Python для двоичного поиска: пошаговое руководство

–ë–∏–Ω–∞—Ä–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ Python –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ –æ—Ç—Å–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–º –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ. –û–Ω –¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –ø–æ–ø–æ–ª–∞–º. –ï—Å–ª–∏ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤—ã—à–µ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–≥–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞, –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ —Ñ–æ–∫—É—Å–∏—Ä—É–µ—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞ –ø—Ä–∞–≤–æ–π —á–∞—Å—Ç–∏ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞. –í –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –∏—Å–∫–∞—Ç—å –Ω–æ–º–µ—Ä —Å–ª–µ–≤–∞ –æ—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞.

–ö–∞–∫ –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ? –ë–∏–Ω–∞—Ä–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç –≤–∞—à—É –∑–∞—â–∏—Ç—É. –ò—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫, –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –ª–µ–≥–∫–æ –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –ø–æ–ª–æ–∂–µ–Ω–∏–µ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ –æ—Ç—Å–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–º –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ.

–ö–æ–º–ø—å—é—Ç–µ—Ä—ã —Ö–æ—Ä–æ—à–∏ –¥–ª—è –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞—Ö, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –∫–æ–Ω–∫—Ä–µ—Ç–Ω—ã–π —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç. –ü—Ä–∞–≤–∏–ª–∞, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º—ã–µ –∫–æ–º–ø—å—é—Ç–µ—Ä–∞–º–∏ –¥–ª—è –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ, –Ω–∞–∑—ã–≤–∞—é—Ç—Å—è –∞–ª–≥–æ—Ä–∏—Ç–º–∞–º–∏ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞. –û–¥–Ω–∏–º –∏–∑ —Å–∞–º—ã—Ö –ø–æ–ø—É–ª—è—Ä–Ω—ã—Ö –∞–ª–≥–æ—Ä–∏—Ç–º–æ–≤ Python —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–µ –º—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –æ–±—Å—É–¥–∏—Ç—å, —á—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –∏ –∫–∞–∫ –æ–Ω–∏ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞—é—Ç. –ú—ã —Ä–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –≤ Python, —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –≤—ã –º–æ–≥–ª–∏ –Ω–∞—É—á–∏—Ç—å—Å—è –∑–∞–ø–∏—Å—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å –µ–≥–æ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã. –î–∞–≤–∞–π—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–∏—Å—Ç—É–ø–∏–º!

–ß—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫–æ–µ –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ Python?

–î–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ Python - —ç—Ç–æ –∞–ª–≥–æ—Ä–∏—Ç–º, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –Ω–∞—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ —É–ø–æ—Ä—è–¥–æ—á–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–º –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ. –ë–∏–Ω–∞—Ä–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –º–Ω–æ–≥–æ–∫—Ä–∞—Ç–Ω–æ –¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –Ω–∞ –¥–≤–µ –ø–æ–ª–æ–≤–∏–Ω—ã. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å—Ä–∞–≤–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤—ã—à–µ –∏–ª–∏ –Ω–∏–∂–µ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–ï—Å—Ç—å –¥–≤–∞ —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–±–∞ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–∏—Ç—å –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫. –û–±–∞ –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥–∞ —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞—é—Ç —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç—Å—è –¥–ª—è –æ—Ç—Å–ª–µ–∂–∏–≤–∞–Ω–∏—è —Å–∞–º–æ–π –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–æ–π –∏ —Å–∞–º–æ–π –Ω–∏–∑–∫–æ–π –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–∏ –≤ –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ–π —Ç–æ—á–∫–µ –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–∞.

–ü–µ—Ä–≤—ã–π –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç–µ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å, - —ç—Ç–æ –∏—Ç–µ—Ä–∞—Ü–∏–æ–Ω–Ω—ã–π –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥. –í —ç—Ç–æ–º –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥–µ –Ω–∞–±–æ—Ä –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–≤ –ø–æ–≤—Ç–æ—Ä—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –¥–ª—è –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–∏ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ –≤ –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ. –í Python –¥–ª—è —ç—Ç–æ–π —Ü–µ–ª–∏ –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ–º —Ü–∏–∫–ª while.

