Индекс Python: пошаговое руководство

–ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python index () –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ –∏–ª–∏ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ. index () –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–∏–º–µ–Ω—å—à–∏–π —Ä–µ–∑—É–ª—å—Ç–∏—Ä—É—é—â–∏–π –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å –¥–ª—è —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞. ValueError –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è, –µ—Å–ª–∏ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç –¥–µ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∏—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–í–æ–∑–º–æ–∂–Ω–æ, –≤—ã –∑–∞—Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ –≤–∞—à–∏—Ö –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö. –ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, —á—Ç–æ —É –≤–∞—Å –µ—Å—Ç—å —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –∏–∑ –¥–µ—Å—è—Ç–∏ –ª—É—á—à–∏—Ö —Ö–ª–µ–±–æ–±—É–ª–æ—á–Ω—ã—Ö –∏–∑–¥–µ–ª–∏–π, –ø—Ä–æ–¥–∞–≤–∞–µ–º—ã—Ö –≤ –ø–µ–∫–∞—Ä–Ω–µ. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é Banana Cake –≤ —ç—Ç–æ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–í–æ—Ç –≥–¥–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≥–æ–¥–∏—Ç—Å—è –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python index (). index () –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞, –ø—Ä–∏ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –∫–æ–Ω–∫—Ä–µ—Ç–Ω—ã–π —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ –∏–ª–∏ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ. –í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –º—ã –ø–æ–¥—Ä–æ–±–Ω–æ —Ä–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ index () —Å–æ —Å—Å—ã–ª–∫–æ–π –Ω–∞ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä.

Python index () Method

–ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python index () –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ –∏–ª–∏ —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª –∏–ª–∏ –¥–∏–∞–ø–∞–∑–æ–Ω —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª–æ–≤ –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ. –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –æ–¥–∏–Ω –∞—Ä–≥—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç: —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ –∏–ª–∏ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ.

–ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ index () –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç —Ç–æ—Ç –∂–µ —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å, –Ω–µ–∑–∞–≤–∏—Å–∏–º–æ –æ—Ç —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –∏—â–µ—Ç–µ –ª–∏ –≤—ã —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –∏–ª–∏ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∞. –≠—Ç–æ —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–æ —Å —Ç–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã –∫–∞–∫ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ, —Ç–∞–∫ –∏ –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–æ–≤–æ–º —Ç–∏–ø–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∏–¥–µ–Ω—Ç–∏—Ñ–∏—Ü–∏—Ä—É—é—Ç—Å—è –Ω–æ–º–µ—Ä–∞–º–∏ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞.

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –ø–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º –Ω–∞ —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–∞ index ():

value_name.index (item, start_pos_end_pos)

–°—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–æ–≤—ã–π –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ index () –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç —Ç—Ä–∏ –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä–∞:

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ, –ø–æ –∏—Ö –º–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—é, –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω—ã –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ç—Ä—É–¥–æ—É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∞ –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–∏—Ö —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –ø–æ—Å–µ—â–µ–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è. –ü—Ä–æ–π–¥–∏—Ç–µ –∫—É—Ä—Å –æ–±—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—É—é –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –ø—Ä–µ–¥–º–µ—Ç, –¥–ª—è –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≥–æ –≤—ã –Ω–µ –≤—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç –≤ –æ–∫–æ–Ω—á–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω—ã–π —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫, –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –≤–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç –æ—à–∏–±–∫—É Python ValueError.

index () –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –ø–µ—Ä–≤—ã–π —ç–∫–∑–µ–º–ø–ª—è—Ä —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ –∏–ª–∏ —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª –∏–ª–∏ —Ñ—Ä–∞–∑—É –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∞.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π —ç–∫–∑–µ–º–ø–ª—è—Ä —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞, —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–æ–≤–æ–≥–æ —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª–∞ –∏–ª–∏ —Ñ—Ä–∞–∑—ã, –≤–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –ø–µ—Ä–≤—ã–π —ç–∫–∑–µ–º–ø–ª—è—Ä. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—á–∞—Ç—å –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ —Å —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–≥–æ —ç–∫–∑–µ–º–ø–ª—è—Ä–∞. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ Python –Ω–µ –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ—Ç —ç–∫–∑–µ–º–ø–ª—è—Ä, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã —É–∂–µ –Ω–∞—à–ª–∏ —Å–Ω–æ–≤–∞.

Python List index ()

–ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python list index () –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–æ–º–µ—Ä –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –∫–æ–Ω–∫—Ä–µ—Ç–Ω—ã–π —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç. –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ. index () –≤–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç –ø–µ—Ä–≤—É—é –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π –æ—Ç–æ–±—Ä–∞–∂–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç, –µ—Å–ª–∏ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —ç–∫–∑–µ–º–ø–ª—è—Ä–æ–≤ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞.

