Python Input: пошаговое руководство

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ Python input () –∏ raw_input () –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç—Å—è –¥–ª—è —Å–±–æ—Ä–∞ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å—Å–∫–æ–≥–æ –≤–≤–æ–¥–∞. input () –∑–∞–º–µ–Ω–∏–ª raw_input () –≤ Python 3 –∏ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏—Ö –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏—è—Ö. –û–±–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞—é—Ç –≤–≤–æ–¥–∏–º—ã–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª–µ–º –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –≤ –≤–∏–¥–µ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∏.

–û–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–∞ –≤–≤–æ–¥–∏–º—ã—Ö –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª–µ–º –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö - –≤–∞–∂–Ω–∞—è —á–∞—Å—Ç—å –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è.

–ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —Å–ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏—Ç—å —É –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –µ–≥–æ –≤–æ–∑—Ä–∞—Å—Ç. —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –≤—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç—å, —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç –ª–∏ –∏–º —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–µ—à–∏—Ç—å –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ –≤–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Å–∞–π—Ç–∞. –ò–ª–∏ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏—Ç—å –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –≤–≤–µ—Å—Ç–∏ —Å–≤–æ–µ –∏–º—è, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –≤—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –¥–ª–∏–Ω—É. –ö–∞–∫–∏–µ –±—ã –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –≤–∞–º –Ω–∏ –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–µ–±–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏—Å—å –æ—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è, –≤–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–± –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å –∏—Ö –∫–∞–∫–∏–º-–ª–∏–±–æ –æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–º.

–ò–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ –∑–¥–µ—Å—å –Ω–∞ –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å –ø—Ä–∏—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è Python input (). Input (), –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω–∞—è —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è –≤ Python, –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –∫–æ–¥–∏—Ä–æ–≤—â–∏–∫–∞–º –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∞—Ç—å –∏–Ω—Ñ–æ—Ä–º–∞—Ü–∏—é —á–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –∫–ª–∞–≤–∏–∞—Ç—É—Ä—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—É—é –æ–Ω–∏ –º–æ–≥—É—Ç –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–∞—Ç—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ Python. –í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –º—ã —Ä–∞–∑–±–µ—Ä–µ–º –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤—ã Python input ().

–ü–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å—Å–∫–∏–π –≤–≤–æ–¥ Python: —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ

–ü—Ä–∏–Ω—è—Ç–∏–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å—Å–∫–æ–≥–æ –≤–≤–æ–¥–∞ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∞—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –æ—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –≤–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã –≤–∞—à–µ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –≤–∞–º –Ω–µ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –∑–∞–≤–∏—Å–µ—Ç—å –æ—Ç —É–∂–µ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–∏—Ö –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π –∏–ª–∏ —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–≥–æ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ –¥–ª—è –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ –≤–∞—à–µ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã.

Python 3.x –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ input () –¥–ª—è –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, –≤–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª–µ–º. –í Python 2.x –≤—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ raw_input ().

–ö–æ–≥–¥–∞ –º—ã –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ–º —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é –≤–≤–æ–¥–∞, –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –ø—Ä–∏–æ—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è. –ü—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤–æ–∑–æ–±–Ω–æ–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –∫–∞–∫ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç —á–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –æ–±–æ–ª–æ—á–∫—É Python –∏–ª–∏ –∫–æ–º–∞–Ω–¥–Ω—É—é —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É. –ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º —Å–ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏—Ç—å —É –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –µ–≥–æ –∞–¥—Ä–µ—Å —ç–ª–µ–∫—Ç—Ä–æ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø–æ—á—Ç—ã.

–ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –ø—Ä–∏–æ—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞—Ç—å—Å—è, –ø–æ–∫–∞ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –Ω–µ –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç –≤ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É –∏ –Ω–µ –Ω–∞–∂–º–µ—Ç –∫–ª–∞–≤–∏—à—É enter. –ü–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω –Ω–∞–∂–∞—Ç—å –∫–ª–∞–≤–∏—à—É –≤–≤–æ–¥. –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –∫–ª—é—á —Å–æ–æ–±—â–∞–µ—Ç Python, —á—Ç–æ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –∑–∞–≤–µ—Ä—à–∏–ª –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∫—É —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç–∞ –≤ –æ–±–æ–ª–æ—á–∫—É.

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã –≤ —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏—Ö —Å–ø–µ—Ü–∏–∞–ª–∏—Å—Ç–∞—Ö –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –ø–æ—Å–µ—â–µ–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è. –ü–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≥–ª–∞—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—å —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ —Å–º–µ–Ω—É –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—ã, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è input () –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É. input () –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–æ–≤–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–µ –≤–≤–æ–¥–∞, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è –ª—é–±–æ–π —Ç–∏–ø –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö. –ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç, –≤ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ —Å –ø–ª–∞–≤–∞—é—â–µ–π –∑–∞–ø—è—Ç–æ–π. input () –ø–æ–¥–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ Python 3.x.

