Javascript Foreach

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The JavaScript forEach loop is an Array method that performs a custom callback function on each element of an array. The forEach loop can only be used on arrays, sets, and maps.

If you’ve spent any time with a programming language, you should have seen a "per loop." Using a for loop, you can execute a dataset or a function more than once. For example, you can have a list of names, also known as an array, and a for loop will go through 100 of those names.

There is a more efficient way to write a for loop if you are working with a collection, such as a list or a set. This is where JavaScript forEach loops come in. A forEach loop will perform a JavaScript callback for each element of a list. Then the loop stops.

JavaScript for Loop Refresher

The JavaScript for loop executes a function a predefined number of times. For loops are useful if you need to run the same block of code multiple times. Using a for loop instead of copying code helps reduce redundancy. This improves the readability of a code base.

We write a for loop that prints a value to the console ten times:

This loop will execute the line of code console.log (" test ‚") ten times, once for each execution of the loop.

How does it work? The for loop is broken down into three components.

The first component is i = 0. This is where we define a JavaScript variable which registers the number of times our loop has been executed.

Then i < 10 defines how many times the loop should be executed (in this case, 10). The i ++ component runs after each iteration. This component adds one to the variable counter "i" command .

The JavaScript loop forEach

forEach is a JavaScript Array method. It is used to perform a function on each element of an array. Lists, sets, and all other list-type objects support the forEach method.

We’ll write a loop that will display a list of companies on the console. Instead of using a for loop, we’ll use a forEach loop. This is because we are working with a list of companies.

The following code prints each value of a list of companies to the console:

Our output for our code is as follows:

For each item in our "companies" list , we print the item on the console. This is different from how a normal for loop works.

JavaScript forEach vs for Loop

In a traditional for loop, you should access each item in the "companies" list for

ForEach loops accept a function of callback while for loops don’t. In a for loop, all your code is included in the body p main loop. In a forEach loop, you need to write a function that will be executed for each item in the list that you iterate over.



JavaScript forEach Callback

The forEach method accepts a function callback. This is a function passed to a another function as argument. Callbacks are executed in the function they appear in.

Let’s go back to our last example:

Our callback comes after the arrow (=>). This arrow indicates an arrow function. But callbacks don’t need to be arrow functions.

We can define the function we want to run elsewhere:

In this code, we’ve defined a new function called printValue. We passed this function to our forEach loop as an argument.

This function is defined independently of our forEach loop. Our code works because the forEach loop accepts any type of function. You do not need to specify an arrow function.

The advantage of this approach is that our code is easier to read. It is clear that the printValue () function is executed for each element of the "companies" list .

Tracking current index

We can track the index value of the item in the ’list that we are displaying with a forEach method. We can do this by specifying an "index" variable in our callback function.

We have decided that we want to see both the index of the company and the content of the item we are viewing. This can be achieved by adding an "index" variable:

Let’s run our code and see what happens:

0. Apple

1. Google

2. Facebook

We can see both the name of each company and its index value. The "index" variable represents each index value.

"index" can be called whatever you want, as long as it comes after the first variable in the callback. The first variable is reserved for tracking the element on which the loop is iterated.

Uses of JavaScript forEach

You must use the forEach method if you want to scroll through the array elements. The map () and reduce () methods are more efficient if you need to calculate a result based on the values ‚Äã‚Äãin a list.

JavaScript forEach loops are very useful when you need to do something with every element of an array in JavaScript, not just some.

The same goes for for… in loops. If you tried to iterate through all the objects that are n an array, a for ... in loop would work.

On the other hand, if you need to write something more customizable, perhaps with multiple rules, a "for; it could be better.

Additionally, forEach calls are part of JavaScript 1.6. This means that the forEach method supports browsers in most major browsers.

There you go: forEach JavaScript looping in a nutshell !


👻 Read also: what is the best laptop for engineering students?

We hope this article has helped you to resolve the problem. Apart from Javascript Foreach, check other __main__ Python module-related topics.

Want to excel in Python? See our review of the best Python online courses 2023. If you are interested in Data Science, check also how to learn programming in R.

By the way, this material is also available in other languages:



Angelo Schteiner

Singapore | 2023-01-27

Maybe there are another answers? What Javascript Foreach exactly means?. I just hope that will not emerge anymore

Carlo Sikorski

Massachussetts | 2023-01-27

Ev PHP module is always a bit confusing 😭 Javascript Foreach is not the only problem I encountered. I just hope that will not emerge anymore

Carlo Chamberlet

New York | 2023-01-27

Maybe there are another answers? What Javascript Foreach exactly means?. I am just not quite sure it is the best method

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