Тренируйте свой мозг: вопросы на собеседовании с Data Engineer, которые вам зададут

–í –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–æ–≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–º –¥–µ–ª–æ–≤–æ–º —Å–æ–æ–±—â–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ –æ–ø—ã—Ç –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –ø–æ–¥–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –≤–∞—Å –Ω–∞–¥ –∫–æ–ª–ª–µ–≥–∞–º–∏ –∏ –Ω–∞–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç –≤–∞—Å –Ω–∞ –ø—É—Ç—å –∫ —É—Å–ø–µ—à–Ω–æ–π –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–µ. –õ—é–¥–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –ø–æ—Å–µ—â–∞—é—Ç —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –∫—É—Ä—Å –ø–æ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—é –∏–ª–∏ –∏–∑—É—á–∞—é—Ç —è–∑—ã–∫–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è, —Ç–∞–∫–∏–µ –∫–∞–∫ Scala, –∏–º–µ—é—Ç –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç—ã, –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º—ã–µ –¥–ª—è –ø–æ–ª—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –æ—Ç–ª–∏—á–Ω—ã—Ö –≤—ã—Å—Ç—É–ø–ª–µ–Ω–∏–π –∏ —Å–µ—Ä—å–µ–∑–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∑–∞—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–∞. –ù–æ —á—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ Scala –∏ –∫–∞–∫ –µ–≥–æ –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤–∏—Ç –≤–∞—Å –∫ —Ç–æ–º—É, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –Ω–∞—á–∞—Ç—å –ø–ª–∞–≤–∞—Ç—å –≤ –¥–æ–ª–ª–∞—Ä–æ–≤—ã—Ö –∫—É–ø—é—Ä–∞—Ö –≤ —Å—Ç–∏–ª–µ –°–∫—Ä—É–¥–∂–∞ –ú–∞–∫–¥–∞–∫–∞? –í–∞—à–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –±–µ—Å—Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ, –∏ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–∏–æ–±—Ä–µ—Ç–µ–Ω–∏—è —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —Å–∞–º—ã—Ö –ø–æ–ª–µ–∑–Ω—ã—Ö –∏ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º—ã—Ö –Ω–∞–≤—ã–∫–æ–≤.

0 –ö–æ–≥–¥–∞ –≤—ã –ø—Ä–æ–≤–æ–¥–∏—Ç–µ –∫–∞–∫–æ–µ-—Ç–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è –≤ —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è—à–Ω–µ–º –¥–µ–ª–æ–≤–æ–º –º–∏—Ä–µ, –≤—ã –±—É–¥–µ—Ç–µ —Å–ª—ã—à–∞—Ç—å –ª—é–¥–µ–π –±—Ä–æ—Å–∏—Ç—å —Å–ª–æ–≤–æ " data " –í–æ–∫—Ä—É–≥ –≤—Ä–æ–¥–µ –∫–∞–∫ —Ö–∞–∫–µ—Ä—Å–∫–∏–π –º–µ—à–æ–∫. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É, —á—Ç–æ –¥–æ—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∫–∞ –∏ –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–ø—Ä–µ—Ç–∞—Ü–∏—è –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –¥–≤–∏–∂—É—Ç —Å–æ–≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –∫–æ–º–ø–∞–Ω–∏—è–º–∏ –∏ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª—è—é—Ç –≤—Å–µ, –æ—Ç –ø—Ä–æ–¥—É–∫—Ç–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–¥–∞—é—Ç, –¥–æ –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã—Ö –æ–Ω–∏ —Ö–æ—Ç—è—Ç –¥–æ—Å—Ç–∏—á—å; –ò–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ —É–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª—è—é—Ç —ç—Ç–∏–º –∏ –æ–±–µ—Å–ø–µ—á–∏–≤–∞—é—Ç –µ–≥–æ –¥–æ—Å—Ç—É–ø –∫ —Å–ø–µ—Ü–∏–∞–ª–∏—Å—Ç–∞–º –ø–æ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º, –ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç—Å—è –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏–º —Å–ø—Ä–æ—Å–æ–º –≤ Amazon, Facebook –∏ –¥—Ä—É–≥–∏—Ö –∫–æ–º–ø–∞–Ω–∏—è—Ö –∫–æ—Ä–ø–æ—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–≥–æ —É—Ä–æ–≤–Ω—è. –ß—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç—å –æ—Ç–ª–∏—á–Ω—ã–µ —Ä–µ–∑—É–ª—å—Ç–∞—Ç—ã, –≤—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –±—ã—Ç—å –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã –æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞ –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å—ã –∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–≤—å—é –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞ –ø–æ –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∞—â–∏–µ –º–Ω–æ–∂–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Ç—Ä—É–¥–Ω–æ—Å—Ç–µ–π –∏ –≤–∞—Ä–∏–∞–Ω—Ç–æ–≤.

