Необязательные аргументы Python: практическое руководство

| | | | | | |

–ù–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç Python - —ç—Ç–æ —Ç–∏–ø –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ —Å–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ–º –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–∑–Ω–∞—á–∏—Ç—å –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ –ø—Ä–∏—Å–≤–∞–∏–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –≤ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–∏–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –∏–ª–∏ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ Python ** kwargs.

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è Python –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞—Ç—å –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –¥–≤—É—Ö —Ç–∏–ø–æ–≤: –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–æ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –∏ –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ. –ù–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã - —ç—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –Ω–µ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ —É–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–ª—è –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –º—ã –≥–æ–≤–æ—Ä–∏–º –æ —Ç–æ–º, —á—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –∏ –∫–∞–∫ –æ–Ω–∏ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—é—Ç.

–ú—ã " –Ø –ø–æ–∫–∞–∂—É –≤–∞–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã—Ö –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –≤—ã –Ω–∞—É—á–∏–ª–∏—Å—å –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏—Ö –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞—Ö. –ú—ã —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –æ–±—Å—É–¥–∏–º, –∫–∞–∫ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ ** kwargs –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–∏–µ–º–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤.

–ß—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç Python?

–ê—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç - —ç—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–µ–π Python . –≠—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—Å—è —Å–æ–±—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π Python , –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—É—é –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏. –†–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π –∫–æ–¥:

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ " –¥–µ–Ω—å " —ç—Ç–æ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç. –ö–∞–∫–æ–µ –±—ã –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤—ã –Ω–∏ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–ª–∏ –≤ —Å–∫–æ–±–∫–∞—Ö –ø—Ä–∏ –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ show_the_day, –æ–Ω–æ —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–µ—Ç " day & rdquo ;. –í –¥–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ " —á–µ—Ç–≤–µ—Ä–≥ " —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ " day "

–ö–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –º—ã —É–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ–º –≤ –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω–æ –±—ã—Ç—å —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è. –≠—Ç–æ –µ—Å–ª–∏ –º—ã –Ω–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã. –í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å –º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤, —á–µ–º –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è, –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É —á—Ç–æ –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã —è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–º–∏.

–ù–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã Python

–ù–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç Python - —ç—Ç–æ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç —Å–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ–º –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é –¥–ª—è –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –ø—Ä–∏—Å–≤–∞–∏–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è. –ü—Ä–∏ –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –Ω–µ—Ç –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ—Å—Ç–∏ —É–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –¥–ª—è –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞. –≠—Ç–æ —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–æ —Å —Ç–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å—Å—è, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –æ–Ω–æ –Ω–µ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–æ.

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ç—Ä—É–¥–æ—É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∞ –≤ —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏—Ö –æ–±–ª–∞—Å—Ç—è—Ö –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –ø–æ—Å–µ—â–µ–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è. –ü–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≥–ª–∞—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—å —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—É—é –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–ê—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –º–æ–≥—É—Ç –∏–º–µ—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é. –≠—Ç–æ –¥–µ–ª–∞–µ—Ç –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–º. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é, –æ–Ω –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –Ω–µ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–æ –¥—Ä—É–≥–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ.

–ê—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é –Ω–∞–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞—é—Ç—Å—è —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ –ø—Ä–∏—Å–≤–∞–∏–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è:

–≠—Ç–æ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª–µ–º —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –¥–≤–∞ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞: —Å—Ç—É–¥–µ–Ω—Ç –∏ –æ—Ü–µ–Ω–∫–∞. –û—Ü–µ–Ω–∫–∞ - —ç—Ç–æ –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞–º –Ω–µ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ —É–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–ª—è –Ω–µ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø—Ä–∏ –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ print_student ().

–ù–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –ü—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä Python

–ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –ø–æ–¥—Å—á–∏—Ç—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç, —Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –∫–æ—Ñ–µ –±—ã–ª–æ –ø—Ä–æ–¥–∞–Ω–æ –≤ –∫–∞—Ñ–µ –≤ —á–µ—Ç–≤–µ—Ä–≥ —É—Ç—Ä–æ–º. –î–ª—è –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç–µ —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –∫–æ—Ñ–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –±—ã–ª –ø—Ä–æ–¥–∞–Ω —ç—Ç–∏–º —É—Ç—Ä–æ–º:

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –Ω–∞–ø–∏—à–∏—Ç–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –ø–æ–¥—Å—á–∏—Ç—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç, —Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –∏–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ –∫–æ—Ñ–µ –±—ã–ª–æ –ø—Ä–æ–¥–∞–Ω–æ:

–≠—Ç–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –¥–≤–∞ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞: coffees –∏ to_find.

