Операторы импорта Python: руководство

–û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ Python –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤ –≤–∞—à –∫–æ–¥. –ú–æ–¥—É–ª—å - —ç—Ç–æ —Ñ–∞–π–ª, —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∞—â–∏–π —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è, –Ω–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —Å—Å—ã–ª–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –∏–∑ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã. –°–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞: import modulename.

Python —Å–æ–ø—Ä–æ–≤–æ–∂–¥–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è —Ä—è–¥–æ–º –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–π, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è—é—Ç –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å –æ–±—â–∏–µ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–∏ –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ. int (),, –Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑—É–µ—Ç –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤ —Ü–µ–ª–æ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ. sum () –≤—ã—á–∏—Å–ª—è–µ—Ç —Å—É–º–º—É –≤—Å–µ—Ö —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–•–æ—Ç—è —ç—Ç–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –º–æ–≥—É—Ç –±—ã—Ç—å –ø–æ–ª–µ–∑–Ω—ã, –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç—å —Å–≤–æ–∏ —Å–æ–±—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤–æ –≤—Å–µ–π –∫–æ–¥–æ–≤–æ–π –±–∞–∑–µ. –í–æ—Ç —Ç—É—Ç-—Ç–æ –∏ –ø—Ä–∏–≥–æ–¥—è—Ç—Å—è –º–æ–¥—É–ª–∏ Python.

–ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –æ–±—Å—É–¥–∏—Ç—å –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤—ã –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–π Python. –ú—ã —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –æ–±—Å—É–¥–∏–º, –∫–∞–∫ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤ –≤–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ Python.

–ß—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å Python?

–ú–æ–¥—É–ª–∏ Python - —ç—Ç–æ .py —Ñ–∞–π–ª—ã, —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∞—â–∏–µ –∫–æ–¥ Python. & nbsp; –õ—é–±–æ–π —Ñ–∞–π–ª Python –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –±—ã—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–º. –ú–æ–¥—É–ª–∏ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç—Å—è –¥–ª—è –≥—Ä—É–ø–ø–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∫–∏ —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞ –≤ –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–µ, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –≤—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –ø–æ–≤—Ç–æ—Ä–Ω–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –æ–¥–∏–Ω –∏ —Ç–æ—Ç –∂–µ –∫–æ–¥ –≤ —Ä–∞–∑–Ω—ã—Ö —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞—Ö.

–ú–æ–¥—É–ª–∏, –∏–Ω–æ–≥–¥–∞ –Ω–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ–º—ã–µ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–∞–º–∏, –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è—é—Ç –≤–∞–º —Å—Å—ã–ª–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –Ω–∞ –∑–∞—Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–π –∫–æ–¥, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å –æ–±—â–∏–µ –∑–∞–¥–∞—á–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø—Ä–∏—Ö–æ–¥—è—Ç –≤–æ –º–Ω–æ–≥–∏—Ö –≤–∞—à–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞—Ö.

–ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, —Å–∫–∞–∂–µ–º, –≤—ã —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–µ—Ç–µ —Å–ª–æ–∂–Ω—É—é –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω–∞ —á–∏—Ç–∞—Ç—å –±–æ–ª—å—à–æ–π –æ–±—ä–µ–º –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∏–∑ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –¥–ª—è –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –¥–µ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∏—è. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—å –∫–æ–¥ —á—Ç–µ–Ω–∏—è —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ –≤ –¥—Ä—É–≥–æ–º –º–µ—Å—Ç–µ, —á—Ç–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º —É–ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç–∏—Ç—å —á—Ç–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤–∞—à–µ–π –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–Ω–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã.

–î–ª—è –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–∞ –∫ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—é –≤ Python –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä import. –û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ —Å—á–∏—Ç—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç –∫–æ–¥ –≤ –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ Python –∏ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –≤ –¥—Ä—É–≥–æ–º —Ñ–∞–π–ª–µ.

