Python AttributeError: практическое руководство

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–ê—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç—ã - —ç—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –∏–ª–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ —Å –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–æ–º, —Ç–∏–ø–æ–º –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∏–ª–∏ –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–æ–º. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç–µ –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç –¥–ª—è –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è, —Ç–∏–ø –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∏–ª–∏ –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≥–æ –Ω–µ –ø–æ–¥–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç —ç—Ç–æ—Ç –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç, –≤—ã —Å—Ç–æ–ª–∫–Ω–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å —Å –æ—à–∏–±–∫–æ–π AttributeError.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –æ–±—Å—É–∂–¥–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è, —á—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ AttributeError –∏ —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç. –ú—ã —Ä–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä AttributeError, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –≤—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å, –∫–∞–∫ –∏—Å–ø—Ä–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å –µ–µ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–µ–º –∫–æ–¥–µ.

–ß—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ Python AttributeError?

Python AttributeError –≤–æ–∑–Ω–∏–∫–∞–µ—Ç –ø—Ä–∏ –ø–æ–ø—ã—Ç–∫–µ –¥–ª—è –≤—ã–∑–æ–≤–∞ –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç–∞ –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–∞, —Ç–∏–ø –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≥–æ –Ω–µ –ø–æ–¥–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç —ç—Ç–æ—Ç –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥. –ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –ø–æ–ø—ã—Ç–∫–∞ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python append () –¥–ª—è —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∏ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –æ—à–∏–±–∫—É AttributeError, –ø–æ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫—É —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∏ –Ω–µ –ø–æ–¥–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–≤–∞—é—Ç append ().

–í –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–µ Python –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª—è—Ç—å –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥—ã –∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è, –æ–±—â–∏–µ –¥–ª—è –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç—ã —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–∞. –í–æ—Ç –ø–æ—á–µ–º—É –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ª—é–¥–∏ –¥—É–º–∞—é—Ç –æ –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–∞—Ö –∫–∞–∫ –æ —Å—Ö–µ–º–∞—Ö –¥–ª—è –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–æ–≤.

–í—ã–∑–æ–≤ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–∞ –∏–ª–∏ –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–∞ - —ç—Ç–æ –µ—â–µ –æ–¥–∏–Ω —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–± —Å–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç—å, —á—Ç–æ –≤—ã —Å—Å—ã–ª–∞–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å –Ω–∞ –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–∞. –û–¥–∏–Ω –∏–∑ —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–±–æ–≤ –¥—É–º–∞—Ç—å –æ–± –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç–µ - —ç—Ç–æ –∫–∞–∫ –æ —Ñ–∏–∑–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–æ–º –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç–µ —á–µ–ª–æ–≤–µ–∫–∞. –£ –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã—Ö –ª—é–¥–µ–π –≥–æ–ª—É–±—ã–µ –≥–ª–∞–∑–∞. –£ –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã—Ö –ª—é–¥–µ–π –≤–æ–ª–æ—Å—ã –æ–∫—Ä–∞—à–µ–Ω—ã –≤ —Ä–æ–∑–æ–≤—ã–π —Ü–≤–µ—Ç. –≠—Ç–æ –≤—Å–µ –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç—ã.

–í –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–µ Python –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç–æ–º –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –±—ã—Ç—å " eye_color & rdquo ;. –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª—è—Ç—å —Ü–≤–µ—Ç –≥–ª–∞–∑ —á–µ–ª–æ–≤–µ–∫–∞. –ê—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –±—ã—Ç—å —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–µ–π. –§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è –ø–æ–¥ –Ω–∞–∑–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ–º changeEyeColor () –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –∏–∑–º–µ–Ω—è—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ " eye_color & rdquo ;.

–¢–∏–ø—ã –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∏–º–µ—é—Ç –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç—ã. –ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ Python join () –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–µ–æ–±—Ä–∞–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–∏ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫. –°—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–æ–≤—ã–µ –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç—ã –ø–æ–¥–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–≤–∞—é—Ç –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ join ().

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã –ø–æ–ø—ã—Ç–∞–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å —Å–æ—Å–ª–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –Ω–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é –∏–ª–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –Ω–µ —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–µ —Å –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–æ–º –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–∞ –∏–ª–∏ —Ç–∏–ø–æ–º –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, –≤—ã —Å—Ç–æ–ª–∫–Ω–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å —Å –æ—à–∏–±–∫–æ–π AttributeError .

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ç—Ä—É–¥–æ—É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∞ –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–∏—Ö —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –ø–æ—Å–µ—â–µ–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è. –ü–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≥–ª–∞—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –∫—É—Ä—Å —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∫—É—Ä—Å–∞ –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—É—é –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—à–µ–º –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É. —ç—Ç–æ –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω—è–µ—Ç –¥–≤–∞ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞ –æ–±—É–≤–∏. –î–≤–∞ –æ–±—É–≤–Ω—ã—Ö –º–∞–≥–∞–∑–∏–Ω–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–∂–∏–≤–∞—é—Ç —Å–ª–∏—è–Ω–∏–µ –∏ —Ö–æ—Ç—è—Ç —Å–æ—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç—å —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –≤—Å–µ–π —É–Ω–∏–∫–∞–ª—å–Ω–æ–π –æ–±—É–≤–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—É—é –æ–Ω–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–¥–∞—é—Ç.