–ù–∞—à –≥–∏–¥ –ø–æ–º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º –Ω–µ–º–Ω–æ–≥–æ —É–ø—Ä–æ—Å—Ç–∏—Ç—å –ø—É—Ç–µ—à–µ—Å—Ç–≤–∏–µ. –í —ç—Ç–æ–π —Å—Ç–∞—Ç—å–µ –º—ã –¥–∞–µ–º –≤–∞–º –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–æ–≤ –Ω–∞ —Å–æ–±–µ—Å–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–∏ —Å –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞–º–∏ –ø–æ –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö Facebook –∏ Amazon, —Å –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º–∏ –≤—ã, –≤–µ—Ä–æ—è—Ç–Ω–æ, —Å—Ç–æ–ª–∫–Ω–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å –≤–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–≥–æ —Å–æ–±–µ—Å–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è. –ú–µ–Ω–µ–¥–∂–µ—Ä—ã –ø–æ –Ω–∞–π–º—É –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å, –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥—è—Ç –ª–∏ –Ω–∞–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ–º—ã–µ –∏–º–∏ –ª—é–¥–∏ –¥–ª—è —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã, –∏ –º—ã –∑–Ω–∞–µ–º, –∫–∞–∫–∏–µ –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å—ã –æ–Ω–∏ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø—Ä–∏–Ω—è—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ —Ä–µ—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ. –° –Ω–∞—à–µ–π –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –≤—ã –±—É–¥–µ—Ç–µ –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã –∫ —É—Å–ø–µ—à–Ω–æ–º—É —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–µ–º—É —Å–æ–±–µ—Å–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—é.

–î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –ø–æ–≥–æ–≤–æ—Ä–∏–º –æ —Å—Ö–µ–º–∞—Ö –¥–∏–∑–∞–π–Ω–∞

