Rename specific column(s) in pandas

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I"ve got a dataframe called data. How would I rename the only one column header? For example gdp to log(gdp)?

data =
    y  gdp  cap
0   1    2    5
1   2    3    9
2   8    7    2
3   3    4    7
4   6    7    7
5   4    8    3
6   8    2    8
7   9    9   10
8   6    6    4
9  10   10    7

Rename specific column(s) in pandas log: Questions

log

Python"s equivalent of && (logical-and) in an if-statement

5 answers

delete By delete

Here"s my code:

def front_back(a, b):
  # +++your code here+++
  if len(a) % 2 == 0 && len(b) % 2 == 0:
    return a[:(len(a)/2)] + b[:(len(b)/2)] + a[(len(a)/2):] + b[(len(b)/2):] 
  else:
    #todo! Not yet done. :P
  return

I"m getting an error in the IF conditional.
What am I doing wrong?

934

Answer #1

You would want and instead of &&.

934

Answer #2

Python uses and and or conditionals.

i.e.

if foo == "abc" and bar == "bac" or zoo == "123":
  # do something

log

How do you get the logical xor of two variables in Python?

5 answers

Zach Hirsch By Zach Hirsch

How do you get the logical xor of two variables in Python?

For example, I have two variables that I expect to be strings. I want to test that only one of them contains a True value (is not None or the empty string):

str1 = raw_input("Enter string one:")
str2 = raw_input("Enter string two:")
if logical_xor(str1, str2):
    print "ok"
else:
    print "bad"

The ^ operator seems to be bitwise, and not defined on all objects:

>>> 1 ^ 1
0
>>> 2 ^ 1
3
>>> "abc" ^ ""
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
TypeError: unsupported operand type(s) for ^: "str" and "str"
794

Answer #1

If you"re already normalizing the inputs to booleans, then != is xor.

bool(a) != bool(b)

Rename specific column(s) in pandas rename: Questions

Rename a dictionary key

5 answers

Is there a way to rename a dictionary key, without reassigning its value to a new name and removing the old name key; and without iterating through dict key/value?

In case of OrderedDict, do the same, while keeping that key"s position.

546

Answer #1

For a regular dict, you can use:

mydict[k_new] = mydict.pop(k_old)

This will move the item to the end of the dict, unless k_new was already existing in which case it will overwrite the value in-place.

For a Python 3.7+ dict where you additionally want to preserve the ordering, the simplest is to rebuild an entirely new instance. For example, renaming key 2 to "two":

>>> d = {0:0, 1:1, 2:2, 3:3}
>>> {"two" if k == 2 else k:v for k,v in d.items()}
{0: 0, 1: 1, "two": 2, 3: 3}

The same is true for an OrderedDict, where you can"t use dict comprehension syntax, but you can use a generator expression:

OrderedDict((k_new if k == k_old else k, v) for k, v in od.items())

Modifying the key itself, as the question asks for, is impractical because keys are hashable which usually implies they"re immutable and can"t be modified.

How to rename a file using Python

5 answers

I want to change a.txt to b.kml.

485

Answer #1

Use os.rename:

import os

os.rename("a.txt", "b.kml")

Rename multiple files in a directory in Python

5 answers

I"m trying to rename some files in a directory using Python.

Say I have a file called CHEESE_CHEESE_TYPE.*** and want to remove CHEESE_ so my resulting filename would be CHEESE_TYPE

I"m trying to use the os.path.split but it"s not working properly. I have also considered using string manipulations, but have not been successful with that either.

410

Answer #1

Use os.rename(src, dst) to rename or move a file or a directory.

$ ls
cheese_cheese_type.bar  cheese_cheese_type.foo
$ python
>>> import os
>>> for filename in os.listdir("."):
...  if filename.startswith("cheese_"):
...    os.rename(filename, filename[7:])
... 
>>> 
$ ls
cheese_type.bar  cheese_type.foo

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