ —Å–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–∏—è, –∫–∞–∫ –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏—è, –∞–≤—Ç–æ—Ä, –ª–∏—Ü–µ–Ω–∑–∏—è –∏ –∑–∞–≤–∏—Å–∏–º–æ—Å—Ç–∏ –¥–ª—è —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞. –ï–≥–æ —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç:

–í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∞ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –≤—ã–≥–ª—è–¥–µ—Ç—å —Ç–∞–∫:

–ó–∞–º–æ—Ä–æ–∑–∫–∞ –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏–π –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤

–í–∞–∂–Ω–æ–π —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–µ–π, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω–∞ –±—ã—Ç—å —É –≤—Å–µ—Ö –º–µ–Ω–µ–¥–∂–µ—Ä–æ–≤ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤, —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤–æ–∑–º–æ–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å –∑–∞–º–æ—Ä–∞–∂–∏–≤–∞—Ç—å –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç—ã –¥–ª—è —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏–∏. –≠—Ç–æ –≤–∞–∂–Ω–æ, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–∞—Ç—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–∏—Ö —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–∞—Ö, –∏ –≤–æ –≤—Å–µ—Ö –Ω–∏—Ö —Ç—Ä–µ–±—É–µ—Ç—Å—è –æ–¥–Ω–∞ –∏ —Ç–∞ –∂–µ –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –¥–ª—è –ø–æ–¥–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∞–Ω–∏—è —Å—Ç–∞–±–∏–ª—å–Ω–æ—Å—Ç–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–∞. & Nbsp;

< / div>

–•–æ—Ç—è –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—á–∏—Å–ª–∏—Ç—å —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç—ã —Å –∏—Ö –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏—è–º–∏ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥—ã list, –≤–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –≤—Ä—É—á–Ω—É—é –æ—Ç—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏—Ö –≤ —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–∏–∏ —Å —Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–æ–º —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ requirements.txt, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –º—ã –≤–∏–¥–µ–ª–∏ —Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å —ç—Ç–∏ –∑–∞–≤–∏—Å–∏–º–æ—Å—Ç–∏ –Ω–∞ –¥—Ä—É–≥–∞—è —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–∞.

–ö–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–∞ pip freeze —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞–µ—Ç —ç—Ç–æ –∑–∞ –≤–∞—Å –±–µ–∑ –∫–∞–∫–∏—Ö-–ª–∏–±–æ –ø—Ä–æ–±–ª–µ–º. –û–Ω–∞ —Ä–∞—Å–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –≤ —Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–µ —Ç—Ä–µ–±–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–π, –∏ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∫–æ–º–±–∏–Ω–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ —Å –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –ø–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∞ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥—ã —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å–æ—Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –≤ —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –≤—ã–≥–ª—è–¥–µ—Ç—å –ø–æ–ª–Ω—ã–π —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å:

–í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–ø—Ä—è–º—É—é —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞—Ç—å –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª requirements.txt —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —ç—Ç–æ–π –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥—ã:

–¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø–æ–º–µ—Å—Ç–∏—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Ñ–∞–π–ª requirements.txt –≤ –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å —ç—Ç–∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç—ã. –ú—ã —É–∂–µ –≤–∏–¥–µ–ª–∏ –≤—ã—à–µ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –∫–∞–∫ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ç–∞–∫–æ–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª –¥–ª—è –æ–¥–Ω–æ–≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤.

pip vs pip3

–ù–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞—è —Å –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏–∏ 2.7.9 –≤ Python 2 –∏ –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏–∏ 3.4 –¥–ª—è Python 3, —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–¥–∞—Ä—Ç–Ω–∞—è —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∞ Python —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –ø–æ—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–æ–π pip. –ù–æ –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ Python –ø–µ—Ä–µ—à–µ–ª —Å –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏–∏ 2 –Ω–∞ 3, pip —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –±—ã–ª –æ–±–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω –¥–æ pip3. –í–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–∏–µ Python 3 –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–æ —Å—Ç–∞—Ä—ã–π pip –≤ –º—è–≥–∫—É—é —Å—Å—ã–ª–∫—É –Ω–∞ –Ω–æ–≤—ã–π pip3. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –≤—ã –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞–µ—Ç–µ —Å—Ç–∞—Ä—ã–π pip –≤ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–Ω–æ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ —Å –Ω–æ–≤—ã–º Python3, —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–π —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–µ, –≤—ã —Ñ–∞–∫—Ç–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏ –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç–µ pip3. & Nbsp;

–û–¥–Ω–∞–∫–æ, –µ—Å–ª–∏ —É –≤–∞—Å –µ—Å—Ç—å –∫–∞–∫ Python 2, —Ç–∞–∫ –∏ Python 3 —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–π —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–µ, –∑–∞—Ç–µ–º –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–∞ pip –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞–µ—Ç —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤—â–∏–∫ pip, —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π —Å –≤–∞—à–µ–π —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–æ–π Python 2, –∞ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–∞ pip3 –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞–µ—Ç —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤—â–∏–∫ pip3, —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π —Å –≤–∞—à–µ–π —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–æ–π Python 3. –°–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –¥–ª—è pip –∏ pip3 –æ–¥–∏–Ω–∞–∫–æ–≤—ã–π, –≤–∞–º –ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç–æ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –∑–∞–º–µ–Ω–∏—Ç—å pip –Ω–∞ pip3. –í–æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å NumPy —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é pip3:

–í—Å–µ –æ—Å—Ç–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥—ã —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—é—Ç –∞–Ω–∞–ª–æ–≥–∏—á–Ω–æ.

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–ò–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç Python pip —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥—É—Ç –≤–∞–º —ç—Ñ—Ñ–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ —É–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª—è—Ç—å –≤–∞—à–∏–º–∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞–º–∏. –ö–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥—ã install –∏ uninstall –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç–æ–≥–æ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –∏–ª–∏ —É–¥–∞–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤. list –∏ freeze –º–æ–≥—É—Ç –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∞ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –≤ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–º / –æ—Ç—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–º –≤–∏–¥–µ. show –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–ª—è –æ–¥–Ω–æ–≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∞ –≤—Å–µ—Ö –¥–µ—Ç–∞–ª–µ–π –æ–¥–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –æ–±—Å—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∏—Å—å, —Å–æ —Å—Å—ã–ª–∫–æ–π –Ω–∞ —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –∏ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—ã, –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤—ã –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ PyPI –∏ –∏—Ö –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ —Å –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–º pip . –¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –≤—ã –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã –Ω–∞—á–∞—Ç—å –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –æ—Ñ–∏—Ü–∏–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –º–µ–Ω–µ–¥–∂–µ—Ä –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ Python –∫–∞–∫ –ø—Ä–æ—Ñ–µ—Å—Å–∏–æ–Ω–∞–ª Python!

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