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How to back up your WordPress database?

Let’s take a look at some of the important reasons for backing up your WordPress database:
  • Provides great peace of mind in adverse situations such as site breaches, server crashes, system errors, or sudden deletions.
  • When a hosting company suspends user accounts, then backup helps in easy access and recovery of data for personal use.
  • Backups are useful at a time when hackers are injecting unwanted data into databases. Backups help in cleaning up unwanted data or tables.
  • Site owners may lose some data or have corrupted websites due to server hacking or using incompatible plugins. If we have the knowledge to return a website to its original appearance using backups, the situation will be handled securely.
  • On e-commerce websites, all important data should not be lost while tracking transactions.
  • Backups are created to avoid external threats, unexpected developer errors, corrupted databases, website breakdowns, or any other disruption.
  • The process that involves exporting and importing a web database -site during site migration may result in the loss of some data that can be restored by backups.
  • Completely at the mercy of your hosting company is not recommended.
Reasons why we cannot depend on hosting company backups:
  • Most hosting company backups are not specifically designed for WordPress. This can lead to some incompatibility issues.
  • Your company may not schedule backups regularly to meet all of the recovery requirements in the event of a sudden failure.
  • Restoring a single site can be tedious work without restore all sites of the user account.
  • The user may not receive any notification about the backup failure.
Note. For added security, the user should Maintain your own set of backup solutions using any tool specifically designed for WordPress.Factors to consider before deciding on any backup solution:
  • Automation Capability:It should be able to automate WordPress backups.
  • Backup Frequency.User should check the frequency of backups if that’s enough for recovery.
  • Storage Locations:if your solution supports cloud storage like Google Drive or Dropbox, that’s enough.
  • Recoverability:The user should look for the convenience of restoring files and databases on our system.
  • Partial or full backups.Some backup solutions copying retains only the database despite storing the complete website data. It’s always best to look for full backups.
  • Site migration.It should be possible to provide a WordPress migration service.
Note. User may experience issues such as unsupported websites, incomplete migrations, downtime for very large websites during the site migration process.To fully back up any WordPress site, you need the following:
  • WordPress blog content
  • WordPress files
  • All config files in the root
  • Home directory that consists of from site themes, plugins and uploaded content.
  • MySQL database, which consists of messages, drafts, information about message tags and comments.
  • Forwarded emails, mail filters and their settings.
  • Settings of your site.
  • Requisites of registered users of the site.
Various waysof creating a backup WordPress:Backups of any WordPress site or database can be done manually or programmatically using any plugin.
  • Using cPanel: cPanel - it is a simple interface that is used to securely manage and back up your WordPress site. This is where automatic backups can be scheduled. 
    Login to the respective web host’s control panel and select "Backup Wizard" under "Files". 

    In cPanel, log into the server side of your hosting account and naively go to the File Manager section. Within that, we have full or partial backup options as needed. Note. A partial backup is more reliable because it allows the user to restore their database if the user is on the same host.
  • Using the command line:
    mysqldump -u [username] -p [password] [DBname] > backupFile.sql 
    Where username - this is the MySQL username, password - this is the MySQL password, DBname - this is the database to be backed upand backupFile.sql- this is the name of the SQL file in which the backup script is saved. By default, backupFile.sqlis stored in the same folder from which the command is executed. Note. In the command line syntax, include a space before the [name user], but NOT in front of the [password] parameter. When the user wants to restore the database, replace > to mysqldump -u [username] -p [password] [DBname] backupFile.sql
  • Using phpMyAdmin :phpMyAdmin comes preinstalled if the WAMP or XAMPP server is running on a Linux based operating system. In other cases, you need to install phpMyAdmin and configure it to manage database dumps. After successful installation, login to phpMyAdmin tool with login credentials. 

    After logging in, we have all the tables in the left column of the toolbar screen. 

    Then the user must select the database option with WP prefix on the left for the WordPress database. 
    After selecting the database, select the "" tab. 

    By clicking on the WordPress database or other database name, the user can expand the list of all tables presented in this particular database. Exporting a backup file is done in two ways. They are as follows:
    • Fast - display only minimal parameters:
      User can choose default option in SQL format or choose any other format like CSV, PDF to save WordPress database. 
      Click on the GO button and the last step is done to save the backup file.
    • Custom - display all possible options:the user can select certain format options and many others in this user option. 
      Note. If the main purpose is backup, then SQL, CSV, XML are the preferred formats for backup files.
    User can import database by going to the import tab and uploading the dump file. 
    Note: Incase for very large database dumps please , change the php.inifile before restarting the server.
  • Using WordPress plugins.To back up your WordPress site database, use the backup module is a safe and fast option. This is the easiest way to ensure that the site database is fully restored. Most of the plugins available on the market are easy to use, lightweight and well documented. 
    Here are some of them:
    • All-in-One WP Migration
    • BlogVault
    • WP Database Backup
    • WP Remote
    • Import Export WordPress Users
    To use all of these plugins, the user must follow the instructions to install them, activate, create backups, and notify and finally upload files.
  • Create manual backups:create a WordPress database backup destination to download the required files. It is best practice to create a new folder for each backup. This allows the user to be more organized and efficient when the user wants to restore data from backups.
  • Using File Transfer Protocol:you can create and select a new folder on the FTP client toolbar ... Upload WordPress files or required data located on the server. This can be done using an FTP client such as FileZilla
    FileZilla - it is a free, reliable and powerful open source file transfer tool. In FileZilla, go to the right quadrant and select the public_htmlfolder for all website content. The public_html folder is also called www, the root folder named after your site. To log into the FTP client, the user needs a hostname, username, password, and port. Click the QuickConnect button to connect to the server. 

    Once the connection is established, it will just pop up a message. The user should be able to find their website folder on the right side of the "Remote Site: " panel. Select the files and folders on the server and the user can drag and drop it to the local system from the left side of the panel. Local system files and folders are displayed on the left side of the panel.
  • Additional methods for backing up a WordPress database:
    • Using an automatic plugin to restore WordPress databases on any cloud service.
    • Using plugins such as BackupBuddy, that are automatically saved to Google Drive and many other cloud services.
    • Automatic system backup is installed on the user’s site.
    • Use by yourself developed manual scripts.
    • Using the site hosting own backup system.
    • Sending a copy of the user’s backup files outside the site.
    • Schedule regular backups based on daily or weekly full backups.
    Conclusions.Web - Sites are a great resource for site administrators and users, so it’s worth protecting and having reasonably good backup solutions. Therefore, the decision taken to keep the entire system in the same place is very important. This can be done by regularly backing up your WordPress database and should not be overlooked at any cost. WordPress backups should be created in such a way as to ultimately completely restore your site.


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