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è input () —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç —Ç–∞–∫ –∂–µ, –∫–∞–∫ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è raw_input (). input () –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å:

–°–æ–æ–±—â–µ–Ω–∏–µ - —ç—Ç–æ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—É—é –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –æ—Ç–æ–±—Ä–∞–∂–∞—Ç—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—é –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ª–∞–≥–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤–≤–µ—Å—Ç–∏ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç. –≠—Ç–æ —Å–æ–æ–±—â–µ–Ω–∏–µ –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω–æ —Å–æ–æ–±—â–∏—Ç—å –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—é, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–∏—Ç—å –¥–µ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∏–µ. –í –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –∑–∞–ø—É—Ç–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è, –ø–æ—á–µ–º—É –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –Ω–µ –ø—Ä–æ–¥–æ–ª–∂–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è.

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏–º –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å —Å–≤–æ–π –∞–¥—Ä–µ—Å —ç–ª–µ–∫—Ç—Ä–æ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø–æ—á—Ç—ã –≤ –æ–±–æ–ª–æ—á–∫—É:

< p> –ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ input (), —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏—Ç—å –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –≤–≤–µ—Å—Ç–∏ —Å–≤–æ–π –∞–¥—Ä–µ—Å —ç–ª–µ–∫—Ç—Ä–æ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø–æ—á—Ç—ã. –°–æ–æ–±—â–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –º—ã –∑–∞–∫–ª—é—á–∏–ª–∏ –≤ —Å–∫–æ–±–∫–∏, –æ—Ç–æ–±—Ä–∞–∂–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª–∏ –≤ —Ç–æ–π –∂–µ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω –≤–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç—å —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç.

–ú—ã —Å–æ—Ö—Ä–∞–Ω—è–µ–º –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—É—é. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–º –≤–µ—Ä–Ω—É—Ç—å—Å—è –∫ –≤–≤–æ–¥—É –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –ø–æ–∑–∂–µ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ.

–í–æ—Ç —Ä–µ–∑—É–ª—å—Ç–∞—Ç –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞:

–ù–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è —Å–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏–ª–∏ –≤—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å —Å–≤–æ–π –∞–¥—Ä–µ—Å —ç–ª–µ–∫—Ç—Ä–æ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø–æ—á—Ç—ã. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ —Ä–∞—Å–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞–ª–∞ —Å–æ–æ–±—â–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–æ—Å—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –≤–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª–µ–º. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –≤–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª–µ–º, –±—ã–ª–æ —É—Å–ø–µ—à–Ω–æ —Å–æ—Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–µ–Ω–æ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ.

Python raw_input () –≤ –≤–µ—Ä—Å–∏–∏ 2

raw_input () –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å—Å–∫–∏–π –≤–≤–æ–¥. –ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ raw_input () —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —ç–∫–≤–∏–≤–∞–ª–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–º Python 2.x –¥–ª—è Python 3 ’s input ().

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è raw_input () –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ª–æ–∂–∏—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—é –≤–≤–µ—Å—Ç–∏ —Ç–µ–∫—Å—Ç –≤ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É. –≠—Ç–∏ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞—é—Ç—Å—è, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –Ω–∞–∂–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç return key.

raw_input () –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –æ–¥–∏–Ω –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä : —Å–æ–æ–±—â–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∞–µ—Ç, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –æ–Ω –∑–∞–ø—Ä–∞—à–∏–≤–∞—é—Ç—Å—è –¥–ª—è –≤–≤–æ–¥–∞. –≠—Ç–æ —Ç–æ –∂–µ —Å–∞–º–æ–µ, —á—Ç–æ –∏ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ input (), –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –º—ã –æ–±—Å—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∏ —Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ.

–í–æ—Ç –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ Python raw_input () –≤ –¥–µ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∏–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç –≤–≤–æ–¥ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∞ –í–≤–µ–¥–∏—Ç–µ —Å–≤–æ–π –∞–¥—Ä–µ—Å —ç–ª–µ–∫—Ç—Ä–æ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø–æ—á—Ç—ã:

–ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏—Ç –Ω–∞—Å –≤–≤–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –Ω–∞—à –∞–¥—Ä–µ—Å —ç–ª–µ–∫—Ç—Ä–æ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø–æ—á—Ç—ã. –ü–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤–≤–æ–¥–∞ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –º—ã –Ω–∞–∂–∏–º–∞–µ–º Enter. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–º –æ—Ç–ø—Ä–∞–≤—å—Ç–µ –∞–¥—Ä–µ—Å —ç–ª–µ–∫—Ç—Ä–æ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø–æ—á—Ç—ã –≤ –Ω–∞—à—É –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É. –∞–¥—Ä–µ—Å —Å–æ—Ö—Ä–∞–Ω—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π email –Ω–∞ –±—É–¥—É—â–µ–µ.