–ë–µ–ª–∞—è –±—É–º–∞–≥–∞ –¥–ª—è –ø—Ä–∏–Ω—Ç–µ—Ä–∞ 196645

–°–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –≤—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —Å–ª–æ–∂–Ω—ã—Ö –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–æ–≤ –∏, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã –∏–º –Ω—Ä–∞–≤–∏—Ç–µ—Å—å, –≤—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ —Å–æ–±–µ—Å–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ –¥–ª—è –∫–æ–Ω—Ü–µ—Ä—Ç–æ–≤ –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–æ–≤ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö. –≠—Ç–∏ –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å—ã –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–∞—é—Ç –æ—Ç—Å–µ—è—Ç—å –ø–æ–∑–µ—Ä–æ–≤ –∏ –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è—é—Ç –º–µ–Ω–µ–¥–∂–µ—Ä–∞–º –ø–æ –Ω–∞–π–º—É —Å–æ—Å—Ä–µ–¥–æ—Ç–æ—á–∏—Ç—å—Å—è –Ω–∞ –∫–≤–∞–ª–∏—Ñ–∏—Ü–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∫–∞–Ω–¥–∏–¥–∞—Ç–∞—Ö. –î–ª—è —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –≤—ã —Å—Ä–∞–∑—É –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å—ã –ø–æ –±–∞–∑–æ–≤—ã–º –∑–Ω–∞–Ω–∏—è–º, –∏ –≤–∞–º –ª—É—á—à–µ –±—ã—Ç—å –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã–º –≤–µ—Ä–Ω—É—Ç—å—Å—è —Å –æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç–æ–º. –¢–µ, –∫—Ç–æ –ø–æ–¥–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–¥–µ–∂–¥—ã –Ω–∞ –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∏—é –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –∏–º–µ—Ç—å –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã–µ —Å—Ö–µ–º—ã –ø—Ä–æ–µ–∫—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è & mdash; –≤—ã –ø–æ—á—Ç–∏ –Ω–∞–≤–µ—Ä–Ω—è–∫–∞ –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å—ã –Ω–∞ —Å–æ–±–µ—Å–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–∏ —Å –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞–º–∏ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö Amazon –∏ Facebook –ø–æ —ç—Ç–æ–π —Ç–µ–º–µ.

–ü—Ä–∏ –º–æ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–∏ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –æ–¥–∏–Ω –∏–∑ –¥–≤—É—Ö —Ç–∏–ø–æ–≤ —Å—Ö–µ–º—ã: –∑–≤–µ–∑–¥–∞ –∏ —Å–Ω–µ–∂–∏–Ω–∫–∞. –°—Ö–µ–º–∞ "–∑–≤–µ–∑–¥–∞" –¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞ —Ç–∞–±–ª–∏—Ü—É –∏–∑–º–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–∏–π –∏ —Ç–∞–±–ª–∏—Ü—É —Ñ–∞–∫—Ç–æ–≤. –í–Ω–µ—à–Ω–∏–µ –∫–ª—é—á–∏ –≤ —Ç–∞–±–ª–∏—Ü–µ —Ñ–∞–∫—Ç–æ–≤ –æ—Ç–Ω–æ—Å—è—Ç—Å—è –∫ –ø–µ—Ä–≤–∏—á–Ω—ã–º –∫–ª—é—á–∞–º –≤ —Ç–∞–±–ª–∏—Ü–µ –∏–∑–º–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–∏–π. –ú–µ–∂–¥—É —Ç–µ–º, —Å—Ö–µ–º–∞ "—Å–Ω–µ–∂–∏–Ω–∫–∞" —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —É—Ä–æ–≤–Ω–µ–π –Ω–æ—Ä–º–∞–ª–∏–∑–∞—Ü–∏–∏, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞–ø–æ–º–∏–Ω–∞–µ—Ç —Å–Ω–µ–∂–∏–Ω–∫—É. –û–±–µ —Å—Ö–µ–º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç—Å—è –∏ —è–≤–ª—è—é—Ç—Å—è —ç—Ñ—Ñ–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–Ω—ã–º–∏ –∏–Ω—Å—Ç—Ä—É–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞–º–∏ –¥–ª—è –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞ –ø–æ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º. & Nbsp;

–ß—Ç–æ –≤–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å—Ç–∞—Ç—å –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–æ–º –ø–æ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º?

–ù–∞–±–æ—Ä –≥–∞–µ—á–Ω—ã—Ö –∫–ª—é—á–µ–π 162553
–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å—Ç–∞—Ç—å –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–æ–º –ø–æ –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, –Ω—É–∂–µ–Ω —Ä–∞–±–æ—á–∏–π –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä –Ω–∞–≤—ã–∫–æ–≤. < / em>

