NumPy array is not JSON serializable

StackOverflow

After creating a NumPy array, and saving it as a Django context variable, I receive the following error when loading the webpage:

array([   0,  239,  479,  717,  952, 1192, 1432, 1667], dtype=int64) is not JSON serializable

What does this mean?

Answer rating: 395

I regularly "jsonify" np.arrays. Try using the ".tolist()" method on the arrays first, like this:

import numpy as np
import codecs, json 

a = np.arange(10).reshape(2,5) # a 2 by 5 array
b = a.tolist() # nested lists with same data, indices
file_path = "/path.json" ## your path variable
json.dump(b, codecs.open(file_path, "w", encoding="utf-8"), separators=(",", ":"), sort_keys=True, indent=4) ### this saves the array in .json format

In order to "unjsonify" the array use:

obj_text = codecs.open(file_path, "r", encoding="utf-8").read()
b_new = json.loads(obj_text)
a_new = np.array(b_new)

Answer rating: 296

Store as JSON a numpy.ndarray or any nested-list composition.

class NumpyEncoder(json.JSONEncoder):
    def default(self, obj):
        if isinstance(obj, np.ndarray):
            return obj.tolist()
        return json.JSONEncoder.default(self, obj)

a = np.array([[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]])
print(a.shape)
json_dump = json.dumps({"a": a, "aa": [2, (2, 3, 4), a], "bb": [2]}, cls=NumpyEncoder)
print(json_dump)

Will output:

(2, 3)
{"a": [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]], "aa": [2, [2, 3, 4], [[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]]], "bb": [2]}

To restore from JSON:

json_load = json.loads(json_dump)
a_restored = np.asarray(json_load["a"])
print(a_restored)
print(a_restored.shape)

Will output:

[[1 2 3]
 [4 5 6]]
(2, 3)

Answer rating: 67

I found the best solution if you have nested numpy arrays in a dictionary:

import json
import numpy as np

class NumpyEncoder(json.JSONEncoder):
    """ Special json encoder for numpy types """
    def default(self, obj):
        if isinstance(obj, np.integer):
            return int(obj)
        elif isinstance(obj, np.floating):
            return float(obj)
        elif isinstance(obj, np.ndarray):
            return obj.tolist()
        return json.JSONEncoder.default(self, obj)

dumped = json.dumps(data, cls=NumpyEncoder)

with open(path, "w") as f:
    json.dump(dumped, f)

Thanks to this guy.

Answer rating: 57

You can use Pandas:

import pandas as pd
pd.Series(your_array).to_json(orient="values")




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