PHP Filter and filter constant

There are basically two types of filters, which are listed below:
  • Validation:is used to validate or verify if the data meets a certain qualification or not. For example, passing to FILTER_VALIDATE_URL will determine if the data is valid URLs, but will not alter the existing data itself.
  • Sanitization: As opposed to validation , sanitization will sanitize the data to ensure no unwanted characters when deleting or changing data. For example, passing FILTER_SANITIZE_EMAIL will remove any characters that are inappropriate for an email address. However, this does not validate the data.
Example 1:PHP program to validate URLs using the FILTER_VALIDATE_URL filter.
// PHP URL checker 
// Declare a variable and initialize it by URL $url = " https://www.engineerforengineer.org " ;  
// Use the filter function to validate the URL if (filter_var ( $url , FILTER_VALIDATE_URL)) { echo ( "valid URL" ); } else { echo (< / code> "Invalid URL" ); }  
Example 2:PHP- program for checking email using the FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL filter.
// PHP email checker 
// Declare a variable and initialize it by email $email = "xyz @ gmail.com " ;  
// Use the filter function to check email if (filter_var ( $email , FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL)) { echo "Valid Email" ; } else { echo " Invalid Email " ; }  
Filter functions:filter function used to filter data coming from an insecure source.
  • filter_var(): filtersa specific variable
  • filter_var_array(): filters multiple variables, i.e. array of variables
  • filter_has_var():check if a variable of a certain input type exists or not
  • filter_id():helps to get the identifier filter of the specified filter name
  • filter_list():returns a list of supported filter names as an array.
  • filter_input():gets external variable and filters it if it is set.
  • filter_input_array(): thenis the same as filter_input(), but gets multiple variables here, i.e. an array of variables, and filters them if set.
Predefined filter constants:There are many predefined filter constants, which are listed below:
  • Check filter constants:
    • FILTER_VALIDATE_BOOLEAN: checksboolean
    • FILTER_VALIDATE_INT: checksinteger
    • FILTER_VALIDATE_FLOAT: validates a floating point
    • FILTER_VALIDATE_REGEXP: validatesregexp
    • FILTER_VALIDATE_IP: checksIP address
    • FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL: checksemail address
  • Clear filter constants:
    • FILTER_SANITIZE_EMAIL:removes all invalid characters from the email address
    • FILTER_SANITIZE_ENCODED:deleted sends / encodes special characters
    • FILTER_SANITIZE_MAGIC_QUOTES:Apply function addlashes()
    • FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_FLOAT:remove all characters except numbers, + - and additionally., EE
    • FILTER_SANITIZE_NUMBER_INT:removes all characters except numbers and + -
    • FILTER_SANITIZE_SPECIAL_CHARS:removes special characters
    • FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING:removes tags from strings li>
    • FILTER_SANITIZE_URL:removes all invalid characters from the URL
  • Other filter constants:
    • FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW:do nothing, if desired cut/ encode special characters
    • FILTER_CALLBACK:call a custom function to filter data
Note.Filters PHP is included by default in PHP 5. 2.0 and newer. Installation is required for older versions.Link: http: / /php.net/manual/en/filter.filters.sanitize.php
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