–í–∞—à–µ —Å–æ–±–µ—Å–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ —Å –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–æ–º –ø–æ –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –±—É–¥–µ—Ç —Å–æ—Å—Ç–æ—è—Ç—å –∏–∑ –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–æ–≤ —Å –¥–æ—Å–∫–∏ –∏ –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ —Ä–∞—Å—Å–∫–∞–∂–∏—Ç–µ –æ —Å–≤–æ–µ–º –æ–ø—ã—Ç–µ –∏ –æ–ø—ã—Ç–µ. –ù–µ —É–¥–∏–≤–ª—è–π—Ç–µ—Å—å, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –≤—Å—Ç—Ä–µ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–æ–≤, —Ç—Ä–µ–±—É—é—â–∏—Ö –æ–±—à–∏—Ä–Ω—ã—Ö –∑–Ω–∞–Ω–∏–π –∏ –∏–º–µ—é—â–∏—Ö –ø—Ä–æ—á–Ω—É—é –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤—É. –° —ç—Ç–æ–π —Ü–µ–ª—å—é –≤—ã, –≤–µ—Ä–æ—è—Ç–Ω–æ, –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –≤–∞—Ä–∏–∞–Ω—Ç –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å–∞: " –û–ø–∏—à–∏—Ç–µ –Ω–∞–≤—ã–∫–∏, –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º—ã–µ –¥–ª—è —Ç–æ–≥–æ, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã —Å—Ç–∞—Ç—å –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–æ–º –ø–æ –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö " –ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –≤—ã–∏–≥—Ä–∞—Ç—å –∫–æ–Ω—Ü–µ—Ä—Ç, –æ—á–µ–Ω—å –≤–∞–∂–Ω–æ –∏–º–µ—Ç—å –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã–π –æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç.

–ù–µ—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä—è –Ω–∞ —Ç–æ, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞ —ç—Ç–æ—Ç –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –¥–∞—Ç—å —Å–∞–º—ã–µ —Ä–∞–∑–Ω—ã–µ –æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—ã –∏ –ø—Ä–∏ —ç—Ç–æ–º –±—ã—Ç—å —Ç–æ—á–Ω—ã–º–∏, –≤—ã –∑–∞—Ö–æ—Ç–∏—Ç–µ –≤–∫–ª—é—á–∏—Ç—å –≤ –Ω–µ–≥–æ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤. –í–∞–º, –∫–æ–Ω–µ—á–Ω–æ –∂–µ, –ø–æ–Ω–∞–¥–æ–±–∏—Ç—Å—è —Å–æ–ª–∏–¥–Ω—ã–π –º–∞—Ç–µ–º–∞—Ç–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏–π —Ñ–æ–Ω, –≤–µ—Ä–æ—è—Ç–Ω–æ—Å—Ç–Ω–∞—è —Ç–µ–æ—Ä–∏—è –∏ –ª–∏–Ω–µ–π–Ω–∞—è –∞–ª–≥–µ–±—Ä–∞. –ó–¥–µ—Å—å –æ—á–µ–Ω—å –≤–∞–∂–Ω–æ –ø—Ä–æ–π—Ç–∏ –Ω–µ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –∫—É—Ä—Å–æ–≤ –ø–æ —Å—Ç–∞—Ç–∏—Å—Ç–∏–∫–µ, —Ç–∞–∫–∏—Ö –∫–∞–∫ –∞–Ω–∞–ª–∏–∑ —Ç–µ–Ω–¥–µ–Ω—Ü–∏–π –∏ —Ä–µ–≥—Ä–µ—Å—Å–∏—è. –í–∞–º —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –ø–æ–Ω–∞–¥–æ–±–∏—Ç—Å—è –±–æ–ª—å—à–æ–π –æ–ø—ã—Ç —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã —Å —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤—ã–º –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–Ω—ã–º –æ–±–µ—Å–ø–µ—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ–º, –∏ –¥–ª—è –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –≤—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã —Ö–æ—Ä–æ—à–æ —Ä–∞–∑–±–∏—Ä–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –≤ Python, SAS, Hive QL –∏ –º–∞—à–∏–Ω–Ω–æ–º –æ–±—É—á–µ–Ω–∏–∏. < br>

–ü–æ—á–µ–º—É –∞–Ω–∞–ª–∏–∑ –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏—Ö –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö —Ç–∞–∫ –≤–∞–∂–µ–Ω?