Python String index () –ü—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä

–ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, –≤—ã —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å –æ—Ä–≥–∞–Ω–∏–∑–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –º–µ—Å—Ç–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∑–∞–±–µ–≥–∞. –í–∞—Å –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–∏–ª–∏ —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞—Ç—å –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª–∏—Ç –ª—é–¥—è–º —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å —Å–≤–æ–µ –º–µ—Å—Ç–æ –≤ –∑–∞–±–µ–≥–µ.

–£ –≤–∞—Å –µ—Å—Ç—å —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –≤—Å–µ—Ö —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π —É–ø–æ—Ä—è–¥–æ—á–µ–Ω –ø–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏, –∑–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –æ–Ω–∏ –∑–∞–≤–µ—Ä—à–∏–ª–∏ –≥–æ–Ω–∫—É. –í–∞—à–∞ —Ü–µ–ª—å - —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞—Ç—å –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∞–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ —á–µ–ª–æ–≤–µ–∫–∞ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—â–∏—Ö —ç—Ç–æ—Ç –∫–æ–¥:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º :

–í –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞ –º—ã –æ–±—ä—è–≤–∏—Ç—å –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤ Python —Å –∏–º–µ–Ω–µ–º members. –í —ç—Ç–æ–º –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω—è—Ç—Å—è –∏–º–µ–Ω–∞ –≤—Å–µ—Ö —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –≥–æ–Ω–∫–∏, —É–ø–æ—Ä—è–¥–æ—á–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –ø–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –∏—Ö —Ñ–∏–Ω–∏—à–∞ –≤ –≥–æ–Ω–∫–µ. . –í —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ –º—ã –æ–±—ä—è–≤–ª—è–µ–º –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—É—é Python , –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—Å—è –∏–º—è —á–µ–ª–æ–≤–µ–∫–∞, —á—å–µ –∑–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–π—Ç–µ –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–π –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python index (), —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º –≤ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –≠—Ä–Ω–∏ –ë–æ–ª—Ç–æ–Ω. –í –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–Ω–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ –º—ã –ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞–µ–º –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞, –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–æ–º index (). –ü–æ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫—É –≠—Ä–Ω–∏ –ë–æ–ª—Ç–æ–Ω –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–∏ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ 3 –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ, –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç 3.

–ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ index () –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–µ –≤—Ö–æ–∂–¥–µ–Ω–∏–µ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç –≤ –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ. –ò—Ç–∞–∫, –µ—Å–ª–∏ —É –≤–∞—Å –µ—Å—Ç—å –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –æ–¥–∏–Ω–∞–∫–æ–≤—ã—Ö –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π –≤ –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ, –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–µ–Ω–∞ —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—è –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ –¥–ª—è –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è.

–ö—Ä–æ–º–µ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –µ—Å–ª–∏ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã –∏—â–µ—Ç–µ, –Ω–µ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç –≤ –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ, –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–µ–Ω–∞ –æ—à–∏–±–∫–∞ ValueError. –í–æ—Ç –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä –Ω–∞—à–µ–π –≤—ã—à–µ—É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã, –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—é—â–µ–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –õ–∏–Ω–¥—Å–∏ –ü–æ–ª—Å–æ–Ω –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ, –∫—Ç–æ –Ω–µ —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª:

–ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç: < / p>

Python String index ()

–ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python string index () –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞, –ø—Ä–∏ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–∞—è –ø–æ–¥—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∞. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –ü–æ–¥—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∞ Python –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–Ω–∞, –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ index () –≤–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞, —Å –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≥–æ –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –ø–æ–¥—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∞. –í –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –≤–æ–∑–Ω–∏–∫–∞–µ—Ç –æ—à–∏–±–∫–∞.

–ü—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä Python String index ()

–î–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º, —É –Ω–∞—Å –µ—Å—Ç—å —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∞ —Å –∏–º–µ–Ω–∞–º–∏ —É—á–∞—â–∏—Ö—Å—è, –∏ –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —ç—Ç–æ –∏–º—è Joey –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ. –ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π –∫–æ–¥ –¥–ª—è –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è —ç—Ç–æ–π –∑–∞–¥–∞—á–∏:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç: 7.

–°–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –º—ã –æ–±—ä—è–≤–ª—è–µ–º –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—É—é —Å –∏–º–µ–Ω–µ–º student_names, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –∏–º–µ–Ω–∞ –Ω–∞—à–∏—Ö —Å—Ç—É–¥–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω—è—Ç—Å—è –≤ –≤–∏–¥–µ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∏. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –≤ —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é index (), —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞, —Å –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è Joey –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ. –ù–∞–∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü, –º—ã –≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∏–º —ç—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª—å, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –≤ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –±—ã–ª–æ 7.

