The beginnings of Netscape
In the beginning In 1993, the University of Illinois NCSA released the first popular graphical web browser. They called the NCSA Mosaic browser. This browser marked the start of the Internet boom period of the early 1990s. Marc Andreessen , a developer who co-wrote the original platform, left shortly after Mosaic’s release to form his own company. Together with James H. Clark and alumni and staff at the University of the Illinois, Mosaic Communications was born in 1994.
Mosaic Communications worked on its first major project, a browser with the name of e internal code of "Mozilla." Sounds familiar, doesn’t it? It was a combination of the names "Mosaic" and "Godzilla". Mosaic released its browser at the end of 1994 and conquered nearly three quarters of the market in 4 months. This made it the most popular web browser of the 1990s. The browser was quickly rebranded as Netscape Navigator and the Netscape Communications Company. This is to avoid future branding issues with the NCSA regarding Mosaic.
But Andreessen wanted more. He thought that even though the web browser was at the top of the internet game, he saw the future of the web will be more dynamic . He has seen animations, interactions, and various forms of small automation in the future of the Internet. To provide this, the web would need a free scripting language that could interact with the Document object model . It should also be aimed at a specific type of programmer, the designer.
NOTE: For those unfamiliar with the DOM, it provides access to browser session history. It also provides users with methods and properties for navigating the browser.
Competition takes a step forward
Netscape Communications continues to reign supreme in the web market with the Navigator browser. Soon after, the competition began to step in with their response. Microsoft wanted to set the level and be the standard in all technologies.
In response, Microsoft released Internet Explorer in 1995 This development was the first step towards monopolization of the Web. Andreessen and Netscape Communications did not take this threat lightly. They had to act quickly. to craft an answer in order to remain the most trusted web browser in the world. They knew they had to release new language and new developments as soon as possible. This sparked what was then called the browser wars.
First, they hired technologist Brendan Eich to develop a browser language like Scheme. Scheme is a dynamic, powerful and functional Lisp programming language. Netscape also formed a partnership with Sun Microsystems , or the original founders of Java. Sun has made its way into the browser wars by leveraging this partnership with its updated version of Java. Unfortunately for them, it was ahead of its time with the limited development of the Internet in the early 1990s.
Sun partnered with Netscape in 1995 to provide the Java language as a complementary language to it. that Eich was developing. Now, with the strategic plans established, the competition against Microsoft was open.
Everyone involved wanted a language to satisfy designers that was still accessible to not developers. Netscape also had to provide a suitable prototype to be able to defend against competitors with their browser experience. Originally called Mocha, the language created by Eich aimed to transform the web into a full-fledged application platform. Mocha provided small scripting tasks for web designers, thus becoming a companion for Java.
It took Eich 10 days to develop the programming language required by Netscape. The end result was nothing like Scheme, but rather a very dynamic and updated version of Java. Below was a tech beast that was a mix of Scheme and Self, but with the appearance of Java.
This version produced many changes from various companies including Microsoft, Adobe and Google. Languages ‚Äã‚Äãsuch as ActionScript and JScript were part of ECMAScript implementations at the time.