 –ê–±—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–∫—Ç–Ω–æ–µ —Ö—É–¥–æ–∂–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ —Ä–∞–∑–º—ã—Ç–∏–µ –Ø—Ä–∫–æ–µ 373543 1 < width = "1000" height = "666" src = "https://744025.smushcdn.com/1245953/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/abstract-art-blur-bright-373543-1.jpg?lossy = 1 & strip = 1 & webp = 1 "alt =" –ê–±—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–∫—Ç–Ω–æ–µ —Ö—É–¥–æ–∂–µ—Å—Ç–≤–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–µ —Ä–∞–∑–º—ã—Ç–∏–µ –Ø—Ä–∫–æ–µ 373543 1 "class =" wp-image-11204 "srcset =" https://744025.smushcdn.com/1245953/wp-content/uploads/2020/01 /abstract-art-blur-bright-373543-1-20x13.jpg?lossy=1&strip=1&webp=1 20w, https://744025.smushcdn.com/1245953/wp-content/uploads/2020/ 01 / abstract-art-blur-bright-373543-1.jpg? Size = 234x156 & amp; lossy = 1 & amp; strip = 1 & amp; webp = 1 234w, https: // 744025. smushcdn.com/1245953/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/abstract-art-blur-bright-373543-1-385x256.jpg?lossy=1&strip=1&webp=1 385w, https: // 744025 .smushcdn.com / 1245953 / wp-content / uploads / 2020/01 / abstract-art-blur-bright-373543-1.jpg? size = 468x312 & amp; lossy = 1 & amp; strip = 1 & amp; webp = 1 468w, https: //744025.smushcdn.com/1245953/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/abstract-art-blur-bright-373543-1.jpg?size=702x468&lossy=1&strip=1&webp=1 702w , https://744025.smushcdn.com/1245953/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/abstract-art-blur-bright-373543-1-768x511.jpg?lossy=1&strip=1&webp=1 768w, https://744025.smushcdn.com/1245953/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/abstract-art-blur-bright-373543-1-770x513.jpg?lossy=1&strip=1&webp= 1 770w, https://744025.smushcdn.com/1245953/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/abstract-art-blur-bright-373543-1.jpg?size=936x623&lossy=1&strip=1& ; webp = 1936w, https://744025.smushcdn.com/1245953/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/abstract-art-blur-bright-373543-1.jpg?lossy=1& ; strip = 1 & amp; webp = 1 1000w "sizes =" (max-width: 1000px) 100vw, 1000px ">
–ù–∞–¥–æ –æ–±—ä—è—Å–Ω–∏—Ç—å —ç—Ç–∏ –ø–æ–¥–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –∫ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º.

–í —Å–æ–≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–º –±–∏–∑–Ω–µ—Å–µ –∫–æ–Ω—Ü–µ–ø—Ü–∏—è –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏—Ö –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—Å—è –≤—Å–µ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ –≤–∞–∂–Ω–æ–π. –ö–∞–∫ —Å–ø–µ—Ü–∏–∞–ª–∏—Å—Ç –ø–æ –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, —Ä–æ—Å—Ç –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏—Ö –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª –ø–æ–≤—ã—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤–∞—à–µ–π –¥–∏—Å—Ü–∏–ø–ª–∏–Ω—ã, –∏ –≤—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –±—ã—Ç—å –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã –æ–±—ä—è—Å–Ω–∏—Ç—å, –ø–æ—á–µ–º—É —ç—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–æ–∏–∑–æ—à–ª–æ. –¢–≤–µ—Ä–¥–æ–µ –æ–±—ä—è—Å–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏—Ö –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∏ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –ø–æ—á–µ–º—É –∫–æ–º–ø–∞–Ω–∏–∏ –ø–æ–ª–∞–≥–∞—é—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞ –Ω–∏—Ö, –ø—Ä–æ–∏–∑–≤–µ–¥–µ—Ç —Å–∏–ª—å–Ω–æ–µ –≤–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–ª–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞ –≤–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –º–µ–Ω–µ–¥–∂–µ—Ä–∞ –ø–æ –Ω–∞–π–º—É –∏ –ø—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–∞–≤–∏—Ç –≤–∞—Å –≤ —Ö–æ—Ä–æ—à–µ–º —Å–≤–µ—Ç–µ –¥–æ –∫–æ–Ω—Ü–∞ —Å–æ–±–µ—Å–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è. –ù–∞–π–¥–∏—Ç–µ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –ø–æ–¥–≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å –æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –ø–æ—Ä–∞–∑–∏—Ç –∏—Ö.

