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Python | os.chmod method

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Syntax :

 os.chmod (path, mode) 

Parameters:
path - path name of the file or directory path
mode - mode may take one of the following values:

  • stat.S_ISUID: Set user ID on execution
  • stat.S_ISGID: Set group ID on execution
  • stat.S_ENFMT: Record locking enforced
  • stat.S_ISVTX: Save text image after execution
  • stat.S_IREAD: Read by owner.
  • stat.S_IWRITE: Write by owner.
  • stat.S_IEXEC: Execute by owner.
  • stat.S_IRWXU: Read, write, and execute by owner
  • stat.S_IRUSR: Read by owner
  • stat. S_IWUSR: Write by owner.
  • stat.S_IXUSR: Execute by owner.
  • stat.S_IRWXG: Read, write, and execute by group
  •  
  • stat.S_IRGRP: Read by group
  • stat.S_IWGRP: Write by group
  • stat. S_IXGRP: Execute by group
  • stat.S_IRWXO: Read, write, and execute by others.
  • stat.S_IROTH: Read by others
  • stat.S_IWOTH: Write by others
  • stat.S_IXOTH: Execute by others

Code # 1:

# Python program to explain the method os.chmod ()

 
# import required libraries

import os, sys, stat

 
# Set this file as read by the owner.

os.chmod ( "/ Geeks / gfg.txt" , stat.S_IREAD)

print ( "File can be read only by owner . " )

  
# Install this file read by others.

os.chmod ( "/ Geeks / gfg. txt " , stat.S_IROTH)

print ( "File access changed, can be read by others now." )

Exit:

 File can be read only by owner. File access changed, can be read by others now. 

Code # 2:

# Python program to explain the os.chmod () method

 
# import required libraries

import os, sys, stat

 
# Install the given file, written by the owner.

os.chmod ( "/ Geeks / gfg.txt" , stat.S_IWRITE)

 
# Install the given file, made by the owner.

os.chmod ( "/ Geeks / gfg.txt" , stat.S_IXUSR)

print ( "File can be written and executed only by owner." )

Exit:

 File can be written and executed only by owner. 

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