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –ø–æ—Å–µ—â–µ–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∫—É—Ä—Å–∞. –ü—Ä–æ–π–¥–∏—Ç–µ –∫—É—Ä—Å –æ–±—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—É—é –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–ú–Ω–æ–≥–∏–µ –∏–∑ –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–π –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ –≤ –≤–∞—à–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞—Ö —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —á–∞—Å—Ç—å—é —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–¥–∞—Ä—Ç–Ω–æ–π –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏ Python. –≠—Ç–∞ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∞ —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —á–∞—Å—Ç—å—é –∫–∞–∂–¥–æ–≥–æ —ç–∫–∑–µ–º–ø–ª—è—Ä–∞ Python. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å, —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∞—â–∏–π—Å—è –≤ —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–¥–∞—Ä—Ç–Ω–æ–π –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–µ Python, –±–µ–∑ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∏ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è –≤ –≤–∞—à—É —Å–∏—Å—Ç–µ–º—É. –í—ã —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å pip –¥–ª—è —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∫–∏ –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–π –∏–ª–∏ –¥–∞–∂–µ —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞—Ç—å —Å–≤–æ–∏ —Å–æ–±—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ.

–ö–∞–∫ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ Python

–û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ Python –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç –∫–æ–¥ –∏–∑ –æ–¥–Ω–æ–≥–æ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è –≤ –¥—Ä—É–≥—É—é –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤–µ—Å—å –∫–æ–¥ –∏–∑ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è, —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–≤ –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–µ —Å–ª–æ–≤–æ import, –∑–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å.

–æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è –≤ –≤–µ—Ä—Ö–Ω–µ–π —á–∞—Å—Ç–∏ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ Python –ø–æ–¥ –ª—é–±—ã–º–∏ –∫–æ–º–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞—Ä–∏—è–º–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –º–æ–≥—É—Ç —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å. –≠—Ç–æ —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–æ —Å —Ç–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–π –∏–ª–∏ –ø–∞–∫–µ—Ç–æ–≤ –≤ –≤–µ—Ä—Ö–Ω–µ–π —á–∞—Å—Ç–∏ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ –¥–µ–ª–∞–µ—Ç —Å—Ç—Ä—É–∫—Ç—É—Ä—É –≤–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —è—Å–Ω–æ–π.

–°–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞:

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –ø–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º –Ω–∞ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ Python.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –±—ã –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–µ–ª–∏ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫—É sys, –º—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å:

–ü—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ Python

–ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å —Å –∏–º–µ–Ω–µ–º time –≤ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É. –ú–æ–¥—É–ª—å time —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —á–∞—Å—Ç—å—é —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–¥–∞—Ä—Ç–Ω–æ–π –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏ Python, –ø–æ—ç—Ç–æ–º—É –Ω–∞–º –Ω–µ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥.

–ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä—É–π—Ç–µ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π –∫–æ–¥:

–¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –º—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —ç—Ç–æ—Ç –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å, –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å –∫ –Ω–µ–º—É –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø —á–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥. –í –ø—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–º –≤—ã—à–µ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–µ –º—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –≤ –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥, –ø–æ—ç—Ç–æ–º—É —Ç–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø –∫–æ –≤—Å–µ–º —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è–º time –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–Ω–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ.

–î–ª—è –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –∫–æ–¥ –≤ –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ, –Ω–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å —É–Ω–∏–∫–∞–ª—å–Ω–æ–µ –ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω—Å—Ç–≤–æ –∏–º–µ–Ω –¥–ª—è –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è. –ú—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è —Ç–æ—á–µ—á–Ω—É—é –Ω–æ—Ç–∞—Ü–∏—é.

–ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é sleep () –≤ –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏. –ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞:

–°–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –º—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ–º –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏. Python –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤ —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–¥–∞—Ä—Ç–Ω–æ–π –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–µ –∏ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç –µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º " time.sleep " –¥–ª—è —Å—Å—ã–ª–∫–∏ –Ω–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é sleep (), –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—É—é –≤ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏. –¢–∞–∫–∏–º –æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–º, –≤ —Ç–æ—á–µ—á–Ω–æ–π –Ω–æ—Ç–∞—Ü–∏–∏ –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –∏–º—è –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è, –∑–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç —Ç–æ—á–∫–∞, –∞ –∑–∞—Ç–µ–º –∏–º—è —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, –∫ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø.

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –∂–¥–∞—Ç—å —Ç—Ä–∏ —Å–µ–∫—É–Ω–¥—ã, –∞ –∑–∞—Ç–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –∑–∞–≤–µ—Ä—à–∏—Ç—Å—è. < / p>

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤–∞–º –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–µ—Å–Ω–æ —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –æ —Ç–æ–º, –∫–∞–∫ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ Python, –ø—Ä–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ –ø–æ Python time –¥–ª—è –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞—é—â–∏—Ö .

import Python: Add Multiple Modules

–î–æ —Å–∏—Ö –ø–æ—Ä –º—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ –æ–¥–∏–Ω –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤ –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥. –û–¥–Ω–∞–∫–æ –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å—Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–π, —Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –∑–∞—Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º.

–ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª–∏ time –∏ random (–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ —è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è —á–∞—Å—Ç—å—é —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–¥–∞—Ä—Ç–Ω–æ–π –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∏ Python) –≤ –Ω–∞—à—É –∫–æ–¥. –ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞:

–¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –º—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —ç—Ç–∏ –º–æ–¥—É–ª–∏, –º—ã –º–æ–∂–µ–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∏—Ö —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ Python –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ. –ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º —Å–≥–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–ª—É—á–∞–π–Ω–æ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ –æ—Ç 1 –¥–æ 10, –∑–∞—Ç–µ–º –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è. –ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —ç—Ç–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã:

"–ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–Ω–∞—è –∫–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —è –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–µ–π –Ω—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∞—Å—å, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –º–Ω–µ –ø—Ä–æ–π—Ç–∏ –∫—É—Ä—Å –æ–±—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ —è –Ω–∞—à–ª–∞ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∞ –º–æ–∏–º —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏! "

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç –≤ Rockbot

< p> –ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ Python –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–°–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –º—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ–º –º–æ–¥—É–ª–∏ " time " –∏ " random & rdquo ;. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é random.randint () –¥–ª—è –≥–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–∏ —Å–ª—É—á–∞–π–Ω–æ–≥–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º —Ç–æ—Ç –∂–µ –∫–æ–¥ –∏–∑ –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–µ–¥—ã–¥—É—â–µ–≥–æ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–∞, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –∏ —Ä–∞—Å–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª–∏.

import Python: –ò—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ from

–û–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä import –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤—Å–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –∏–∑ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è –≤ –≤–∞—à –∫–æ–¥. < / p>

–û–¥–Ω–∞–∫–æ —á–∞—Å—Ç–æ –≤–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–π –∏–ª–∏ —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –æ–¥–Ω—É. –í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä from. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —Ç–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å. –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ.

–°–∏–Ω—Ç–∞–∫—Å–∏—Å –¥–ª—è –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–∞ from:

–ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é choice () –∏–∑ " random " –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫—É –≤ –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥. –≠—Ç–æ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —Ç–∞–∫:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–µ —Å–ª–æ–≤–æ from, –∑–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç random, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å–æ–æ–±—â–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à–µ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ, —á—Ç–æ –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–ø–µ—Ü–∏–∞–ª—å–Ω–∞—è —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è –∏–∑ " random " –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–µ —Å–ª–æ–≤–æ import, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å–æ–æ–±—â–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à–µ–º—É –∫–æ–¥—É, –∫–∞–∫—É—é —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å.

–ü—Ä–∏ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–∏ –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–≥–æ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞ from –¥–ª—è –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ –≤—ã –Ω–µ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è —Ç–æ—á–µ—á–Ω—É—é –Ω–æ—Ç–∞—Ü–∏—é. –ö–∞–∫ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –≤–∏–¥–µ—Ç—å –≤—ã—à–µ, –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è random.choice () –¥–ª—è –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø–∞ –∫ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ random.choice () –∏–∑ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è random –º—ã –ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º choice ( ).

–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –æ random.choice (), –æ–∑–Ω–∞–∫–æ–º—å—Ç–µ—Å—å —Å –Ω–∞—à–∏–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ–º Python random.choice () .

-–ª–µ–≤–∞: 1em; padding-right: 1em; "> " –ë–û–õ–¨–®–ï: & nbsp; Python TypeError: unhashable type: ’slice’ –†–µ—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ

import Python: –ø—Å–µ–≤–¥–æ–Ω–∏–º—ã –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–π

–ò–º—è –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é, –ø—Ä–∏—Å–≤–æ–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è–º –≤ –≤–∞—à–µ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ, - —ç—Ç–æ –∏–º—è –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è.

–û–¥–Ω–∞–∫–æ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –ø–µ—Ä–µ–æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç—å –∏–º—è –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –∫–ª—é—á–µ–≤–æ–≥–æ —Å–ª–æ–≤–∞ as. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ–ª–µ–∑–Ω–æ, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –∏–º—è –º–æ–¥—É–ª—è –∫–æ–Ω—Ñ–ª–∏–∫—Ç—É–µ—Ç —Å –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—É—é –≤—ã –æ–±—ä—è–≤–∏–ª–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–µ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ. –≠—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –ø–æ–ª–µ–∑–Ω–æ, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ —Å–æ—Å–ª–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –Ω–∞ –¥—Ä—É–≥–æ–π –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å —Å —Ç–∞–∫–∏–º –∂–µ –∏–º–µ–Ω–µ–º.

