What is the reason for performing a double fork when creating a daemon?

| |

👻 Check our latest review to choose the best laptop for Machine Learning engineers and Deep learning tasks!

I"m trying to create a daemon in python. I"ve found the following question, which has some good resources in it which I am currently following, but I"m curious as to why a double fork is necessary. I"ve scratched around google and found plenty of resources declaring that one is necessary, but not why.

Some mention that it is to prevent the daemon from acquiring a controlling terminal. How would it do this without the second fork? What are the repercussions?

👻 Read also: what is the best laptop for engineering students?

What is the reason for performing a double fork when creating a daemon? around: Questions

Removing white space around a saved image in matplotlib

2 answers

I need to take an image and save it after some process. The figure looks fine when I display it, but after saving the figure, I got some white space around the saved image. I have tried the "tight" option for savefig method, did not work either. The code:

  import matplotlib.image as mpimg
  import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

  fig = plt.figure(1)
  img = mpimg.imread(path)
  plt.imshow(img)
  ax=fig.add_subplot(1,1,1)

  extent = ax.get_window_extent().transformed(fig.dpi_scale_trans.inverted())
  plt.savefig("1.png", bbox_inches=extent)

  plt.axis("off") 
  plt.show()

I am trying to draw a basic graph by using NetworkX on a figure and save it. I realized that without a graph it works, but when added a graph I get white space around the saved image;

import matplotlib.image as mpimg
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import networkx as nx

G = nx.Graph()
G.add_node(1)
G.add_node(2)
G.add_node(3)
G.add_edge(1,3)
G.add_edge(1,2)
pos = {1:[100,120], 2:[200,300], 3:[50,75]}

fig = plt.figure(1)
img = mpimg.imread("image.jpg")
plt.imshow(img)
ax=fig.add_subplot(1,1,1)

nx.draw(G, pos=pos)

extent = ax.get_window_extent().transformed(fig.dpi_scale_trans.inverted())
plt.savefig("1.png", bbox_inches = extent)

plt.axis("off") 
plt.show()
228

Answer #1

You can remove the white space padding by setting bbox_inches="tight" in savefig:

plt.savefig("test.png",bbox_inches="tight")

You"ll have to put the argument to bbox_inches as a string, perhaps this is why it didn"t work earlier for you.


Possible duplicates:

Matplotlib plots: removing axis, legends and white spaces

How to set the margins for a matplotlib figure?

Reduce left and right margins in matplotlib plot

228

Answer #2

I cannot claim I know exactly why or how my “solution” works, but this is what I had to do when I wanted to plot the outline of a couple of aerofoil sections — without white margins — to a PDF file. (Note that I used matplotlib inside an IPython notebook, with the -pylab flag.)

plt.gca().set_axis_off()
plt.subplots_adjust(top = 1, bottom = 0, right = 1, left = 0, 
            hspace = 0, wspace = 0)
plt.margins(0,0)
plt.gca().xaxis.set_major_locator(plt.NullLocator())
plt.gca().yaxis.set_major_locator(plt.NullLocator())
plt.savefig("filename.pdf", bbox_inches = "tight",
    pad_inches = 0)

I have tried to deactivate different parts of this, but this always lead to a white margin somewhere. You may even have modify this to keep fat lines near the limits of the figure from being shaved by the lack of margins.

Multiprocessing causes Python to crash and gives an error may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called

1 answers

I am relatively new to Python and trying to implement a Multiprocessing module for my for loop.