–î–ª—è –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—å—Ç–µ " s –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä Python , —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∞—â–∏–π –æ–±—É–≤—å –∏–∑ –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–≥–æ –º–∞–≥–∞–∑–∏–Ω–∞, Harrisons Shoes:

–ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º —Ñ–∏–≥—É—Ä–Ω—ã–µ —Å–∫–æ–±–∫–∏ –¥–ª—è –æ–±–æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–∞. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –¥–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏–º –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä —Å –Ω–∞–∑–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è–º–∏ –æ–±—É–≤–∏, –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ª–∞–≥–∞–µ–º–æ–π –º–∞–≥–∞–∑–∏–Ω–æ–º, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å Harrisons. –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –æ–±—É–≤–Ω–æ–π –º–∞–≥–∞–∑–∏–Ω –Ω–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è Shoe Emporium:

–ü–æ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫—É —ç—Ç–∏ –¥–≤–µ –∫–æ–ª–ª–µ–∫—Ü–∏–∏ —è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–∞–º–∏, –æ–Ω–∏ –º–æ–≥—É—Ç —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—å —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —É–Ω–∏–∫–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –º—ã —Å–ª–æ–∂–∏–º –∏—Ö –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–µ, –º—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏–º –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä –±–µ–∑ –ø–æ–≤—Ç–æ—Ä—è—é—â–∏—Ö—Å—è –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π.

–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å–ª–æ–∂–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à–∏ –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä—ã –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–µ, –º—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω—É—é —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é –ø–æ–¥ –Ω–∞–∑–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ–º extend ():

extend () –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤—Å—é –æ–±—É–≤—å –∏–∑ " shoe_emporium " —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω –Ω–∞ " harrisons_shoes " —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–π. –ú—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–∫—Ü–∏—é Python print () . –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–º –≤–∏–¥–µ—Ç—å –≤—Å—é –æ–±—É–≤—å –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –Ω–æ–≤–æ–º –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–µ. –î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –∏ –ø–æ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º, —á—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–æ–∏–∑–æ–π–¥–µ—Ç:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –æ—à–∏–±–∫—É AttributeError.

–í –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–æ–æ–±—â–µ–Ω–∏–∏ –æ–± –æ—à–∏–±–∫–µ –≥–æ–≤–æ—Ä–∏—Ç—Å—è, —á—Ç–æ –º—ã –Ω–µ –º–æ–∂–µ–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ extend () –¥–ª—è –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–∞, —Ç–∏–ø –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≥–æ —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–æ–º. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É, —á—Ç–æ extend () - —ç—Ç–æ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞. –≠—Ç–æ –Ω–µ –ø–æ–¥–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–∞–º–∏.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –æ–±—ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à–∏ –¥–≤–∞ –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–∞, –º—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞–∫ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è:

–≠—Ç–æ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏—Ç —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–º–æ–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ " shoe_emporium " —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω –Ω–∞ " harrisons_shoes " —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–π. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞–µ–º –≤—Å–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤ " harrisons_shoes " —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Å–æ–ª—å. –î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞—à—É –Ω–æ–≤—É—é –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É:

–ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –∫–æ–º–ø–ª–µ–∫—Ç —Å–æ –≤—Å–µ–º–∏ –±–æ—Ç–∏–Ω–∫–∞–º–∏ –∏–∑ –Ω–∞—à–∏—Ö –¥–≤—É—Ö –æ—Ä–∏–≥–∏–Ω–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã—Ö –∫–æ–º–ø–ª–µ–∫—Ç–æ–≤. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–∏—Ö –∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—ã—Ö –¥–≤—É—Ö –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–∞—Ö –±—ã–ª–æ —à–µ—Å—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π, —Ç–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –∏—Ö –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –ø—è—Ç—å. –≠—Ç–æ —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–æ —Å —Ç–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ –¥–≤–µ —Ç—É—Ñ–ª–∏ –±—ã–ª–∏ –æ–¥–∏–Ω–∞–∫–æ–≤—ã–º–∏, –∏ –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä—ã –º–æ–≥—É—Ç —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—å —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —É–Ω–∏–∫–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è.

–ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä —Å–æ –≤—Å–µ–º–∏ —Ç—É—Ñ–ª—è–º–∏ –∏–∑ –Ω–∞—à–∏—Ö –¥–≤—É—Ö –∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—ã—Ö –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–æ–≤. –•–æ—Ç—è –≤ –Ω–∞—à–∏—Ö –∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—ã—Ö –¥–≤—É—Ö –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–∞—Ö –±—ã–ª–æ —à–µ—Å—Ç—å –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π, —Ç–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –∏—Ö –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –ø—è—Ç—å. –≠—Ç–æ —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–æ —Å —Ç–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ –¥–≤–µ –∏–∑ –æ–±—É–≤–∏ –±—ã–ª–∏ –æ–¥–∏–Ω–∞–∫–æ–≤—ã–º–∏, –∏ –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä—ã –º–æ–≥—É—Ç —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—å —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —É–Ω–∏–∫–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è.

