Интерпретаторы Python: пошаговое руководство

Python –æ—á–µ–Ω—å –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–µ–Ω –¥–ª—è –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è, –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É —á—Ç–æ –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∞—Ç–æ—Ä—ã Python —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—Ç –≤ –ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç–µ, –∏ –≤–∞–º –Ω–µ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –≥–∞—Ä–∞–Ω—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞ –≤–∞—à–µ–º –∫–æ–º–ø—å—é—Ç–µ—Ä–µ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∞ ‚Äã‚Äã–ø—Ä–∞–≤–∏–ª—å–Ω–∞—è –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏—è Python. –í —ç—Ç–æ–π —Å—Ç–∞—Ç—å–µ –º—ã –≥–æ–≤–æ—Ä–∏–º –æ —Ç–æ–º, —á—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ Python Interpreter, –∏ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—á–∏—Å–ª—è–µ–º –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –∏–∑ –Ω–∞–∏–±–æ–ª–µ–µ –ø–æ–ø—É–ª—è—Ä–Ω—ã—Ö –∏ —É–¥–æ–±–Ω—ã—Ö –¥–ª—è –Ω–æ–≤–∏—á–∫–æ–≤ –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≤, –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–Ω—ã—Ö –¥–ª—è –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –≤ –ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç–µ. & Nbsp;

Python, –∫–∞–∫ –∏ Java, –Ω–µ–ª—å–∑—è –ø–æ–ª–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å—é –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–∏—Ñ–∏—Ü–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∫–∞–∫ –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ–º—ã–π –∏–ª–∏ –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª–∏—Ä—É–µ–º—ã–π —è–∑—ã–∫. –ò —Ç–æ–≥–æ –∏ –¥—Ä—É–≥–æ–≥–æ –º–∞–ª–æ. & Nbsp; & nbsp;

–í –¥–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç –ø–µ—Ä–µ–≤–æ–¥ –Ω–∞ —è–∑—ã–∫ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ –Ω–∏–∑–∫–æ–≥–æ —É—Ä–æ–≤–Ω—è, –Ω–µ –∑–∞–≤–∏—Å—è—â–∏–π –æ—Ç –∫–∞–∫–æ–≥–æ-–ª–∏–±–æ –æ–¥–Ω–æ–≥–æ —Ç–∏–ø–∞ –ø–ª–∞—Ç—Ñ–æ—Ä–º—ã. –í –æ—Ç–ª–∏—á–∏–µ –æ—Ç Java –∏–ª–∏ C, –º—ã —Å–ø–µ—Ü–∏–∞–ª—å–Ω–æ –Ω–µ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞–µ–º –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥—É –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª—è—Ü–∏–∏ –¥–ª—è Python. –ú—ã –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ–º —Å–∫—Ä–∏–ø—Ç —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —Ç–∞–∫–æ–π –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥—ã, –∫–∞–∫ python3 hello_world.py, –≥–¥–µ " hello_world.py " —ç—Ç–æ –∏–º—è –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞, –∏ –æ–Ω –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è–µ—Ç—Å—è. –ß—Ç–æ –¥–∞–ª—å—à–µ? & Nbsp;

–í Python –∫–æ–º–ø–∏–ª—è—Ü–∏—è –ø—Ä–æ–∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç –ø–æ –º–µ—Ä–µ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ—Å—Ç–∏ & ndash; –∏ —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –µ—Å–ª–∏ —ç—Ç–æ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ. –ü–æ —Å—Ä–∞–≤–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—é —Å Java, Python –ø—Ä–µ–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ –ø—Ä–æ–º–µ–∂—É—Ç–æ—á–Ω—ã–π –∫–æ–¥, –Ω–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ–º—ã–π –±–∞–π—Ç-–∫–æ–¥–æ–º. –≠—Ç–æ –∫–æ–¥, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω –±—ã—Ç—å –ø—Ä–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞–Ω –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –≤ –≤–∏—Ä—Ç—É–∞–ª—å–Ω–æ–π –º–∞—à–∏–Ω–µ Python. –≠—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑—É–µ—Ç –∫–æ–¥ —Ç–∞–∫, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –≤–∞—à –∫–æ–º–ø—å—é—Ç–µ—Ä –º–æ–≥ –µ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞—Ç—å.

–ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∞—Ç–æ—Ä—ã Python –¥–ª—è –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –æ—Ç–ª–∏—á–Ω–æ –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥—è—Ç –¥–ª—è –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞—é—â–∏—Ö

–ù–∏–∂–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã—Ö –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–Ω—ã—Ö –æ–Ω–ª–∞–π–Ω-—Å—Ä–µ–¥ / –ø–µ—Å–æ—á–Ω–∏—Ü, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã—Ö –≤—ã —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–µ—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é Python. –≠—Ç–æ –Ω–µ –∏—Å—á–µ—Ä–ø—ã–≤–∞—é—â–∏–π —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫, –Ω–æ —Å –Ω–µ–≥–æ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –Ω–∞—á–∞—Ç—å. & Nbsp;

Repl.it

–û–±–∑–æ—Ä repl.it & Rsquo;. s IDE & NBSP; <—Ä > Repl.it - ‚Äã‚Äã—ç—Ç–æ —É–¥–æ–±–Ω–∞—è –∏–Ω—Ç–µ–≥—Ä–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω–∞—è —Å—Ä–µ–¥–∞ —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–∏ (IDE), –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–∞–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–≤–∞—Ç—å –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç—ã –Ω–∞ Python –∏ –º–Ω–æ–≥–∏—Ö –¥—Ä—É–≥–∏—Ö —è–∑—ã–∫–∞—Ö, –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–Ω—ã—Ö –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è. –í—Å–µ, —á—Ç–æ –≤–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å, —ç—Ç–æ —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞—Ç—å —Å–≤–æ–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª –∏ –Ω–∞–∂–∞—Ç—å "–∑–∞–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏—Ç—å", —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –æ–Ω –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–ª—Å—è –∑–∞ –≤–∞—Å. –ö–æ–≥–¥–∞ –≤—ã —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–µ—Ç–µ –Ω–æ–≤—ã–π –æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç Python, –Ω–∞–∂–º–∏—Ç–µ " –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—ã, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –Ω–∞—á–∞—Ç—å —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É " –¥–ª—è –∏–≥—Ä—ã —Å –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º–∏ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–∞–º–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º.

–†–µ–ø–µ—Ç–∏—Ç–æ—Ä –ø–æ Python

 JDoodle IDE Overview
–û–±–∑–æ—Ä –≤–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞ PythoncTutor>
, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –ø–æ–º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º –Ω–∞–≥–ª—è–¥–Ω–æ
–û–±–∑–æ—Ä –≤–∞—à–µ–≥–æ Pythonc Tutor> –Ω–∞–≥–ª—è–¥–Ω–æ

Ideone

–æ–±–∑–æ—Ä –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å—Å–∫–æ–≥–æ –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä—Ñ–µ–π—Å–∞ ideone. & nbsp;

–ò–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–µ—Å–Ω–∞—è –æ—Å–æ–±–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å Ideone.com –∑–∞–∫–ª—é—á–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ —Ç–æ–º, —á—Ç–æ —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–ª–µ–Ω–∏–µ, —á—Ç–æ –≤ –Ω–µ–º –µ—Å—Ç—å —Å—Ä–µ–¥–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è, —Ç–∞–∫–∞—è –∫–∞–∫ Hackerrank, Leetcode –∏–ª–∏ Visual Studio. –ö–æ–¥. –≠—Ç–æ –æ—Ç–ª–∏—á–Ω–∞—è —Å—Ä–µ–¥–∞ IDE –¥–ª—è —Ç–µ—Å—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –Ω–µ–±–æ–ª—å—à–∏—Ö —Ñ—Ä–∞–≥–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ –∫–æ–¥–∞, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–±–µ–¥–∏—Ç—å—Å—è, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç. –ü–æ—Ö–æ–∂–µ, —á—Ç–æ –≤ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π –º–æ–º–µ–Ω—Ç —É –Ω–µ–µ –Ω–µ—Ç –≤–æ–∑–º–æ–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç–∏ —Ä–µ–∞–ª–∏–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –ø–æ–ª–Ω–æ–º–∞—Å—à—Ç–∞–±–Ω—ã–π –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç —Å –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–∏–º–∏ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞–º–∏ –∏–ª–∏ –ø–∞–ø–∫–∞–º–∏. –í —ç—Ç–æ–π —Å—Ç–∞—Ç—å–µ –º—ã & rsquo –ú—ã —Ä–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–µ–ª–∏, –∫–∞–∫ –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç—Å—è Python, –∏ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –æ–Ω–ª–∞–π–Ω-—Ä–µ—Å—É—Ä—Å–æ–≤, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –Ω–∞ Python –∏ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ. –í—ã –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã –Ω–∞—á–∞—Ç—å —Å–≤–æ–π –ø—É—Ç—å, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å—Ç–∞—Ç—å —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—á–∏–∫–æ–º Python –∏–ª–∏ —Å–ø–µ—Ü–∏–∞–ª–∏—Å—Ç–æ–º –ø–æ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º!

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –±—É—Ç–∫–µ–º–ø–∞ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–∏—Ö —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π. –ü–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ª–æ–∂–µ–Ω–∏–µ –ø—Ä–æ–π—Ç–∏ –∫—É—Ä—Å —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø—Ä–æ–≤–µ–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –≤ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–µ –∫ –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–µ, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä–≤–∞—è —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞.

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