–ü–µ—Ä–≤—ã–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç - —ç—Ç–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –∫–æ—Ñ–µ. –ù–∞—à –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç - —ç—Ç–æ –Ω–∞–∑–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ –∫–æ—Ñ–µ, –æ–±—â–∏–π –æ–±—ä–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–¥–∞–∂ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≥–æ –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –ø–æ–¥—Å—á–∏—Ç–∞—Ç—å. –ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python count () –ø–æ–¥—Å—á–∏—Ç—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç, —Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —ç–∫–∑–µ–º–ø–ª—è—Ä–æ–≤ –∫–æ—Ñ–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º, —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç –≤ " coffees " —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫.

–í—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç –Ω–µ –æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª–µ–Ω. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –º—ã –Ω–µ —É–∫–∞–∂–µ–º –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –¥–ª—è " to_find " –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç, —ç—Ç–æ—Ç –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–µ—Ç —Ä–∞–≤–Ω—ã–º " Espresso & rdquo ;. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—å—Ç–µ " s –≤—ã–∑–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é:

–≠—Ç–æ—Ç –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ " to_find " —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ " Latte " –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ. –î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É –∏ –ø–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º, —á—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–æ–∏–∑–æ–π–¥–µ—Ç:

–ö–æ–¥ —Å–æ–æ–±—â–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–º, —á—Ç–æ –±—ã–ª–æ –ø—Ä–æ–¥–∞–Ω–æ –¥–≤–∞ –ª–∞—Ç—Ç–µ. –¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤–∏—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—à—É —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é –±–µ–∑ –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–ú—ã –Ω–µ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–ª–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –¥–ª—è " to_find " –ø–æ—ç—Ç–æ–º—É –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é –µ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ —Å—Ç–∞–ª–æ " Espresso & rdquo ;. –ú—ã –≤–∏–¥–∏–º, —á—Ç–æ –µ—Å–ª–∏ –º—ã –Ω–µ —É–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ–º –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –¥–ª—è –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç—Å—è –µ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é. –í –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –¥–ª—è –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç—Å—è —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –Ω–∞–º–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ.

–û—à–∏–±–∫–∞ –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã—Ö –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ Python

–ü—Ä–∏ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–∏–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è—Ç—å—Å—è –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã—Ö –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤. –û–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–º–∏ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞–º–∏ —è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è —Ç–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –Ω–µ –∏–º–µ—é—Ç –ø—Ä–∏—Å–≤–æ–µ–Ω–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é.

–û–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã —á–∞—Å—Ç–æ –Ω–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞—é—Ç " –æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–º–∏ –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–æ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞–º–∏ ", –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –±—ã—Ç—å –Ω–∞–∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω—ã –≤ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–∏ –≤ –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —É–∫–∞–∂–µ—Ç–µ –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥ –æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–º –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–º, Python –≤–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç –æ—à–∏–±–∫–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –≤—ã–≥–ª—è–¥–∏—Ç —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–º –æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–º:

–ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–æ–Ω–Ω—ã–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç –∑–∞ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–º –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–≥–æ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞

–≠—Ç–æ—Ç –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É —á—Ç–æ, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –ø—Ä–µ–¥—à–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—Ç –æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–º –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞–º, —ç—Ç–æ —É—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç —Ü–µ–ª—å –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã—Ö –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤. –ö–∞–∫ Python —É–∑–Ω–∞–µ—Ç, –∫–∞–∫–∏–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –∫–∞–∫–∏–º –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞–º –ø—Ä–∏—Å–≤–∞–∏–≤–∞—Ç—å, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –æ–¥–Ω–∏ –ø—Ä–∏—à–ª–∏ –ø–µ—Ä–≤—ã–º–∏?

–ù–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã Python: ** kwargs

–ö–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–µ —Å–ª–æ–≤–æ ** kwargs –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥–∞–µ—Ç –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –Ω–∞–∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∞ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–º—É –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–º—É —Å–ª–æ–≤—É. ** kwags –ø—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç —Å–æ–±–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–∏–∑–≤–æ–ª—å–Ω–æ–µ –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤—ã—Ö —Å–ª–æ–≤, –±—É–¥—å —Ç–æ –Ω–æ–ª—å, –æ–¥–Ω–æ –∏–ª–∏ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤—ã—Ö —Å–ª–æ–≤. –ò—Ç–∞–∫, –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å ** kwargs, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç —Å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–µ–π.