–î–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º, –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–µ –¥–≤–∞ "–î–∂–æ—É–∏". –ú—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π —ç–∫–∑–µ–º–ø–ª—è—Ä –µ–≥–æ –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏. –ú—ã –∑–Ω–∞–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ –∏–º—è –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–≥–æ –î–∂–æ—É–∏ –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ 7. –ú—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä start, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø—Ä–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏—Ç—å –≤—Å–µ —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª—ã –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ–º –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ 7 –∏ –ø—Ä–æ–¥–æ–ª–∂–∏—Ç—å –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫.

"–ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–∞ –ö–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω—å —Ç–æ–≥–¥–∞, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —è –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–µ–π –Ω—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∞—Å—å, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –º–Ω–µ –ø—Ä–æ–π—Ç–∏ –∫—É—Ä—Å –æ–±—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ —è –Ω–∞—à–µ–ª —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∞ –º–æ–∏–º —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏!"

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç Rockbot

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–º –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π " Joey " –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª–æ–≤ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç: 28.

–£–∫–∞–∑–∞–≤ –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä 8, –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –∑–Ω–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –î–∂–æ—É–∏ –Ω–µ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –∏—Å–∫–∞—Ç—å –≤ –ª—é–±–æ–π –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–∏ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ 7 –∏–ª–∏ –Ω–∏–∂–µ. –ò—Ç–∞–∫, –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç 28, —Ç–æ –µ—Å—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞, –ø—Ä–∏ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π Joey –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ.

–£–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–∏–µ –∫–æ–Ω–µ—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä–∞

–¢–æ—á–Ω–æ —Ç–∞–∫ –∂–µ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å –∫–æ–Ω–µ—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω –∑–∞–∫–æ–Ω—á–∏—Ç—å—Å—è –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫. –°–∫–∞–∂–µ–º, –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º –∏–º—è –§—Ä–µ–¥–∞ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ. –ú—ã –∑–Ω–∞–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ –µ–≥–æ –∏–º—è —Å—Ç–æ–∏—Ç –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥ –≤—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º –î–∂–æ—É–∏.

–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –∏–º—è –§—Ä–µ–¥–∞, –∑–Ω–∞—è, —á—Ç–æ –∏–º—è –∏–¥–µ—Ç –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≥–æ –î–∂–æ—É–∏, –º—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π –∫–æ–¥:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç: 12.

–ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ index () –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è–µ—Ç –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –º–µ–∂–¥—É –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è–º–∏ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ 8 –∏ 28. –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ. –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç 12, –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é, —Å –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π –∏–º—è –§—Ä–µ–¥–∞ –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ.

–¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –¥–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º, —á—Ç–æ –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º –•–∞–Ω–Ω—É –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ, –∫—Ç–æ –µ—â–µ –Ω–µ –ø–æ–ø–∞–ª –≤ –Ω–∞—à –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å. –≠—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ—Ç –∫ —Ç–æ–º—É, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç ValueError, –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É —á—Ç–æ –µ–µ –∏–º—è –µ—â–µ –Ω–µ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç. –í–æ—Ç —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Å—Ü–µ–Ω–∞—Ä–∏–π, –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π –≤ –∫–æ–¥–µ:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–ú–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python index () –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ, —Å–∏–º–≤–æ–ª–∞ –∏–ª–∏ —Ñ—Ä–∞–∑—ã –≤ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–µ. –°–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–∞: string.index (item, start, end).

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –º—ã –æ–±—Å—É–¥–∏–ª–∏ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python array index () –∏ —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫—É index () –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥. –ú—ã –∏–∑—É—á–∏–ª–∏ —Å–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –∫–∞–∂–¥–æ–≥–æ –∏–∑ —ç—Ç–∏—Ö –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–æ–≤ –∏ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–æ–≤, –¥–æ–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—é—â–∏—Ö –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –∑–Ω–∞–Ω–∏—è.

–•–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –æ —è–∑—ã–∫–µ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è Python? –ü—Ä–æ—á—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ –ø–æ –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—é Python . –≠—Ç–æ —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –ª—É—á—à–∏—Ö —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã—Ö —Ä–µ—Å—É—Ä—Å–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥—É—Ç –≤–∞–º –ø—Ä–∏–æ–±—Ä–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –Ω–∞–≤—ã–∫–∏, –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º—ã–µ –¥–ª—è —Ç–æ–≥–æ, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å—Ç–∞—Ç—å —ç–∫—Å–ø–µ—Ä—Ç–æ–º –ø–æ Python.

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