–î—Ä—É–≥–æ–π –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥ - —Ä–µ–∫—É—Ä—Å–∏–≤–Ω—ã–π –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥. –ó–¥–µ—Å—å –≤—ã –ø–∏—à–µ—Ç–µ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç —Å–µ–±—è —Å–Ω–æ–≤–∞ –∏ —Å–Ω–æ–≤–∞, –ø–æ–∫–∞ –Ω–µ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–Ω —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ. –†–µ–∫—É—Ä—Å–∏–≤–Ω—ã–π –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É–µ—Ç –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥ "—Ä–∞–∑–¥–µ–ª—è–π –∏ –≤–ª–∞—Å—Ç–≤—É–π", –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –º—ã –æ–±—Å—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∏ —Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ, –∏ –ø–æ–≤—Ç–æ—Ä—è–µ—Ç –ø—Ä–æ—Ü–µ—Å—Å –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –¥–æ —Ç–µ—Ö –ø–æ—Ä, –ø–æ–∫–∞ –Ω–µ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–Ω —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç.

81% —É—á–∞—Å—Ç–Ω–∏–∫–æ–≤ –∑–∞—è–≤–∏–ª–∏, —á—Ç–æ –æ–Ω–∏ –ø–æ—á—É–≤—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Å–µ–±—è –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —É–≤–µ—Ä–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–º–∏ –≤ —Å–≤–æ–∏—Ö –ø–µ—Ä—Å–ø–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–∞—Ö —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã –≤ —Å—Ñ–µ—Ä–µ —Ç–µ—Ö–Ω–æ–ª–æ–≥–∏–π –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –ø–æ—Å–µ—â–µ–Ω–∏—è —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è. . –ü–æ–ª—É—á–∏—Ç–µ –ø—Ä–∏–≥–ª–∞—à–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω—ã–π –∫—É—Ä—Å —Å–µ–≥–æ–¥–Ω—è.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–Ω–∏–∫ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –ø–æ—Ç—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–ª –º–µ–Ω–µ–µ —à–µ—Å—Ç–∏ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–µ–≤ –Ω–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–µ—Ö–æ–¥–Ω—É—é –∫–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä—É, –æ—Ç –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ —É—á–µ–±–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ª–∞–≥–µ—Ä—è –¥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–π —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—ã.

–°–æ –≤—Å–µ–º–∏ —ç—Ç–∏–º–∏ —Ä–∞–∑–≥–æ–≤–æ—Ä–∞–º–∏ –æ —Ä–∞–∑–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–∏–∏. –∏ –∑–∞–≤–æ–µ–≤—ã–≤–∞—è –∏ —Ä–µ–∫—É—Ä—Å–∏—é, –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –ª–µ–≥–∫–æ –ø–æ—Ç–µ—Ä—è—Ç—å –∏–∑ –≤–∏–¥—É, –∫–∞–∫ –∏–º–µ–Ω–Ω–æ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫. –ü–æ —ç—Ç–æ–π –ø—Ä–∏—á–∏–Ω–µ –º—ã —Å—Ä–∞–∑—É –ø–µ—Ä–µ–π–¥–µ–º –∫ –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—É —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –∫–∞–∫ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç–∞–µ—Ç –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫. –†–∞—Å—Å–º–æ—Ç—Ä–∏–º —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫:

7 9 14 22 34

–ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –∏—Å–∫–∞—Ç—å —á–∏—Å–ª–æ " 22 " –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–î–ª—è –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –º—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–∏—Ç—å –¥–≤–∞ —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—è –≤ –Ω–∞—à–∏—Ö —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞—Ö. –û–¥–∏–Ω —É–∫–∞–∑–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –æ—Ç—Ä–∞–∂–∞—Ç—å –Ω–∞–∏–≤—ã—Å—à–µ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ, –∞ –¥—Ä—É–≥–∞—è —Ç–æ—á–∫–∞ - —Å–∞–º–æ–µ –Ω–∏–∑–∫–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ:

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–ù–∞—à —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π —à–∞–≥ - –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–π —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç –≤ –º–∞—Å—Å–∏–≤–µ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π —Ä–∞–≤–µ–Ω 14. –ï—Å–ª–∏ —ç—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—é, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º, —Ç–æ —ç—Ç–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω–æ –±—ã—Ç—å –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–µ–Ω–æ.