–ü–æ–¥–æ–±–Ω—ã–µ –æ—à–∏–±–∫–∏ –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç–æ–≤ –¥–ª—è –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è

–û—à–∏–±–∫–∏ –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç–æ–≤ –Ω–µ–≤–µ—Ä–æ—è—Ç–Ω–æ —Ä–∞—Å–ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω–µ–Ω—ã. –û–Ω–∏ –º–æ–≥—É—Ç –≤–æ–∑–Ω–∏–∫–Ω—É—Ç—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –≤—ã –ø—ã—Ç–∞–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å –≤—ã–∑–≤–∞—Ç—å –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç—ã —Ç–∏–ø–æ–≤ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∏ –∫–ª–∞—Å—Å–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –Ω–µ –ø–æ–¥–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç, –Ω–∞ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã —Å—Å—ã–ª–∞–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å.

–≠—Ç–∏ –æ—à–∏–±–∫–∏ —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –º–æ–≥—É—Ç –±—ã—Ç—å –≤—ã–∑–≤–∞–Ω—ã –æ–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∫–æ–π –ø—Ä–∏ —Å—Å—ã–ª–∫–µ –Ω–∞ –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç. Python –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç –≤–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –∫–∞–∫ –µ—Å—Ç—å. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞–µ—Ç–µ –æ–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∫—É, –æ–Ω –±—É–¥–µ—Ç Python –ø–æ–∫–∞–∂–µ—Ç—Å—è, —á—Ç–æ –≤—ã –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç–µ –≤ –≤–∏–¥—É –Ω–µ—Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—â–∏–π –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç.

–ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è Python split () –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ –¥–ª—è —Ä–∞–∑–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è li —É–ª –æ–±—ã—á–Ω–∞—è. –ù–æ split () —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∫–æ–≤—ã–º –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–æ–º, –ø–æ—ç—Ç–æ–º—É –µ–≥–æ –Ω–µ–ª—å–∑—è –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–ª—è —Ä–∞–∑–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞.

–î–ª—è –¥–∞–ª—å–Ω–µ–π—à–µ–≥–æ –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è —Ä–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏—Ç–µ –≤–æ–∑–º–æ–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏—Ö –æ—à–∏–±–æ–∫:

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–û—à–∏–±–∫–∏ –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç–æ–≤ –≤ Python –≤–æ–∑–Ω–∏–∫–∞—é—Ç –ø—Ä–∏ —Å—Å—ã–ª–∫–µ –Ω–∞ –Ω–µ–¥–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏–º—ã–π –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç. –ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —É—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–Ω–∏—Ç—å —ç—Ç–∏ –æ—à–∏–±–∫–∏, —Å–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É–±–µ–¥–∏—Ç–µ—Å—å, —á—Ç–æ –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç–µ, —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º —É–±–µ–¥–∏—Ç–µ—Å—å, —á—Ç–æ –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω —Å –æ–±—ä–µ–∫—Ç–æ–º –∏–ª–∏ —Ç–∏–ø–æ–º –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, —Å –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º–∏ –≤—ã —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç–µ.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ —Ç—Ä–µ–±—É–µ–º—ã–π –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω —Å–æ –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º —Ç–∏–ø–æ–º –∏ –Ω–µ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç, –≤–∞–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç –∏—Å–∫–∞—Ç—å –∞–ª—å—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω–∞—Ç–∏–≤–∞. –ï—Å—Ç—å –∞–ª—å—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω–∞—Ç–∏–≤—ã –¥–ª—è –º–Ω–æ–≥–∏—Ö –∞—Ç—Ä–∏–±—É—Ç–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É—é—Ç –¥–ª—è –æ–¥–Ω–æ–≥–æ —Ç–∏–ø–∞ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–ª—è –¥—Ä—É–≥–æ–≥–æ —Ç–∏–ø–∞ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö. –ù–∞–ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä, –Ω–µ —Å—É—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–∞ extend () —Å –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–∞–º–∏, –Ω–æ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å union () –¥–ª—è —Å–æ–µ–¥–∏–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è —Å –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä–∞–º–∏.

"–ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–Ω–∞—è –∫–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –º–Ω–µ —ç—Ç–æ –±—ã–ª–æ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥ –º–Ω–µ —É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–∏—Ç—å—Å—è –≤ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—å. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ —è –Ω–∞—à–µ–ª —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∞ –º–æ–∏–º —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏! "

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç Rockbot

–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –æ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–∏–∏ –∫–æ–¥–∞ Python, –ø—Ä–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ –ø–æ –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—é Python .

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