Getting TypeError: __init__() missing 1 required positional argument: “on_delete” when trying to add parent table after child table with entries

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I have two classes in my sqlite database, a parent table named Categorie and the child table called Article. I created first the child table class and addes entries. So first I had this:

class Article(models.Model):
    titre=models.CharField(max_length=100)
    auteur=models.CharField(max_length=42)
    contenu=models.TextField(null=True)
    date=models.DateTimeField(
        auto_now_add=True,
        auto_now=False,
        verbose_name="Date de parution"
    )

    def __str__(self):
        return self.titre

And after I have added parent table, and now my models.py looks like this:

from django.db import models

# Create your models here.
class Categorie(models.Model):
    nom = models.CharField(max_length=30)

    def __str__(self):
        return self.nom


class Article(models.Model):
    titre=models.CharField(max_length=100)
    auteur=models.CharField(max_length=42)
    contenu=models.TextField(null=True)
    date=models.DateTimeField(
        auto_now_add=True,
        auto_now=False,
        verbose_name="Date de parution"
    )
    categorie = models.ForeignKey("Categorie")

    def __str__(self):
        return self.titre

So when I run python manage.py makemigrations <my_app_name>, I get this error:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "manage.py", line 15, in <module>
    execute_from_command_line(sys.argv)
  File "C:UserslislisAppDataLocalProgramsPythonPython35-32libsite-packagesdjango-2.0-py3.5.eggdjangocoremanagement\__init__.py", line 354, in execute_from_command_line
    utility.execute()
  File "C:UserslislisAppDataLocalProgramsPythonPython35-32libsite-packagesdjango-2.0-py3.5.eggdjangocoremanagement\__init__.py", line 330, in execute
    django.setup()
  File "C:UserslislisAppDataLocalProgramsPythonPython35-32libsite-packagesdjango-2.0-py3.5.eggdjango\__init__.py", line 24, in setup
    apps.populate(settings.INSTALLED_APPS)
  File "C:UserslislisAppDataLocalProgramsPythonPython35-32libsite-packagesdjango-2.0-py3.5.eggdjangoapps
egistry.py", line 112, in populate
    app_config.import_models()
  File "C:UserslislisAppDataLocalProgramsPythonPython35-32libsite-packagesdjango-2.0-py3.5.eggdjangoappsconfig.py", line 198, in import_models
    self.models_module = import_module(models_module_name)
  File "C:UserslislisAppDataLocalProgramsPythonPython35-32libimportlib\__init__.py", line 126, in import_module
    return _bootstrap._gcd_import(name[level:], package, level)
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 986, in _gcd_import
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 969, in _find_and_load
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 958, in _find_and_load_unlocked
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 673, in _load_unlocked
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap_external>", line 665, in exec_module
  File "<frozen importlib._bootstrap>", line 222, in _call_with_frames_removed
  File "C:UserslislisDjangomon_sitelogmodels.py", line 6, in <module>
    class Article(models.Model):
  File "C:UserslislisDjangomon_sitelogmodels.py", line 16, in Article
    categorie = models.ForeignKey("Categorie")
TypeError: __init__() missing 1 required positional argument: "on_delete"

I"ve seen some similar issues in stackoverflow, but it seems to not be the same problem: __init__() missing 1 required positional argument: 'quantity'

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Getting TypeError: __init__() missing 1 required positional argument: "on_delete" when trying to add parent table after child table with entries __del__: Questions

How can I make a time delay in Python?

5 answers

I would like to know how to put a time delay in a Python script.

2973

Answer #1

import time
time.sleep(5)   # Delays for 5 seconds. You can also use a float value.

Here is another example where something is run approximately once a minute:

import time
while True:
    print("This prints once a minute.")
    time.sleep(60) # Delay for 1 minute (60 seconds).

2973

Answer #2

You can use the sleep() function in the time module. It can take a float argument for sub-second resolution.

from time import sleep
sleep(0.1) # Time in seconds

Getting TypeError: __init__() missing 1 required positional argument: "on_delete" when trying to add parent table after child table with entries __del__: Questions

How to delete a file or folder in Python?

5 answers

How do I delete a file or folder in Python?