–ö–æ–≥–¥–∞ –º—ã –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞–µ–º –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –∏ –¥–∞–µ–º –µ–º—É –Ω–∞—à –∞–¥—Ä–µ—Å —ç–ª–µ–∫—Ç—Ä–æ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø–æ—á—Ç—ã, –Ω–∞—à–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≥–ª–∞—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞–Ω–æ —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–º –æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–º:

–ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ —É—Å–ø–µ—à–Ω–æ —Å–æ—Ö—Ä–∞–Ω—è–µ—Ç –≤—Ö–æ–¥–Ω–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –æ—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã –ø–æ–ø—ã—Ç–∞–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å raw_input () –≤ Python 3, –≤—ã —Å—Ç–æ–ª–∫–Ω–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å —Å " NameError: name & lsquo ; raw_input " –Ω–µ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–æ " –æ—à–∏–±–∫–∞. –©–µ–ª–∫–Ω–∏—Ç–µ –∑–¥–µ—Å—å, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø—Ä–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à–µ —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ –æ —Ç–æ–º, –∫–∞–∫ –∏—Å–ø—Ä–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å —ç—Ç—É –æ—à–∏–±–∫—É .

–¢–∏–ø—ã –≤–≤–æ–¥–∞

–ü–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ input () –∏ raw_input () –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑—É—é—Ç –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ, –≤–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª–µ–º, –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—Ç—å —Å–æ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–æ–π, —ç—Ç–æ –Ω–µ –ø—Ä–æ–±–ª–µ–º–∞. –ù–æ –µ—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—Ç—å —Å —Ü–µ–ª—ã–º —á–∏—Å–ª–æ–º –∏–ª–∏ –¥—Ä—É–≥–∏–º —Ç–∏–ø–æ–º –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, –≤–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –∏–∑–º–µ–Ω–∏—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –≤—Ä—É—á–Ω—É—é.

–î–ª—è —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –≤—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö Python –¥–ª—è –∏–∑–º–µ–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è —Ç–∏–ø–∞ –∏–º–µ—é—â–∏—Ö—Å—è —É –≤–∞—Å –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö. –í–æ—Ç –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –∑–∞–ø—Ä–∞—à–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç —É –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –µ–≥–æ –≤–æ–∑—Ä–∞—Å—Ç, –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –æ–¥–∏–Ω –≥–æ–¥ –∫ –µ–≥–æ –≤–æ–∑—Ä–∞—Å—Ç—É –∏ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ:

"–ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–Ω–∞—è –∫–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —è –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–µ–π –Ω—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∞—Å—å, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –Ø –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–∂—É –∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–º—É –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—é. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ —è –Ω–∞—à–ª–∞ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∞ –º–æ–∏–º —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏! "

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç –≤ Rockbot

–ú—ã –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑—É–µ–º –≤–æ–∑—Ä–∞—Å—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –≤ —Ü–µ–ª–æ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è int () —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –ø—Ä–∏–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ–º 1 –∫ —ç—Ç–æ–º—É –≤–æ–∑—Ä–∞—Å—Ç—É. –í –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–Ω–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞ –º—ã –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ–º –Ω–∞—à–µ–º—É –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—é –ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –Ω–∞ —ç–∫—Ä–∞–Ω–µ –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–µ —Å –∫–æ—Ä–æ—Ç–∫–∏–º —Å–æ–æ–±—â–µ–Ω–∏–µ–º. –í–æ—Ç –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤ –¥–µ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∏–∏:

–í –∫–∞—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ –∞–ª—å—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω–∞—Ç–∏–≤—ã –º—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã –æ–±–µ—Ä–Ω—É—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä input () —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–µ–π int (). –≠—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑—É–µ—Ç –Ω–∞—à–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ —Å—Ä–∞–∑—É –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –∫–∞–∫ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –±—ã–ª–æ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–æ. –í–æ—Ç –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä:

–ú—ã –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤–æ–∑—Ä–∞—Å—Ç–∞ –≤ —Ü–µ–ª–æ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ.

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ input () –∏ raw_input () —à–∏—Ä–æ–∫–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç—Å—è –≤ Python. . –ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –æ—Ç –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è, –≤–∞–º –ø–æ–Ω–∞–¥–æ–±–∏—Ç—Å—è –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –≤ –∫–∞–∫–æ–π-—Ç–æ –º–æ–º–µ–Ω—Ç.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –º—ã —Ä–∞–∑–æ–±—Ä–∞–ª–∏, –∫–∞–∫ input () –∏ raw_input () —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—é—Ç –≤ Python. –¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –≤—ã —ç–∫—Å–ø–µ—Ä—Ç –ø–æ —Å–±–æ—Ä—É –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, –≤–≤–æ–¥–∏–º—ã—Ö –ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª–µ–º –≤ Python! –ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –æ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–∏ –Ω–∞ Python, –ø—Ä–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—à –†—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ –ø–æ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—é –Ω–∞ Python .

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