Python os.path.join: руководство для начинающих

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–ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python os.path.join –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω—è–µ—Ç –æ–¥–Ω–æ –∏–ª–∏ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –∏–º–µ–Ω –ø—É—Ç–µ–π –≤ –æ–¥–∏–Ω –ø—É—Ç—å. –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ —á–∞—Å—Ç–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å —Ç–∞–∫–∏–º–∏ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–∞–º–∏ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–æ–Ω–Ω–æ–π —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º—ã, –∫–∞–∫ os.walk (), –¥–ª—è —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω–∏—è –æ–∫–æ–Ω—á–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø—É—Ç–∏ –∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—É –∏–ª–∏ –ø–∞–ø–∫–µ. os.path.join () –∞–≤—Ç–æ–º–∞—Ç–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤—Å–µ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º—ã–µ –∫–æ—Å—ã–µ —á–µ—Ä—Ç—ã –≤ –∏–º—è –ø—É—Ç–∏ –∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—É.

–í—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –ø–æ–ø–∞—Å—Ç—å –≤ –ª–∞–±–∏—Ä–∏–Ω—Ç –ø—É—Ç–µ–π, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ " re —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞ —Å —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞–º–∏ –≤ Python .

–î–ª—è —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã —Å —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞–º–∏ –≤–∞–º –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥ , –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Ñ–∞–π–ª. –≠—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–æ—â–µ, —á–µ–º –∫–∞–∂–µ—Ç—Å—è. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã –Ω–µ —É–∫–∞–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–∞–≤–∏–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –ø—É—Ç—å, –≤–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –Ω–µ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—Ç—å.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –º—ã –ø–æ–≥–æ–≤–æ—Ä–∏–º –æ os.path.join. –≠—Ç–æ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω—è–µ—Ç –∫–æ–º–ø–æ–Ω–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –ø—É—Ç–∏ –∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—É –≤ –ø–æ–ª–Ω—ã–π –ø—É—Ç—å. –ú—ã —Ä–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º –¥–≤–∞ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥—É—Ç –≤–∞–º –Ω–∞—á–∞—Ç—å —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å —ç—Ç–∏–º –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–æ–º.

–ß—Ç–æ –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –≤ –ø—É—Ç–∏ –∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—É?

–ü—É—Ç—å –∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—É - —ç—Ç–æ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å –∏–º–µ–Ω —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤ –∏ –ø–∞–ø–æ–∫. –≠—Ç–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å –∏–º–µ–Ω –ø—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ—Ç –≤–∞—Å –∫ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–º—É –º–µ—Å—Ç—É –≤ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–æ–Ω–Ω–æ–π —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–µ (–û–°) –≤–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–º–ø—å—é—Ç–µ—Ä–∞.

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –≤–æ–∑—å–º–µ–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π –ø—É—Ç—å –≤ –∫–∞—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–∞:

–≠—Ç–æ—Ç –ø—É—Ç—å –ø—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ—Ç –Ω–∞—Å –∫ –ø–∞–ø–∫–µ —Å –Ω–∞–∑–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ–º " tutorials & rdquo ;. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –±—ã –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–µ–ª–∏ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø –∫ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–º—É —Ñ–∞–π–ª—É –∏–ª–∏ –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥—É –≤ —ç—Ç–æ–π –ø–∞–ø–∫–µ, –º—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å –Ω–∞ –Ω–µ–≥–æ, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è –µ–≥–æ –∏–º—è —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞:

–í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–∏ –ø—É—Ç–∏ –∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞–º –≤—Ä—É—á–Ω—É—é –≤ Python. –≠—Ç–æ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –±—ã—Ç—å –Ω–µ–ø—Ä–∞–∫—Ç–∏—á–Ω–æ. –ò–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ –∑–¥–µ—Å—å –Ω–∞ –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å –ø—Ä–∏—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç os.path.join.

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –±—É—Ç–∫–µ–º–ø–∞ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ç—Ä—É–¥–æ—É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∞ –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–∏—Ö —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π. –ü—Ä–æ–π–¥–∏—Ç–µ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –∫—É—Ä—Å —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ —Å–º–µ–Ω—É –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—ã, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

os.path.join –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω—è–µ—Ç –∏–º–µ–Ω–∞ –ø—É—Ç–µ–π –≤ –æ–¥–∏–Ω –ø–æ–ª–Ω—ã–π –ø—É—Ç—å. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω–∏—Ç—å –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —á–∞—Å—Ç–µ–π –ø—É—Ç–∏ –≤ –æ–¥–∏–Ω –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–æ –∂–µ—Å—Ç–∫–æ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –∫–∞–∂–¥–æ–≥–æ –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏ –ø—É—Ç–∏ –≤—Ä—É—á–Ω—É—é.