–í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ 14 - —ç—Ç–æ –Ω–µ —Ç–æ –∂–µ —Å–∞–º–æ–µ, —á—Ç–æ 22. –ò—Ç–∞–∫, –Ω–∞—à–µ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–∏—Ç—å —Å—Ä–∞–≤–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ.

–ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è —Å—Ä–∞–≤–Ω–∏—Ç—å —á–∏—Å–ª–æ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º, —Å–æ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–º —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–º —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ —Å–ø—Ä–∞–≤–∞ –æ—Ç —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–≥–æ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–≥–æ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞. –ú—ã —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞–µ–º —ç—Ç–æ, —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –µ—Å–ª–∏ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–≥–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞. –í –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –º—ã —Å—Ä–∞–≤–Ω–∏–º —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç —Å–æ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–∏–º —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–º —Å–ª–µ–≤–∞ –æ—Ç —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–≥–æ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–≥–æ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞.

–ß–∏—Å–ª–æ 22 –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ 14. –ù–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞–µ—Ç —Å—Ä–∞–≤–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ 22 –∫ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–º—É —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç—É —Å –ø—Ä–∞–≤–æ–π —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω—ã –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Ç–µ–∫—É—â–µ–≥–æ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–≥–æ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–∞ (14). –í –¥–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ —ç—Ç–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ 22. –≠—Ç–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ —á–∏—Å–ª—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º.

–ú—ã –Ω–∞—à–ª–∏ –Ω–∞—à —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ. –¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞. –í —ç—Ç–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—è –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ 22 —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–∞ 3 (–ø–æ–º–Ω–∏—Ç–µ, —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∏ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∏—Ä—É—é—Ç—Å—è, –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞—è —Å 0!).

–ö–∞–∫ —Ä–µ–∞–ª–∏–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ò—Å–∫–∞—Ç—å –≤ Python

–ü—É—Å—Ç—å & rsq uo; s –∏—Å–ø–∞—á–∫–∞–µ–º —Ä—É–∫–∏ –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º –∫–æ–¥–æ–º Python. –ú—ã —Å–æ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º—Å—è –∏–∑—É—á–∏—Ç—å —Ä–µ–∞–ª–∏–∑–∞—Ü–∏—é –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –≤ Python, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è –æ–±–∞ –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–µ –º—ã –æ–±—Å—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∏ —Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ: –∏—Ç–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–≤–Ω—ã–π –∏ —Ä–µ–∫—É—Ä—Å–∏–≤–Ω—ã–π –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥—ã.

–ò—Ç–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–≤–Ω—ã–π –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ & nbsp; –≤ Python

–ú—ã " –ù–∞—á–Ω–µ–º —Å –∏—Ç–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–≥–æ –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥–∞. –ó–¥–µ—Å—å –º—ã –ø–µ—Ä–µ–±–∏—Ä–∞–µ–º –∫–∞–∂–¥—ã–π —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–º —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ. –ú—ã –ø—Ä–æ–¥–æ–ª–∂–∏–º –¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å —ç—Ç–æ, –ø–æ–∫–∞ –Ω–µ –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–º –∏—Å–∫–æ–º–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ.

–§—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞

–ù–∞—á–Ω–µ–º —Å –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è Python –¥–ª—è –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞:

–ù–∞—à–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è –ø—Ä–∏–Ω–∏–º–∞–µ—Ç –¥–≤–∞ –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä–∞: —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫, –ø–æ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–º—É –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –∏—Å–∫–∞—Ç—å, –∏ –Ω–æ–º–µ—Ä, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –≤ –Ω–∞—à —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –æ–±—ä—è–≤–∏–ª–∏ –¥–≤–µ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ–Ω–Ω—ã–µ Python , –≤ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã—Ö —Ö—Ä–∞–Ω—è—Ç—Å—è –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–æ —É–º–æ–ª—á–∞–Ω–∏—é –¥–ª—è —Å–∞–º–æ–≥–æ –Ω–∏–∑–∫–æ–≥–æ –∏ —Å–∞–º–æ–≥–æ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–æ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–π –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ. low —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω –Ω–∞ 0, —á—Ç–æ —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª—å–Ω—ã–º –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ–º –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ. high —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω –Ω–∞ –¥–ª–∏–Ω—É —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞ m inus –æ–¥–∏–Ω (–ø–æ—Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫—É —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∏ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∏—Ä—É—é—Ç—Å—è —Å –Ω—É–ª—è).