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ç—Ä—É–¥–æ—É—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π—Å—Ç–≤–∞ –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–∏—Ö —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –ø–æ—Å–µ—â–µ–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –∫—É—Ä—Å–∞. –ü—Ä–æ–π–¥–∏—Ç–µ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –∫—É—Ä—Å —É–∂–µ —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—É—é –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–ü—Ä–æ—â–µ –≥–æ–≤–æ—Ä—è, –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ - —ç—Ç–æ –∞–Ω–∞–ª–∏–∑ –≤—Å–µ—Ö –Ω–∞—Å. –ë–æ–ª—å—à–∏–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –∏—Å—Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—Ç –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏–µ –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä—ã —Å—Ç–∞—Ç–∏—Å—Ç–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏—Ö –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –æ –±–∏–∑–Ω–µ—Å–µ –∏–ª–∏ –ø–æ–≤–µ–¥–µ–Ω–∏–∏ –ª—é–¥–µ–π –∏ –∏–∑–≤–ª–µ–∫–∞—é—Ç –∏–∑ –Ω–∏—Ö —Ç–µ–Ω–¥–µ–Ω—Ü–∏–∏ –∏ —Ñ–∞–∫—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –º–æ–≥—É—Ç –±—ã—Ç—å –Ω–µ –æ—á–µ–≤–∏–¥–Ω—ã –ø—Ä–∏ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —Ç—â–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ–º –∞–Ω–∞–ª–∏–∑–µ. –ê–Ω–∞–ª–∏—Ç–∏–∫–∞ –ø–æ —Ç–∏–ø—É –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏—Ö –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç –ø—Ä–æ–≥–Ω–æ–∑–Ω—ã–π –∞–Ω–∞–ª–∏–∑ –¥–ª—è —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω–∏—è –∏–Ω–¥–∏–≤–∏–¥—É–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã—Ö —Ä–µ–∫–æ–º–µ–Ω–¥–∞—Ü–∏–π –¥–ª—è –∫–æ–º–ø–∞–Ω–∏–π. –≠—Ç–æ, –≤ —Å–≤–æ—é –æ—á–µ—Ä–µ–¥—å, –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç –ø—Ä–µ–¥–ø—Ä–∏—è—Ç–∏—è–º —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–≤–∞—Ç—å –ø—Ä–æ–¥—É–∫—Ç—ã, –ø—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∞–∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ –¥–ª—è –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –ø—É—Å—Ç—ã—Ö –Ω–∏—à –∏ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —ç—Ñ—Ñ–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–≥–æ —É–¥–æ–≤–ª–µ—Ç–≤–æ—Ä–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–µ–±–Ω–æ—Å—Ç–µ–π –∫–ª–∏–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤. –ö–æ–º–ø–∞–Ω–∏–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –∏–º–µ—é—Ç –¥–µ–ª–æ —Å –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏–º–∏ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏, –º–æ–≥—É—Ç —É–≤–µ–ª–∏—á–∏—Ç—å –¥–æ—Ö–æ–¥ –¥–æ 20 –ø—Ä–æ—Ü–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤. & Nbsp;

–ö–∞–∫–∏–µ –±—ã–≤–∞—é—Ç —Ç–∏–ø—ã –∫–æ–Ω—Ñ–∏–≥—É—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–π Hadoop?