–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç—É —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é, –≤–∞–º –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä—É–π—Ç–µ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫—É –û–° –≤ —Å–≤–æ–π –∫–æ–¥:

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –ø–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º –Ω–∞ —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–∞ os.path.join (). –§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è os.path.join –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –ø—É—Ç–µ–π, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω–∏—Ç—å –≤ –æ–¥–∏–Ω:

path1, path2 –∏ –≤—Å–µ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è—é—Ç –ø—É—Ç–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω–∏—Ç—å –≤ –æ–¥–Ω–æ –∏–º—è.

–≠—Ç–æ—Ç –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç: /Users/James/tutorials/index.html. –ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ os.path.join —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –ø—Ä–æ–¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω–∏–µ–º —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ –Ω–∞–º–∏ –∫–æ–º–ø–æ–Ω–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –∞–±—Å–æ–ª—é—Ç–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø—É—Ç–∏ (" / Users / James / tutorials "). –ú—ã –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ–º index.html –≤ –∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü –ø—É—Ç–∏.

–£–¥–æ–±–Ω–æ, —á—Ç–æ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ os.path.join –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –∫–æ—Å—ã–µ —á–µ—Ä—Ç—ã (–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –Ω–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞—é—Ç—Å—è " —Ä–∞–∑–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç–µ–ª—è–º–∏ –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥–æ–≤ "), –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –æ–Ω–∏ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º—ã. –≠—Ç–æ –¥–µ–ª–∞–µ—Ç –µ–≥–æ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–¥–æ–±–Ω—ã–º —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–±–æ–º –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤. –∏–º–µ–Ω–∞ –ø—É—Ç–µ–π, —á–µ–º –∏—Ö –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤—Ä—É—á–Ω—É—é.

–ü—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä os.path.join Python

–ü–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—å—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ " index.html " –≤ –ø–∞–ø–∫—É " tutorials / web / ". –≠—Ç–æ—Ç —Ñ–∞–π–ª –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–º —Ä–∞–±–æ—á–µ–º –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥–µ.

–ú—ã –Ω–∞—á–Ω–µ–º —Å –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏ –û–°:

–î–∞–ª–µ–µ –º—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–∏–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—á–∏–π –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –º—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å –∫ –Ω–µ–º—É –∏–º—è –ø—É—Ç–∏ –∫ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º—É —Ñ–∞–π–ª—É:

–≠—Ç–æ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞—à —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–∏–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—á–∏–π –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥, wh ich - —ç—Ç–æ / Users / James / tutorials. & Ldquo; —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–µ –ø–æ—Å–æ–±–∏—è " –ø–∞–ø–∫–∞ –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –≤ –¥–æ–º–∞—à–Ω–µ–º –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è. –ú—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç—É –∏–Ω—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ü–∏—é –¥–ª—è –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è " tutorials / web " –≤ –∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Ä–∞–±–æ—á–µ–≥–æ –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥–∞:

–≠—Ç–æ—Ç –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç: / Users / James / tutorials / web. –ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω–∏–ª –Ω–∞—à–∏ –∫–æ–º–ø–æ–Ω–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏ –ø—É—Ç–∏ –≤ –æ–¥–∏–Ω. –ú–µ–∂–¥—É –∏–º–µ–Ω–∞–º–∏ –ø—É—Ç–µ–π –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∞ ‚Äã‚Äã–∫–æ—Å–∞—è —á–µ—Ä—Ç–∞ (" / "). –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –ø—É—Ç—å –æ—Ç–Ω–æ—Å–∏—Ç—Å—è –∫ " –ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç—É " –ø–∞–ø–∫—É –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–µ–º –ø—É—Ç–∏.