–°–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–º —à–∞–≥–æ–º –±—ã–ª–æ –æ–±—ä—è–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏–µ —Ü–∏–∫–ª–∞ Python while . –≠—Ç–æ—Ç —Ü–∏–∫–ª –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è–µ—Ç—Å—è, –ø–æ–∫–∞ –Ω–∞–∏–º–µ–Ω—å—à–∏–π —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç –º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ –∏–ª–∏ —Ä–∞–≤–µ–Ω –Ω–∞–∏–±–æ–ª—å—à–µ–º—É —á–∏—Å–ª—É. –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞—à —Ü–∏–∫–ª –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å—Å—è —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –≤ —Ç–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ, –µ—Å–ª–∏ –Ω–∞—à –Ω–æ–º–µ—Ä –µ—â–µ –Ω–µ –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–Ω.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –≤—ã—á–∏—Å–ª—è–µ–º —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ. –ú—ã –¥–µ–ª–∞–µ–º —ç—Ç–æ, –≤—ã—á–∏—Ç–∞—è –Ω–∞–∏–º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏–∑ –Ω–∞–∏–±–æ–ª—å—à–µ–≥–æ. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –≤—ã—á–∏—Å–ª—è–µ–º –ø–æ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—é (–æ—Å—Ç–∞—Ç–æ–∫) —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞ –ø—Ä–∏ –¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–∏–∏ –Ω–∞ 2. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ–º –ø–æ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—é –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–∞–∏–º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ–≥–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞.

–ï—Å–ª–∏ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ —Å–æ–≤–ø–∞–¥–∞–µ—Ç —Å —á–∏—Å–ª–æ–º –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏, –º—ã –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ–º –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞.

–ú—ã —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞–µ–º –Ω–∞—à –Ω–æ–≤—ã–π " low " —á–∏—Å–ª–æ –¥–æ–ª–∂–Ω–æ –±—ã—Ç—å –Ω–∞ –µ–¥–∏–Ω–∏—Ü—É –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–≥–æ. –≠—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–æ–∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç, –µ—Å–ª–∏ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ –º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ—â–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞—à –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –≤–Ω–∏–∑ –≤ –ª–µ–≤—É—é —á–∞—Å—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞, –∫–∞–∫ –º—ã –¥–µ–ª–∞–ª–∏ —ç—Ç–æ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –≤–∏–∑—É–∞–ª—å–Ω–æ–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–µ —Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ.

–í –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –º—ã —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∞–≤–ª–∏–≤–∞–µ–º –Ω–∞—à–µ " high " —á–∏—Å–ª–æ —Ä–∞–≤–Ω—ã–º –Ω–∞ –µ–¥–∏–Ω–∏—Ü—É –º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–π –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–∏. –≠—Ç–æ –ø–µ—Ä–µ–º–µ—â–∞–µ—Ç –Ω–∞—à –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –≤ –ø—Ä–∞–≤—É—é —á–∞—Å—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞.

" –ö–∞—Ä—å–µ—Ä–∞ –ö–∞—Ä–º–∞ –≤–æ—à–ª–∞ –≤ –º–æ—é –∂–∏–∑–Ω—å, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ —è –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –≤—Å–µ–≥–æ –≤ –Ω–µ–π –Ω—É–∂–¥–∞–ª–∞—Å—å, –∏ –±—ã—Å—Ç—Ä–æ –ø–æ–º–æ–≥–ª–∞ –º–Ω–µ –ø—Ä–æ–π—Ç–∏ –±—É—Ç–∫–µ–º–ø. –ß–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –¥–≤–∞ –º–µ—Å—è—Ü–∞ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ –≤—ã–ø—É—Å–∫–∞ —è –Ω–∞—à–ª–∞ —Ä–∞–±–æ—Ç—É —Å–≤–æ–µ–π –º–µ—á—Ç—ã, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤–æ–≤–∞–ª–∞ –º–æ–∏–º —Ü–µ–Ω–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—è–º –∏ —Ü–µ–ª—è–º –≤ –∂–∏–∑–Ω–∏! "

–í–µ–Ω–µ—Ä–∞, –∏–Ω–∂–µ–Ω–µ—Ä-–ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç –≤ Rockbot

< p> –≠—Ç–æ –ø–æ–≤—Ç–æ—Ä—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –¥–æ —Ç–µ—Ö –ø–æ—Ä, –ø–æ–∫–∞ low –Ω–µ —Å—Ç–∞–Ω–µ—Ç —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ high –∏–ª–∏ –º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ high. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –Ω–∞—à–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –Ω–µ –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–Ω–æ, –º—ã –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ–º -1. –ú—ã –ø–æ–≥–æ–≤–æ—Ä–∏–º –æ —Ç–æ–º, –ø–æ—á–µ–º—É —á–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –º–∏–Ω—É—Ç—É.