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–ö–æ–¥–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏–µ –≥–ª—É–±–∏–Ω—ã —Ä–µ–∑–∫–æ—Å—Ç–∏ –∫–æ–º–ø—å—é—Ç–µ—Ä–Ω—ã—Ö –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö 577585
–í—Å–ø—ã—à–∫–∞ —ç—Ç–æ–π —á–≤–∞–Ω–ª–∏–≤–æ—Å—Ç–∏ Hadoop.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ –≤—ã —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç–µ –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–æ–º –ø–æ –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, –≤—ã & rsquo ; —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—Ç—å —Å Hadoop. –ö–æ–º–ø–∞–Ω–∏–∏ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç Hadoop –∫–∞–∫ —Å—Ä–µ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ —Ä–∞—Å–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–∏ –∏ —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏—Ö –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö; —ç—Ç–æ —Ñ—Ä–µ–π–º–≤–æ—Ä–∫ —Å –æ—Ç–∫—Ä—ã—Ç—ã–º –∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—ã–º –∫–æ–¥–æ–º, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –ø—Ä–µ–∫—Ä–∞—Å–Ω–æ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç –¥–ª—è —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω–∏—è —Å—Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –æ–¥–Ω–æ–≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö –∑–∞–¥–∞—á, –æ —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–Ω–∏–∏ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã—Ö –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –º–µ—á—Ç–∞—Ç—å. –í —Ö–æ–¥–µ —Å–æ–±–µ—Å–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –≤—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –≤—Å–µ–≤–æ–∑–º–æ–∂–Ω—ã–µ –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å—ã –ø–æ Hadoop, –≤–∫–ª—é—á–∞—è –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å—ã, –∫–∞—Å–∞—é—â–∏–µ—Å—è –∫–æ–Ω—Ñ–∏–≥—É—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–π. –ü–æ–¥–≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—å—Ç–µ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä—ã–π –æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç –∏ –ø—Ä–æ–∏–∑–≤–µ–¥–∏—Ç–µ –≤–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–ª–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–≥–æ –±—É–¥—É—â–µ–≥–æ –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª—å–Ω–∏–∫–∞.

–í Hadoop –µ—Å—Ç—å —á–µ—Ç—ã—Ä–µ —Ñ–∞–π–ª–∞ –∫–æ–Ω—Ñ–∏–≥—É—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–∏: Yarn-site.xml, Core-site.xml, Hdfs-site.xml –∏ Mapred-site.xml. Yarn-site.xml –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç –∫–æ–Ω—Ñ–∏–≥—É—Ä–∞—Ü–∏—é —Ñ–∞–π–ª, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π–∫–∏ –¥–ª—è NodeManager –∏ ResourceManager. –ú–µ–∂–¥—É —Ç–µ–º, Core-site.xml —Å–æ–¥–µ—Ä–∂–∏—Ç –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–Ω—ã–µ –Ω–∞—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π–∫–∏ –∫–æ–Ω—Ñ–∏–≥—É—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–∏ (–±–æ–ª—å—à–æ–π —Å—é—Ä–ø—Ä–∏–∑, –ø—Ä–∞–≤–¥–∞?) –¥–ª—è —Ç–∞–∫–∏—Ö —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ Hadoop, –∫–∞–∫ –Ω–∞—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–π–∫–∏ –≤–≤–æ–¥–∞-–≤—ã–≤–æ–¥–∞. –ò—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–π—Ç–µ Hdfs-site.xml –¥–ª—è –Ω–∞—Å—Ç—Ä–æ–µ–∫ –¥–µ–º–æ–Ω–∞ HDFS –∏ –¥–ª—è —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–∏—è —Ä–µ–ø–ª–∏–∫–∞—Ü–∏–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≤–µ—Ä–∫–∞ –∏ —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–µ—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞ –±–ª–æ–∫–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∫—É –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é. –ù–∞–∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü, –≤—ã –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å Mapred-site.xml –¥–ª—è –ø–µ—Ä–µ—á–∏—Å–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –∏–º–µ–Ω–∏ —Ñ—Ä–µ–π–º–≤–æ—Ä–∫–∞ –¥–ª—è MapReduce.

