How to set environment variables in PyCharm?

StackOverflow

I have started to work on a Django project, and I would like to set some environment variables without setting them manually or having a bash file to source.

I want to set the following variables:

export DATABASE_URL=postgres://127.0.0.1:5432/my_db_name
export DEBUG=1
# there are other variables, but they contain personal information

I have read this, but that does not solve what I want. In addition, I have tried setting the environment variables in Preferences-> Build, Execution, Deployment->Console->Python Console/Django Console, but it sets the variables for the interpreter.

Answer rating: 176

You can set environmental variables in Pycharm"s run configurations menu.

  1. Open the Run Configuration selector in the top-right and cick Edit Configurations...

    Edit Configurations...

  2. Find Environmental variables and click ...

    Environmental variables

  3. Add or change variables, then click OK

    Editing environmental variables

You can access your environmental variables with os.environ

import os
print(os.environ["SOME_VAR"])

Answer rating: 106

I was able to figure out this using a PyCharm plugin called EnvFile. This plugin, basically allows setting environment variables to run configurations from one or multiple files.

The installation is pretty simple:

Preferences > Plugins > Browse repositories... > Search for "Env File" > Install Plugin.

Then, I created a file, in my project root, called environment.env which contains:

DATABASE_URL=postgres://127.0.0.1:5432/my_db_name
DEBUG=1

Then I went to Run->Edit Configurations, and I followed the steps in the next image:

Set Environment Variables

In 3, I chose the file environment.env, and then I could just click the play button in PyCharm, and everything worked like a charm.





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