–í—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–∏—Ç—å –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫

–î–æ–±–∞–≤—å—Ç–µ —Å–ª–µ–¥—É—é—â–∏–π –∫–æ–¥ –≤ –∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü –≤–∞—à–µ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã, –∑–∞ –ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∞–º–∏ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏ findValue:

–ú—ã –Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∏ —Å –æ–±—ä—è–≤–ª–µ–Ω–∏—è —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤, –ø–æ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º –º—ã —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–∏—Ç—å –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã —É–∫–∞–∑–∞–ª–∏ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ —Ö–æ—Ç–∏–º –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏, —Ç–æ –µ—Å—Ç—å 22.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ–º –Ω–∞—à—É —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é findValue () a –∏ –ø—Ä–æ–ø—É—Å—Ç–∏—Ç–µ —á–µ—Ä–µ–∑ –Ω–µ–≥–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫.

–ó–¥–µ—Å—å " s, –≥–¥–µ -1 –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ. –ï—Å–ª–∏ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ, –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ–º–æ–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–µ–π, —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ -1, —ç—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞—à —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç –Ω–µ –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–Ω –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ. –ü—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∏—Å—Ç—ã —á–∞—Å—Ç–æ –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—é—Ç -1 –≤ –ø–æ–¥–æ–±–Ω—ã—Ö —Å–∏—Ç—É–∞—Ü–∏—è—Ö, –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞—à–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –Ω–µ –º–æ–∂–µ—Ç –≤–µ—Ä–Ω—É—Ç—å –æ—Ç—Ä–∏—Ü–∞—Ç–µ–ª—å–Ω–æ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ.

–í –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ —Ä–∞—Å–ø–µ—á–∞—Ç–∞–µ—Ç —Å–æ–æ–±—â–µ–Ω–∏–µ, —Å–æ–æ–±—â–∞—é—â–µ–µ –Ω–∞–º –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è.

< p> –ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–¢–µ–ø–µ—Ä—å –º—ã –∑–Ω–∞–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ 22 –ø–æ—è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤ –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏–∏ –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ 3.

–†–µ–∫—É—Ä—Å–∏–≤–Ω—ã–π –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –≤ Python

–ú—ã —Ç–∞–∫–∂–µ –º–æ–∂–µ–º –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å —Ä–µ–∫—É—Ä—Å–∏—é –¥–ª—è –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞. –ó–¥–µ—Å—å –º—ã " –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏–º —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –ø—Ä–æ–¥–æ–ª–∂–∞–µ—Ç –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å —Å–µ–±—è –¥–æ —Ç–µ—Ö –ø–æ—Ä, –ø–æ–∫–∞ –Ω–µ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–æ —É—Å–ª–æ–≤–∏–µ & ndash; –Ω–∞—à –Ω–æ–º–µ—Ä –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ–Ω & ndash; –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è–µ—Ç—Å—è.

–û–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç–µ —Ä–µ–∫—É—Ä—Å–∏–≤–Ω—É—é —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é

–ö–∞–∫ –∏ –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–Ω–µ–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–µ, –º—ã –Ω–∞—á–Ω–µ–º —Å –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–Ω–∏—è —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–∞—è –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è–µ—Ç –Ω–∞—à –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫:

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤ –Ω–µ–∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–π —Å—Ç–µ–ø–µ–Ω–∏ –∞–Ω–∞–ª–æ–≥–∏—á–Ω–æ –Ω–∞—à–µ–º—É –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–Ω–µ–º—É –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä—É.