I have an array of Image url"s stored in img_urls which I need to download and apply some Google vision.

if __name__ == "__main__":

    img_urls = [ALL_MY_Image_URLS]
    runAll(img_urls)
    print("--- %s seconds ---" % (time.time() - start_time)) 

This is my runAll() method

def runAll(img_urls):
    num_cores = multiprocessing.cpu_count()

    print("Image URLS  {}",len(img_urls))
    if len(img_urls) > 2:
        numberOfImages = 0
    else:
        numberOfImages = 1

    start_timeProcess = time.time()

    pool = multiprocessing.Pool()
    pool.map(annotate,img_urls)
    end_timeProcess = time.time()
    print("
 Time to complete ", end_timeProcess-start_timeProcess)

    print(full_matching_pages)


def annotate(img_path):
    file =  requests.get(img_path).content
    print("file is",file)
    """Returns web annotations given the path to an image."""
    print("Process Working under ",os.getpid())
    image = types.Image(content=file)
    web_detection = vision_client.web_detection(image=image).web_detection
    report(web_detection)

I am getting this as the warning when I run it and python crashes

objc[67570]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called.
objc[67570]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called. We cannot safely call it or ignore it in the fork() child process. Crashing instead. Set a breakpoint on objc_initializeAfterForkError to debug.
objc[67567]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called.
objc[67567]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called. We cannot safely call it or ignore it in the fork() child process. Crashing instead. Set a breakpoint on objc_initializeAfterForkError to debug.
objc[67568]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called.
objc[67568]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called. We cannot safely call it or ignore it in the fork() child process. Crashing instead. Set a breakpoint on objc_initializeAfterForkError to debug.
objc[67569]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called.
objc[67569]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called. We cannot safely call it or ignore it in the fork() child process. Crashing instead. Set a breakpoint on objc_initializeAfterForkError to debug.
objc[67571]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called.
objc[67571]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called. We cannot safely call it or ignore it in the fork() child process. Crashing instead. Set a breakpoint on objc_initializeAfterForkError to debug.
objc[67572]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called.
objc[67572]: +[__NSPlaceholderDate initialize] may have been in progress in another thread when fork() was called. We cannot safely call it or ignore it in the fork() child process. Crashing instead. Set a breakpoint on objc_initializeAfterForkError to debug.
117

Answer #1

This error occurs because of added security to restrict multithreading in macOS High Sierra and later versions of macOS. I know this answer is a bit late, but I solved the problem using the following method:

Set an environment variable .bash_profile (or .zshrc for recent macOS) to allow multithreading applications or scripts under the new macOS High Sierra security rules.

Open a terminal:

$ nano .bash_profile

Add the following line to the end of the file:

OBJC_DISABLE_INITIALIZE_FORK_SAFETY=YES

Save, exit, close terminal and re-open the terminal. Check to see that the environment variable is now set:

$ env

You will see output similar to:

TERM_PROGRAM=Apple_Terminal
SHELL=/bin/bash
TERM=xterm-256color
TMPDIR=/var/folders/pn/vasdlj3ojO#OOas4dasdffJq/T/
Apple_PubSub_Socket_Render=/private/tmp/com.apple.launchd.E7qLFJDSo/Render
TERM_PROGRAM_VERSION=404
TERM_SESSION_ID=NONE
OBJC_DISABLE_INITIALIZE_FORK_SAFETY=YES

You should now be able to run your Python script with multithreading.

Shop

Learn programming in R: courses

$

Best Python online courses for 2022

$

Best laptop for Fortnite

$

Best laptop for Excel

$

Best laptop for Solidworks

$

Best laptop for Roblox

$

Best computer for crypto mining

$

Best laptop for Sims 4

$

Latest questions

NUMPYNUMPY

psycopg2: insert multiple rows with one query

12 answers

NUMPYNUMPY

How to convert Nonetype to int or string?

12 answers

NUMPYNUMPY

How to specify multiple return types using type-hints

12 answers

NUMPYNUMPY

Javascript Error: IPython is not defined in JupyterLab

12 answers

News


Wiki

Python OpenCV | cv2.putText () method

numpy.arctan2 () in Python

Python | os.path.realpath () method

Python OpenCV | cv2.circle () method

Python OpenCV cv2.cvtColor () method

Python - Move item to the end of the list

time.perf_counter () function in Python

Check if one list is a subset of another in Python

Python os.path.join () method