Python os.path.join: —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –≤–æ—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º—Å—è –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–æ–º os.path.join –¥–ª—è –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—Ç–∞ –ø–æ–ª–Ω—ã—Ö –ø—É—Ç–µ–π –∫–æ –≤—Å–µ–º —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞–º –≤ –ø–∞–ø–∫–µ. –ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –ø–µ—Ä–µ—á–∏—Å–ª–∏—Ç—å –≤—Å–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—ã –Ω–∞ " Desktop " –ø–∞–ø–∫–∞ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤–æ–π —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º–µ. –≠—Ç–∞ –ø–∞–ø–∫–∞ –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –≤ –ø–∞–ø–∫–µ " / Users / James / " –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥ –Ω–∞ –¥–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–ú—ã –Ω–∞—á–Ω–µ–º —Å –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏ –û–° –∏ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥–∞, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–∏—Ç—å –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫:

–≠—Ç–æ—Ç –∫–æ–¥ –≥–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç –ø—É—Ç—å –∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—É –¥–ª—è –ø–∞–ø–∫–∏ —Ä–∞–±–æ—á–µ–≥–æ —Å—Ç–æ–ª–∞ –æ—Ç–Ω–æ—Å–∏—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ –Ω–∞—à —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–∏–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—á–∏–π –∫–∞—Ç–∞–ª–æ–≥. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python os.listdir () , —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –≤—Å–µ—Ö —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤ –≤ —ç—Ç–æ–π –ø–∞–ø–∫–µ:

–≠—Ç–æ—Ç –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –∏–º–µ–Ω–∞ –≤—Å–µ—Ö —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è –≤ –ø–∞–ø–∫–µ Desktop. –û–Ω –Ω–µ –≤–∫–ª—é—á–∞–µ—Ç –ø—É—Ç–∏ –∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞–º. –¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —É –Ω–∞—Å –µ—Å—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–æ–≤, –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º —Ä–∞—Å–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞—Ç—å –∏—Ö –≤—Å–µ –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª–∏. –ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è —Ä–∞—Å–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞—Ç—å –ø–æ–ª–Ω—ã–π –ø—É—Ç—å –∫ –∫–∞–∂–¥–æ–º—É —Ñ–∞–π–ª—É —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é os.path.join –∏ —Ü–∏–∫–ª–∞ Python –¥–ª—è :

–≠—Ç–æ—Ç –∫–æ–¥ –ø—Ä–æ—Å–º–∞—Ç—Ä–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç –≤—Å–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª—ã –≤ –ø–∞–ø–∫–µ Desktop. –û–Ω –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω—è–µ—Ç –∏–º—è –∫–∞–∂–¥–æ–≥–æ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ —Å –∏–º–µ–Ω–µ–º –ø—É—Ç–∏ –∫ –ø–∞–ø–∫–µ —Ä–∞–±–æ—á–µ–≥–æ —Å—Ç–æ–ª–∞. –ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–ù–∞ –º–æ–µ–º —Ä–∞–±–æ—á–µ–º —Å—Ç–æ–ª–µ –µ—Å—Ç—å —Ç—Ä–∏ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞: .DS_Store, Notes.md –∏ To-dos.md. –ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ os.path.join () –¥–ª—è –≥–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–∏ –ø–æ–ª–Ω—ã—Ö –ø—É—Ç–µ–π –∫ –∫–∞–∂–¥–æ–º—É —Ñ–∞–π–ª—É.

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ os.path.join –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω—è–µ—Ç –∫–æ–º–ø–æ–Ω–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –≤ –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏ –ø—É—Ç–∏ –¥–ª—è —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω–∏—è –ø–æ–ª–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏ –ø—É—Ç–∏.

"–ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–∞" –ö–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —è –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–µ–π –Ω—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∞—Å—å, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –º–Ω–µ —É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∏—Ç—å –±—É—Ç–∫–µ–º–ø. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ —è –Ω–∞—à–ª–∞ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∞ –º–æ–∏–º —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏! "

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç –≤ Rockbot

< p> –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ —É–ø—Ä–æ—â–∞–µ—Ç –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ –¥–≤—É—Ö –∏–ª–∏ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ –∫–æ–º–ø–æ–Ω–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏ –ø—É—Ç–∏. Os.path.join –∞–≤—Ç–æ–º–∞—Ç–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏ –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –∫–æ—Å—ã–µ —á–µ—Ä—Ç—ã (" / ") –≤ –∏–º—è –ø—É—Ç–∏, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —ç—Ç–æ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã –ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –æ —è–∑—ã–∫–µ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è Python, –æ–∑–Ω–∞–∫–æ–º—å—Ç–µ—Å—å —Å –Ω–∞—à–∏–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ–º –ø–æ –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—é Python .