–ú—ã –Ω–∞—á–∏–Ω–∞–µ–º —Å –ø—Ä–æ–≤–µ—Ä–∫–∏, –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –ª–∏ —Å–∞–º–æ–µ –≤—ã—Å–æ–∫–æ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ –∏–ª–∏ —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ –Ω–∏–∑–∫–æ–º—É. –ï—Å–ª–∏ —ç—Ç–æ —Ç–∞–∫, –Ω–∞—à–∞ –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ –≤–µ—Ä–Ω–µ—Ç -1. –í –ø—Ä–æ—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ –æ–Ω –Ω–∞—á–Ω–µ—Ç –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫.

–ú—ã –≤—ã—á–∏—Å–ª—è–µ–º —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ, –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑—É—è —Ç–æ—Ç –∂–µ –ø–æ–¥—Ö–æ–¥, —á—Ç–æ –∏ –≤ –ø–æ—Å–ª–µ–¥–Ω–µ–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–µ. –°–Ω–∞—á–∞–ª–∞ –º—ã –≤—ã—á–∏—Ç–∞–µ–º –Ω–∞–∏–º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ–µ –∏–∑ –Ω–∞–∏–±–æ–ª—å—à–µ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è. –ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –≤—ã—á–∏—Å–ª—è–µ–º –ø–æ –º–æ–¥—É–ª—é (–æ—Å—Ç–∞—Ç–æ–∫) —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø—Ä–∏ –¥–µ–ª–µ–Ω–∏–∏ –Ω–∞ 2. –ù–∞–∫–æ–Ω–µ—Ü, –º—ã –¥–æ–±–∞–≤–ª—è–µ–º –Ω–∞–∏–º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ.

–ó–∞—Ç–µ–º –º—ã –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞–ª–∏ –æ–ø–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–æ—Ä if, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –æ–ø—Ä–µ–¥–µ–ª—è–µ—Ç, –∫–∞–∫ –Ω–∞—à –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω –ø—Ä–æ–¥–æ–ª–∂–∏—Ç—å—Å—è:

  • –ï—Å–ª–∏ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ —Ç–æ–º—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º, –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—è —ç—Ç–æ–≥–æ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞.
  • –ï—Å–ª–∏ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ —Ä–∞–≤–Ω–æ –º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ —Ç–æ–≥–æ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º, –Ω–∞—à–∞ —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—è findValue () –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è —Å–Ω–æ–≤–∞. –ù–∞ —ç—Ç–æ—Ç —Ä–∞–∑ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ low —É—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–æ–≤–ª–µ–Ω–æ –Ω–∞ –µ–¥–∏–Ω–∏—Ü—É –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ, —á–µ–º –Ω–∞—à–µ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ.
  • –ï—Å–ª–∏ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–µ —á–∏—Å–ª–æ –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ, —á–µ–º —Ç–æ, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–µ –º—ã –∏—â–µ–º, findValue () –≤—ã–∑—ã–≤–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è. –ó–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ " high " –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –Ω–∞ –µ–¥–∏–Ω–∏—Ü—É –º–µ–Ω—å—à–µ —Å—Ä–µ–¥–Ω–µ–≥–æ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è.

–ù–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–Ω—É—é –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É

–í—Å–µ, —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞–º –æ—Å—Ç–∞–ª–æ—Å—å —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å, —ç—Ç–æ –Ω–∞–ø–∏—Å–∞—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à—É –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–Ω—É—é –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É:

–ù–∞—à–∞ –æ—Å–Ω–æ–≤–Ω–∞—è –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–∞ —Ç–∞–∫–∞—è –∂–µ, –∫–∞–∫ –∏ –≤ –ø—Ä–µ–¥—ã–¥—É—â–µ–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–µ, —Å –æ–¥–Ω–∏–º –æ—Ç–ª–∏—á–∏–µ–º. –ú—ã –ø–µ—Ä–µ–¥–∞–µ–º –≤ –Ω–∞—à—É —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏—é findValue () –¥–≤–∞ –Ω–æ–≤—ã—Ö –ø–∞—Ä–∞–º–µ—Ç—Ä–∞: low –∏ high.