–ò –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤–æ, –ø—Ä–µ–∫—Ä–∞—Å–Ω—ã–µ –ª—é–¥–∏. –ö–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ –≤–∞–∫–∞–Ω—Å–∏–π –≤ –æ–±–ª–∞—Å—Ç–∏ —Ä–∞–∑—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–∏ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö —Ä–∞—Å—Ç–µ—Ç, –∏ –≤–∞–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å, –∏ –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–∏–Ω—è—Ç—å —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–∏–µ. –ú—ã —Å–æ–∑–¥–∞–ª–∏ —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ, –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º –∏–∑–ª–æ–∂–µ–Ω—ã –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å—ã —Å–æ–±–µ—Å–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è —Å –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–æ–º –ø–æ –æ–±—Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∫–µ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã—Ö, —Å –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º–∏ –≤—ã, —Å–∫–æ—Ä–µ–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ, —Å—Ç–æ–ª–∫–Ω–µ—Ç–µ—Å—å –ø—Ä–∏ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–µ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã. –í—Å–∫–æ—Ä–µ –≤—ã –±—É–¥–µ—Ç–µ –≥–æ—Ç–æ–≤—ã –∫ –ª—é–±–æ–º—É —Å–æ–±–µ—Å–µ–¥–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—é. estions –∏ –ø–æ–¥–æ–π–¥–∏—Ç–µ —Å —É–ª—ã–±–∫–æ–π.

–ù–∞—à –≥–∏–¥ —Ä–∞—Å—Å–∫–∞–∂–µ—Ç –≤–∞–º –≤—Å–µ –æ–± —ç—Ç–æ–º –∑–∞—Ö–≤–∞—Ç—ã–≤–∞—é—â–µ–º –∏ –æ—Ç–Ω–æ—Å–∏—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ –Ω–æ–≤–æ–º —è–∑—ã–∫–µ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è. –ú—ã —Ä–∞—Å—Å–∫–∞–∂–µ–º –≤–∞–º –æ–±–æ –≤—Å–µ—Ö –≤–æ–∑–º–æ–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è—Ö Scala –∏ –æ–±—ä—è—Å–Ω–∏–º, –ø–æ—á–µ–º—É –æ–Ω –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –∏–∑–º–µ–Ω–∏—Ç—å –≤–∞—à—É –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É –∫ –ª—É—á—à–µ–º—É. –í—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –∫—Ä–∞—Ç–∫–æ–µ –∏–∑–ª–æ–∂–µ–Ω–∏–µ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –∫–∞–∫ —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —è–∑—ã–∫ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è –ø–æ–∑–≤–æ–ª—è–µ—Ç —Å–ø—Ä–∞–≤–ª—è—Ç—å—Å—è —Å –∑–∞–¥–∞—á–∞–º–∏ —Å –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏–º–∏ –¥–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –∏ –Ω–∞—Å—Ç—Ä–∞–∏–≤–∞—Ç—å –æ–±—ä–µ–º –¥–ª—è –±–æ–ª—å—à–∏—Ö –∏–ª–∏ –º–∞–ª—ã—Ö –∑–∞–¥–∞—á. –ö —Ç–æ–º—É –≤—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–∏, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –≤—ã –¥–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞–µ—Ç–µ —ç—Ç—É —Å—Ç–∞—Ç—å—é, –≤—ã —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–µ—Ç–µ –∫–æ–Ω–≤–µ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω—ã–º –≤ Scala –∏ –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–∏—Ç–µ –µ–≥–æ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–π —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ —è–∑—ã–∫–æ–≤, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ –≤—ã—É—á–∏—Ç—å.

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