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DecimalField — Django Forms

DecimalField has the following optional arguments:

  • max_length and min_length : — if provided, these arguments ensure that the line length is not greater than or equal to the specified length.
  • decimal_places: — The maximum number of decimal places allowed.
  • empty_value: — the value used to represent empty. The default is an empty string.

Syntax

 field_name = forms.DecimalField ( * * options ) 

Django DecimalField form Explanation

DecimalField illustration using example. Consider a project named pythonengineering that has an application named geeks .

Refer to the following articles to check how to create a project and an app in Django.

Enter the following code into the forms.py file of the geeks application.

from django import forms

 
# create a form

class GeeksForm (forms.Form):

geeks_field = forms.DecimalField (max_length = 200 )

Add the geek app to INSTALLED_APPS

# Application definition

 

INSTALLED_APPS = [

`django.contrib.admin` ,

` django.contrib.auth` ,

`django.contrib.contenttypes` ,

  `django.contrib.sessions` ,

  `django.contrib.messages` ,

  `django.contrib.staticfiles` ,

  `geeks` ,

]

Now, to convert this form to a view, we need a view and The URL associated with this URL. Let`s first create a view in the views.py of the geeks app,

from django .shortcuts import render

from . forms import GeeksForm

 
# Create your views here.

def home_view (request):

context = {}

  context [ `form` ] = GeeksForm ()

return render (request, "home.html" , context)

Here we import this particular form from forms.py and instantiate it in the view so that it could be displayed in the template. 
Now, to initiate your Django form, you need to create a home.html where you can create things as you see fit. Let`s create a form in home.html .

& lt; form method = "GET" & gt; 

{{form}}

& lt; input type = "submit" value = "Submit" & gt; 

& lt; / form & gt; 

Finally, the URL to map to this view in urls.py

from django.urls import path

 
# import views from views..py

from . views import home_view

 

urlpatterns = [

  path (``, home_view),

]

Let`s start the server and check what`s on actually happened, Run

 Python manage.py runserver 

So the geeks_field DecimalField is created by replacing "_" with "". This field is for entering decimal numbers.

How to use DecimalField?

DecimalField is used to enter decimal numbers in the database. You can enter percentage labels, labels, etc. So far we have discussed how to implement DecimalField, but how to use it in the view to execute the boolean part. To do some logic, we need to get the value entered in the field into a Python string instance.

In views.py,

from django.shortcuts import render

from . forms import GeeksForm

 
# Create your views here.

def home_view (request):

context = {}

form =  GeeksForm ()

context [ ` form` ] = form

if request.GET:

temp = request. GET [ `geeks_field` ]

  print (temp)

return render (request, "home.html" , context)

Now let`s try enter some other data in the field.

You can clearly see that he is asking for the correct number. Let`s try to enter decimal data now.

Now this data can be obtained using the appropriate dictionary of queries. If the method is GET, the data will be available in request.GET, and if post, then request.POST , respectively. In the above example, we have a value in temp that we can use for any purpose. You can check that the data is converted to a decimal python instance in the geeks_field.

Main Field Arguments

Main Field Arguments — they are arguments given to each field to apply some kind of constraint or to convey a particular characteristic to a particular field. For example, adding the required = False argument to the DecimalField will allow the user to leave it blank. Each Field constructor takes at least these arguments. Some Field classes accept additional field-specific arguments, but you should always accept the following:

Field Options Description
required By default, each Field class assumes the value is required, so to make it not required you need to set required=False
label The label argument lets you specify the “ human-friendly ”label for this field. This is used when the Field is displayed in a Form.
label_suffix The label_suffix argument lets you override the form`s label_suffix on a per-field basis.
widget The widget argument lets you specify a Widget class to use when rendering this Field. See Widgets for more information.
help_text The help_text argument lets you specify descriptive text for this Field. If you provide help_text, it will be displayed next to the Field when the Field is rendered by one of the convenience Form methods.
error_messages The error_messages argument lets you override the default messages that the field will raise. Pass in a dictionary with keys matching the error messages you want to override.
validators The validators argument lets you provide a list of validation functions for this field.
localize The localize argument enables the localization of form data input, as well as the rendered output.
disabled The disabled boolean argument, when set to True, disables a form field using the disabled HTML attribute so that it won`t be editable by users.

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