–ù–∞–º –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ —ç—Ç–æ —Å–¥–µ–ª–∞—Ç—å, –ø–æ—Ç–æ–º—É —á—Ç–æ –Ω–∞—à –∞–ª–≥–æ—Ä–∏—Ç–º —è–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç—Å—è —Ä–µ–∫—É—Ä—Å–∏–≤–Ω—ã–º, –∏ –º—ã –Ω–µ –º–æ–∂–µ–º –ø—Ä–∏—Å–≤–æ–∏—Ç—å —ç—Ç–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏. –ï—Å–ª–∏ –±—ã –º—ã –ø—Ä–∏—Å–≤–æ–∏–ª–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, —ç—Ç–∏ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –±—É–¥—É—Ç —Å–±—Ä–∞—Å—ã–≤–∞—Ç—å—Å—è –∫–∞–∂–¥—ã–π —Ä–∞–∑ –ø—Ä–∏ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–∏ –Ω–∞—à–µ–π —Ñ—É–Ω–∫—Ü–∏–∏, —á—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–∏–≤–µ–¥–µ—Ç –∫ –Ω–∞—Ä—É—à–∏—Ç—å –Ω–∞—à –∞–ª–≥–æ—Ä–∏—Ç–º –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞.

–ù–∞—à –∫–æ–¥ –≤–æ–∑–≤—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç:

–ú—ã –ø–æ–ª—É—á–∏–ª–∏ —Ç–æ—Ç –∂–µ —Ä–µ–∑—É–ª—å—Ç–∞—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –∏ —Ä–∞–Ω–µ–µ. –í —ç—Ç–æ–º –ø—Ä–∏–º–µ—Ä–µ –º—ã –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞–ª–∏ —Ä–µ–∫—É—Ä—Å–∏–≤–Ω—É—é –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—É –≤–º–µ—Å—Ç–æ –∏—Ç–µ—Ä–∞—Ç–∏–≤–Ω–æ–π –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º—ã –¥–ª—è –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è –Ω–∞—à–µ–≥–æ –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞.

–ö–æ–≥–¥–∞ —Å–ª–µ–¥—É–µ—Ç –∏—Å–ø–æ–ª—å–∑–æ–≤–∞—Ç—å –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ Python?

–ë–∏–Ω–∞—Ä–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ - —ç—Ç–æ —ç—Ñ—Ñ–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–Ω—ã–π —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–± –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –ø–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫—É –Ω–æ–º–µ—Ä–æ–≤. –≠—Ç–æ—Ç –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –±–æ–ª–µ–µ —ç—Ñ—Ñ–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–µ–Ω, —á–µ–º –ª–∏–Ω–µ–π–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫. –≠—Ç–æ —Å–≤—è–∑–∞–Ω–æ —Å —Ç–µ–º, —á—Ç–æ –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –º–µ—Ç–æ–¥ —Å–æ–∫—Ä–∞—â–∞–µ—Ç –æ–±—ä–µ–º –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –≤–¥–≤–æ–µ, –∫–∞–∫ —Ç–æ–ª—å–∫–æ –≤—ã –Ω–∞–π–¥–µ—Ç–µ —Å–µ—Ä–µ–¥–∏–Ω—É –æ—Ç—Å–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω–Ω–æ–≥–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞.

–í–∞–∂–Ω–æ –æ—Ç–º–µ—Ç–∏—Ç—å, —á—Ç–æ —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –¥–æ–ª–∂–µ–Ω –±—ã—Ç—å —É–ø–æ—Ä—è–¥–æ—á–µ–Ω —á–∏—Å–ª–µ–Ω–Ω–æ, –ø—Ä–µ–∂–¥–µ —á–µ–º –µ–≥–æ –º–æ–∂–Ω–æ –±—É–¥–µ—Ç –∏—Å–∫–∞—Ç—å —Å –ø–æ–º–æ—â—å—é –±–∏–Ω–∞—Ä–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫. –ü—Ä–µ–∂–¥–µ —á–µ–º –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω—è—Ç—å –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫, —É–±–µ–¥–∏—Ç–µ—Å—å, —á—Ç–æ –≤–∞—à–∏ —á–∏—Å–ª–∞ –æ—Ç—Å–æ—Ä—Ç–∏—Ä–æ–≤–∞–Ω—ã –≤ –ø–æ—Ä—è–¥–∫–µ –≤–æ–∑—Ä–∞—Å—Ç–∞–Ω–∏—è.

–î–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –≤ —Ä–∞–∑–±–∏–≤–∫–µ –ø–æ —Å–ª–æ–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç–∏ Python

–ö–∞–∫–æ–≤–∞ —Å–ª–æ–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞? –≠—Ç–æ —Ö–æ—Ä–æ—à–∏–π –≤–æ–ø—Ä–æ—Å.