2639

Answer #1


Path objects from the Python 3.4+ pathlib module also expose these instance methods:

2639

Answer #2


Path objects from the Python 3.4+ pathlib module also expose these instance methods:

2639

Answer #3

Python syntax to delete a file

import os
os.remove("/tmp/<file_name>.txt")

Or

import os
os.unlink("/tmp/<file_name>.txt")

Or

pathlib Library for Python version >= 3.4

file_to_rem = pathlib.Path("/tmp/<file_name>.txt")
file_to_rem.unlink()

Path.unlink(missing_ok=False)

Unlink method used to remove the file or the symbolik link.

If missing_ok is false (the default), FileNotFoundError is raised if the path does not exist.
If missing_ok is true, FileNotFoundError exceptions will be ignored (same behavior as the POSIX rm -f command).
Changed in version 3.8: The missing_ok parameter was added.

Best practice

  1. First, check whether the file or folder exists or not then only delete that file. This can be achieved in two ways :
    a. os.path.isfile("/path/to/file")
    b. Use exception handling.

EXAMPLE for os.path.isfile

#!/usr/bin/python
import os
myfile="/tmp/foo.txt"

## If file exists, delete it ##
if os.path.isfile(myfile):
    os.remove(myfile)
else:    ## Show an error ##
    print("Error: %s file not found" % myfile)

Exception Handling

#!/usr/bin/python
import os

## Get input ##
myfile= raw_input("Enter file name to delete: ")

## Try to delete the file ##
try:
    os.remove(myfile)
except OSError as e:  ## if failed, report it back to the user ##
    print ("Error: %s - %s." % (e.filename, e.strerror))

RESPECTIVE OUTPUT

Enter file name to delete : demo.txt
Error: demo.txt - No such file or directory.

Enter file name to delete : rrr.txt
Error: rrr.txt - Operation not permitted.

Enter file name to delete : foo.txt

Python syntax to delete a folder

shutil.rmtree()

Example for shutil.rmtree()

#!/usr/bin/python
import os
import sys
import shutil

# Get directory name
mydir= raw_input("Enter directory name: ")

## Try to remove tree; if failed show an error using try...except on screen
try:
    shutil.rmtree(mydir)
except OSError as e:
    print ("Error: %s - %s." % (e.filename, e.strerror))

Is there a simple way to delete a list element by value?

5 answers

I want to remove a value from a list if it exists in the list (which it may not).

a = [1, 2, 3, 4]
b = a.index(6)

del a[b]
print(a)

The above case (in which it does not exist) shows the following error:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "D:zjm_codea.py", line 6, in <module>
    b = a.index(6)
ValueError: list.index(x): x not in list

So I have to do this:

a = [1, 2, 3, 4]

try:
    b = a.index(6)
    del a[b]
except:
    pass

print(a)

But is there not a simpler way to do this?

1055

Answer #1

To remove an element"s first occurrence in a list, simply use list.remove:

>>> a = ["a", "b", "c", "d"]
>>> a.remove("b")
>>> print(a)
["a", "c", "d"]

Mind that it does not remove all occurrences of your element. Use a list comprehension for that.

>>> a = [10, 20, 30, 40, 20, 30, 40, 20, 70, 20]
>>> a = [x for x in a if x != 20]
>>> print(a)
[10, 30, 40, 30, 40, 70]

We hope this article has helped you to resolve the problem. Apart from Getting TypeError: __init__() missing 1 required positional argument: “on_delete” when trying to add parent table after child table with entries, check other __del__-related topics.

Want to excel in Python? See our review of the best Python online courses 2022. If you are interested in Data Science, check also how to learn programming in R.

By the way, this material is also available in other languages:



Oliver Ungerschaft

California | 2022-11-30

I was preparing for my coding interview, thanks for clarifying this - Getting TypeError: __init__() missing 1 required positional argument: “on_delete” when trying to add parent table after child table with entries in Python is not the simplest one. Will use it in my bachelor thesis

Davies Schteiner

Rome | 2022-11-30

Thanks for explaining! I was stuck with Getting TypeError: __init__() missing 1 required positional argument: “on_delete” when trying to add parent table after child table with entries for some hours, finally got it done 🤗. I just hope that will not emerge anymore

Cornwall Sikorski

Massachussetts | 2022-11-30

Simply put and clear. Thank you for sharing. Getting TypeError: __init__() missing 1 required positional argument: “on_delete” when trying to add parent table after child table with entries and other issues with find was always my weak point 😁. Will get back tomorrow with feedback

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