Series.diff() is used to find differences between items in the same series. The difference is sequential and depends on the period parameter passed to the
diff () method.
Syntax: Series.diff (periods = 1) p>
periods: integer value, subtracts element before / after period from current element. Negative values are also accepted
Return type: Series
In this example two series are created from Python lists. The
diff () method is called for both series, once with a positive period and once with a negative value passed to the period parameter.
Diff with period 2: 0 NaN 1 NaN 2 19.0 3 10.0 4 -30.0 5 -12.0 6 5.0 7 7.0 dtype: float64 Diff with period -1: 0 13.0 1 -32.0 2 22.0 3 8.0 4 4.0 5 -9.0 6 2.0 7 NaN dtype: float64
Explanation: In the first output with a period of 2 digits The i-th position was subtracted from the (i + 2) th position and stored in the (i + 2) th position. In the second output, the value at the i-th position was subtracted from the values in the (i-1) th position and stored in the (i-1) th position.
Note: Values b > First / Last n in the output series are equal to NaN depending on the sign of the period (first if the period is positive, and Last if it is negative, where n — period).