–ê–ª–≥–æ—Ä–∏—Ç–º –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –∏–º–µ–µ—Ç —Å–ª–æ–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å –≤ –ª—É—á—à–µ–º —Å–ª—É—á–∞–µ O (1). –≠—Ç–æ –ø—Ä–æ–∏—Å—Ö–æ–¥–∏—Ç, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –ø–µ—Ä–≤–æ–µ —Å—Ä–∞–≤–Ω–µ–Ω–∏–µ —Å–æ–æ—Ç–≤–µ—Ç—Å—Ç–≤—É–µ—Ç —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã –∏—â–µ—Ç–µ.

–°—Ä–µ–¥–Ω—è—è –∏ –Ω–∞–∏—Ö—É–¥—à–∞—è —Å–ª–æ–∂–Ω–æ—Å—Ç—å –¥–ª—è –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω–æ–≥–æ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ —Å–æ—Å—Ç–∞–≤–ª—è–µ—Ç O (log n). –≠—Ç–æ –æ–∑–Ω–∞—á–∞–µ—Ç, —á—Ç–æ –≤—Ä–µ–º—è, –Ω–µ–æ–±—Ö–æ–¥–∏–º–æ–µ –¥–ª—è –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–µ–Ω–∏—è –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞, —É–≤–µ–ª–∏—á–∏–≤–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –ª–æ–≥–∞—Ä–∏—Ñ–º–∏—á–µ—Å–∫–∏ –≤ –∑–∞–≤–∏—Å–∏–º–æ—Å—Ç–∏ –æ—Ç —Ç–æ–≥–æ, —Å–∫–æ–ª—å–∫–æ —ç–ª–µ–º–µ–Ω—Ç–æ–≤ —Ç—Ä–µ–±—É–µ—Ç—Å—è –¥–ª—è –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–ó–∞–∫–ª—é—á–µ–Ω–∏–µ

–î–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ - —ç—Ñ—Ñ–µ–∫—Ç–∏–≤–Ω—ã–π —Å–ø–æ—Å–æ–± —á—Ç–æ–±—ã –Ω–∞–π—Ç–∏ –ø–æ–∑–∏—Ü–∏—é –∏–Ω–¥–µ–∫—Å–∞ –∑–Ω–∞—á–µ–Ω–∏—è –≤ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–µ.

–ö–∞–∂–¥—ã–π —Ä–∞–∑, –∫–æ–≥–¥–∞ –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –¥–≤–æ–∏—á–Ω—ã–π –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫, –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫ –¥–µ–ª–∏—Ç —Å–ø–∏—Å–æ–∫ –Ω–∞ –¥–≤–µ —á–∞—Å—Ç–∏. –ü–æ–∏—Å–∫ —Å–æ—Å—Ä–µ–¥–æ—Ç–æ—á–µ–Ω –Ω–∞ —Å—Ç–æ—Ä–æ–Ω–µ —Å–ø–∏—Å–∫–∞, –±–ª–∏–∂–∞–π—à–µ–π –∫ –Ω–æ–º–µ—Ä—É, –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–π –≤—ã –∏—â–µ—Ç–µ.

–ü—Ä–∏ –∫–∞–∂–¥–æ–º –∑–∞–ø—É—Å–∫–µ –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫–∞ –∫–æ–ª–∏—á–µ—Å—Ç–≤–æ —á–∏—Å–µ–ª, –ø–æ –∫–æ—Ç–æ—Ä—ã–º –ø—Ä–æ–≥—Ä–∞–º–º–µ –Ω—É–∂–Ω–æ –≤—ã–ø–æ–ª–Ω–∏—Ç—å –ø–æ–∏—Å–∫, —É–º–µ–Ω—å—à–∞–µ—Ç—Å—è –≤–¥–≤–æ–µ.

–ß—Ç–æ–±—ã —É–∑–Ω–∞—Ç—å –±–æ–ª—å—à–µ –æ Python, –ø—Ä–æ—á–∏—Ç–∞–π—Ç–µ –Ω–∞—à–µ —Ä—É–∫–æ–≤–æ–¥—Å—Ç–≤–æ –ø–æ –∏–∑—É—á–µ–Ω–∏—é Python .

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