# Random Math Javascript

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Michael Zippo
04.11.2021

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*To create a random number in Javascript, the *`math.random ()`

function is used. JavaScript `math.random ()`

generates a random decimal value between 0 and 1. The function takes no arguments. To get random numbers greater than 1, simply multiply the result as needed.

In programming, there are often times when you need to get a random number. For example, you can create a puzzle and want your program to generate a random number each time the user runs the program. Or you might want to run a function a random number of times.

This is where the Math.random () JavaScript function comes in. Math.random () is a built-in method that can be used to generate random numbers in JavaScript. The function returns a value between 0 (inclusive) and 1 (excluded), but we can use another function called Math.floor () to turn our number into a random integer.

In this tutorial, we’ll explore the basics of JavaScript random number generation and discuss how you can use the Math.random () function in your code.

## JavaScript Math Refresher

The JavaScript Math object provides developers with a set of mathematical functions that can be performed on numbers. These functions include returning the absolute value of a number, rounding a number, calculating the square root of a number, and more.

The Math object works with the Number data type in JavaScript. This is what the Math object looks like in a JavaScript program:

`Math.functionName (); `

One of the most useful functions in the Math library - and the one we’ll use later in this tutorial - is the Math.floor () function. This method can be used to return a value rounded to the nearest whole number or lower whole number. Here is an example of the Math.floor () method in action:

`console.log (Math.floor (5.7)); `

Our code returns: 5. The number Math.floor () the processed function has been rounded to lower, that’s why our program returned "5" instead of "6".

Similarly, the Math.round () function can be used to round a number down closer Here is an example of the Math.round () function in action:

`console.log (Math.round (5.7)); `

Our code returns: `6.`

The Math object includes a number of other math functions that can be used to work with numbers, but the main ones need to be known to generate a JavaScript random numbers are Math.floor () and Math.random ().

## JavaScript Math.random ()

The JavaScript math.random () return and a number random between 0 (inclusive) and 1 (exclusive ). The Math.random () function returns a pseudo-random floating point number, which means it will include one decimal place. The syntax of the Math.random () method is as follows:

`Math.random (); `

Here is an example console.log () used to print a random number:

Our program returns:

`0.022831222528214346 `

As you can see, our program returned a random number between zero and one. But this number is quite small, and many applications that require random numbers want to generate larger numbers. This is where the Math.floor () function comes in.

We can use the Math.floor () function to round our random number so that it becomes a random integer and we can multiply that number by generating a bigger one. Here is an example of a random number generation function in JavaScript:

Here is the result of our program after running it three times:

As you can see, our program generated a random number. In the example above, we used `" * 10 "`

to generate a larger number. This function helps us to retrieve a number between `"1"`

and `"10."`

If we wanted a bigger number, we could change our multiple like this:

After running our program three times, the following numbers were generated:

So let’s say we create an addition set and we want to generate two random numbers between" 1 " and" 100 " for our additional sum to be understood. We could use the following code to generate our random numbers:

Our program returns:

`What is 93 + 56 ? `

In the example above, we first generated two random numbers using the Math.random () function. So, we printed a statement asking the user `" What is [our first number] + [our second number] ?"`

## JavaScript random number between two values ‚Äã‚Äã

Math.random () doesn’t include any arguments, which means we can’t use the function to generate a number between two values. However, we can create a custom method that allows us to generate a number random between two values.

Let’s say we create an addition game that should generate two numbers between 100 and 200 for one more advanced.

Here is an example of a function we could use to generate these numbers:

When we run our program three times, the following values ‚Äã‚Äãare returned:

As you can see, our program generates random numbers between 100 and 200. Let’s analyze our program and explore how it works in more depth.

In the first line, we define a function called `"generateRandomNumber ()".`

Our function takes two arguments: the minimum value and the maximum value of the range of numbers in which our random number is to be generated. On the next line, we use the Math.random () function to generate a random number and our `"max"`

and `"min"`

variables to make sure that the number that we generate falls within our range.

So in the last line, we call our generateRandomNumber () function and pass it the values ‚Äã‚Äã100 and 200. So when we run our program, a number between 100 and 200. < br>

## Conclusion

The JavaScript function Math.random () can be used to generate random numbers between 0 (included ) and 1 (exclusive). Then using the Math.floor () function, we can generate larger numbers as needed.

In this tutorial, we explored the basics of the JavaScript Math library and explained how to use the Math.random () method to generate a random number. We have also created a custom function that can be used to generate a random number between two values.

You now have the knowledge to generate your own random numbers in JavaScript like an expert!

👻 *Read also: what is the best laptop for engineering students?*

How to get an absolute file path in Python

3 answers

By izb
Given a path such as `"mydir/myfile.txt"`

, how do I find the file"s absolute path relative to the current working directory in Python? E.g. on Windows, I might end up with:

```
"C:/example/cwd/mydir/myfile.txt"
```

877

Answer #1

```
>>> import os
>>> os.path.abspath("mydir/myfile.txt")
"C:/example/cwd/mydir/myfile.txt"
```

Also works if it is already an absolute path:

```
>>> import os
>>> os.path.abspath("C:/example/cwd/mydir/myfile.txt")
"C:/example/cwd/mydir/myfile.txt"
```

How to check if a path is absolute path or relative path in a cross-platform way with Python?

3 answers

UNIX absolute path starts with "/", whereas Windows starts with alphabet "C:" or "".
Does python have a standard function to check if a path is absolute or relative?

175

Answer #1

`os.path.isabs`

returns `True`

if the path is absolute, `False`

if not. The documentation says it works in windows (I can confirm it works in Linux personally).

```
os.path.isabs(my_path)
```

How to join absolute and relative urls?

3 answers

I have two urls:

```
url1 = "http://127.0.0.1/test1/test2/test3/test5.xml"
url2 = "../../test4/test6.xml"
```

How can I get an absolute url for url2?

We hope this article has helped you to resolve the problem. Apart from Random Math Javascript, check other __main__ Python module-related topics.

Want to excel in Python? See our review of the best Python online courses 2023. If you are interested in Data Science, check also how to learn programming in R.

By the way, this material is also available in other languages:

Manuel Schteiner

Abu Dhabi | 2023-03-22

UI PHP module is always a bit confusing 😭 Random Math Javascript is not the only problem I encountered. Will get back tomorrow with feedback

Oliver Schteiner

Singapore | 2023-03-22

random Python module is always a bit confusing 😭 Random Math Javascript is not the only problem I encountered. I just hope that will not emerge anymore

Oliver Gonzalez

Massachussetts | 2023-03-22

I was preparing for my coding interview, thanks for clarifying this - Random Math Javascript in Python is not the simplest one. Checked yesterday, it works!

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