–ü—Ä–µ–¥–ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–∏–º, –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –≤ –≤–∞—à –∫–æ–¥. –ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏ –∏ –ø—Ä–∏—Å–≤–æ–∏—Ç—å –µ–º—É –ø—Å–µ–≤–¥–æ–Ω–∏–º t. –ú—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –±—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–≤—Ä–µ–º—è –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–∞ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏–ª–∞ –∞–ª–∏—é —Å —Ç. –ö–æ–≥–¥–∞ –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º —Å–æ—Å–ª–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –Ω–∞ –ª—é–±—É—é —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é –≤ –±–∏–±–ª–∏–æ—Ç–µ–∫–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏, –º—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å t –∏ —Ç–æ—á–µ—á–Ω—É—é –Ω–æ—Ç–∞—Ü–∏—é.

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–ò–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–π - –≤–∞–∂–Ω–∞—è —á–∞—Å—Ç—å —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞ —Å Python, –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è—é—â–∞—è –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, –Ω–µ —è–≤–ª—è—é—â–∏–µ—Å—è —á–∞—Å—Ç—å—é –≤–∞—à–µ–π –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–Ω–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã. –ú–æ–¥—É–ª–∏, —Å –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º–∏ –≤—ã —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç–µ, –º–æ–≥—É—Ç –±—ã—Ç—å —á–∞—Å—Ç—å—é Python, —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é pip –∏–ª–∏ —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤–∞–º–∏.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤–æ–∑–Ω–∏–∫–ª–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–±–ª–µ–º–∞, –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ–±—É–π—Ç–µ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å –≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–∏—è –∂—É—Ä–Ω–∞–ª–∞ Python –≤ —Å–≤–æ–π –∫–æ–¥. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –ø–æ–ø—Ä–æ–±—É–π—Ç–µ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å random.randint () –≤ —Å–≤–æ–π –∫–æ–¥. –ö–æ–≥–¥–∞ –≤—ã –ø–æ–≤—Ç–æ—Ä–Ω–æ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç–µ randint (), –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä—É–π—Ç–µ —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é randint (). –ù–µ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä—É–π—Ç–µ –≤–µ—Å—å –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å. –í–∞–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å " from " –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä.

–ü–æ—Å–ª–µ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –∫–∞–∫ –≤—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é randint (), –ø—Ä–æ–≤–µ—Ä—å—Ç–µ, —É—Å–ø–µ—à–Ω–æ –ª–∏ –≤—ã –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—å. –í—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–≥–æ –∫–æ–¥–∞:

print (random.randint (1, 9))

–≠—Ç–æ—Ç –∫–æ–¥ –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞—Ç—å —Å–ª—É—á–∞–π–Ω–æ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ –æ—Ç –æ–¥–Ω–æ–≥–æ –¥–æ –¥–µ–≤—è—Ç–∏.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ —Å –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–∞–º–∏ –æ–±—Å—É–∂–¥–∞—é—Ç—Å—è –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤—ã –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–π Python –∏ —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–±—ã –∏—Ö –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç–∞ –≤ –∫–æ–¥. –¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –≤—ã –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã –ø—Ä–∏—Å—Ç—É–ø–∏—Ç—å –∫ –∏–º–ø–æ—Ä—Ç—É –º–æ–¥—É–ª–µ–π, –∫–∞–∫ –ø—Ä–æ—Ñ–µ—Å—Å–∏–æ–Ω–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç Python!

–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å —Ä–µ–∫–æ–º–µ–Ω–¥–∞—Ü–∏–∏ –ø–æ –ª—É—á—à–∏–º —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–º —Ä–µ—Å—É—Ä—Å–∞–º, –∫—É—Ä—Å–∞–º –∏ –∫–Ω–∏–≥–∞–º Python, –æ–∑–Ω–∞–∫–æ–º—å—Ç–µ—Å—å —Å –Ω–∞—à–∏–º –≤—Å–µ–æ–±—ä–µ–º–ª—é—â–∏–º –†—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ –ø–æ –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—é Python .

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