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—à–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª—å –∏–Ω—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ü–∏—é –æ–± –æ—Ü–µ–Ω–∫–∞—Ö, –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö —É—á–∞—â–∏–º—Å—è –Ω–∞ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö —Ç–µ—Å—Ç–∞—Ö. –î–ª—è –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —Å–æ—Å—Ç–∞–≤—å—Ç–µ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—å —Å –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π –∏–Ω—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ü–∏–µ–π –æ —Å—Ç—É–¥–µ–Ω—Ç–µ:

"–ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–Ω–∞—è –∫–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω—å —Ç–æ–≥–¥–∞, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —è –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–µ–π –Ω—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∞—Å—å, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –º–Ω–µ –ø—Ä–æ–π—Ç–∏ –∫—É—Ä—Å –æ–±—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –æ–∫–æ–Ω—á–∞–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±—ã —è –Ω–∞—à–µ–ª —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã. –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ —Å–æ–≤–ø–∞–¥–∞—é—Ç —Å –º–æ–∏–º–∏ —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º–∏ –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º–∏ –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏! "

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç Rockbot

–ù–∞—à —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—å —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏—Ç —á–µ—Ç—ã—Ä–µ –∫–ª—é—á–∞ –∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è. –ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –∏–∑ —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—è –≤ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª—å:

–≠—Ç–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è —Ä–∞—Å–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç —Å–æ–æ–±—â–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–æ " –ó–∞–ø–∏—Å—å —É—á–µ–Ω–∏–∫–∞ –¥–ª—è X & rdquo ;, –≥–¥–µ X —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏ —É—á–µ–Ω–∏–∫–∞.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç –≤—Å–µ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –≤ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π " grades " –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª—å. " grades " –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å " ** ", —á—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏—Ç —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞—Ä—å –∫–ª—é—á–µ–π –∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π, –ø–æ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å –∏—Ç–µ—Ä–∞—Ü–∏—é –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ.

–ü–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—å—Ç–µ " s –≤—ã–∑–≤–∞—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à—É —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é:

–ú—ã —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–ª–∏ –¥–≤–∞ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞: –∏–º—è —Å—Ç—É–¥–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –∏ –æ—Ü–µ–Ω–∫–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏–ª–∏ –≤–æ –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º —Ç–µ—Å—Ç–µ. –í—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∞—Ç—å –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–µ —Å–ª–æ–≤–æ, –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É —á—Ç–æ ** kwargs –ø—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–≥–æ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞. & nbsp;

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –∏ –ø–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º, —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç –ª–∏ –æ–Ω:

–ù–∞—à–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥–∞ ram —Å–æ–æ–±—â–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–º –æ–± –æ—Ü–µ–Ω–∫–µ –≠–º–∏, —Å—Ç—É–¥–µ–Ω—Ç–∫–∏, –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –≤–æ –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º —Ç–µ—Å—Ç–µ. –ü–æ–ø—Ä–æ–±—É–π—Ç–µ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥–∞—Ç—å –¥—Ä—É–≥–æ–π —Ä–µ–∑—É–ª—å—Ç–∞—Ç —Ç–µ—Å—Ç–∞ —á–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –Ω–∞—à—É —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é –≤ –∫–∞—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞:

–ù–∞—à–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è —Ç–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç —Ç—Ä–∏ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞. –ü–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–Ω–∏–µ –¥–≤–∞ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ —è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞–º–∏ –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–≥–æ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞. –î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞—à—É –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É:

–ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –ø–æ–∫–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–º –æ—Ü–µ–Ω–∫–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≠–º–∏ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏–ª–∞ –∫–∞–∫ –≤ –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–º, —Ç–∞–∫ –∏ –≤–æ –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º —Ç–µ—Å—Ç–∞—Ö. –≠—Ç–æ —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–æ —Å —Ç–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–µ —Å–ª–æ–≤–æ ** kwargs –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤.

–ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –º—ã –Ω–µ —É–∫–∞–∂–µ–º –Ω–∏–∫–∞–∫–∏—Ö –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–≥–æ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç—å –Ω–µ–æ–±—è–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ Python, —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–≤ –∏–º—è –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞, –∑–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é –ø—Ä–∏ –æ–±—ä—è–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏. –í—ã —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ ** kwargs, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞—Ç—å –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ –≤ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏.

–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –æ –∫–æ–¥–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–∏ –Ω–∞ Python, –ø—Ä–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—à –†—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ –ø–æ –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—é Python .

Shop

Learn programming in R: courses

$

Best Python online courses for 2022

$

Best laptop for Fortnite

$

Best laptop for Excel

$

Best laptop for Solidworks

$

Best laptop for Roblox

$

Best computer for crypto mining

$

Best laptop for Sims 4

$

Latest questions

NUMPYNUMPY

psycopg2: insert multiple rows with one query

12 answers

NUMPYNUMPY

How to convert Nonetype to int or string?

12 answers

NUMPYNUMPY

How to specify multiple return types using type-hints

12 answers

NUMPYNUMPY

Javascript Error: IPython is not defined in JupyterLab

12 answers

News


Wiki

Python OpenCV | cv2.putText () method

numpy.arctan2 () in Python

Python | os.path.realpath () method

Python OpenCV | cv2.circle () method

Python OpenCV cv2.cvtColor () method

Python - Move item to the end of the list

time.perf_counter () function in Python

Check if one list is a subset of another in Python

Python os.path.join () method